Yuan Shikai survives his short illness and his dictatorial regime becomes even harsher. The leading GMD functionaries - most of them, including Sun Yat-sen, exiled - call for a second revolution.
China joins the Entente and declares war on Germany.
Treaty of Versailles. Germany hesitates to sign it and the Allies start an offensive. French troops conquer the Rhineland which finally leads to Germany's surrender and, due to her bitter resistance, the Treaty becomes even harsher. Short-lived Soviet Republics are founded everywhere in Germany, but they are finally crushed by the remnants of the German Army and the so-called rightist "Freikorps".
Rightist forces become stronger in Germany; former Army officers plot to depose the democratic government of the Weimar Republic.
Movement of May 4th due to Chinese disappointment with the Treaty of Versailles.
The Communist Party of China is founded. Being banned by the Imperial government, the communists form a united front with the GMD. There are signs of the Emperor's growing insanity and his corrupt regime leads to insurgencies. The Beiyang Army becomes a ruling clique.
After the Treaty of Rapallo, German-Soviet relations greatly improve. Soviet and German Armies continue to co-operate.
Beer Hall Putsch: The Nazi Party tries to overthrow the current Bavarian government in order to acquire power in all of Germany. The current Bavarian government aligns itself with the Nazis (who enjoy incredible popular support). The putsch succeeds and the Nazis assumes power in Bavaria. Start of the German Civil War.
With Yuan's death, Imperial China collapses once again. The New Guomindang tries to regain power and the Republic of China is re-proclaimed. Unlike OTL, Yuan began strict centralization with a civil bureaucracy, which prevents the splitting of China into several warlord factions. The intact Beiyang Army surrenders to the GMD - a strange alliance between military and party begins.
Franco-Belgian intervention draws near, as the Nazis are about to conquer southwestern Germany. The central government encourages a guerrilla type of warfare.
Like in World War One, the (weak) Army grows more powerful once again, using nationalist sentiments. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and Italy secretly support their respective proxies: communist rioters in Saxony and Thuringia and the Nazis, based in Bavaria. Finally, the far left and moderate right (if compared to the Nazis), form a popular front kind of government, which ends up by conquering Munich successfully. Adolf Hitler flees to his native Austria, while many high ranking Nazi members or supporters (like Ludendorff) switch sides. Germany ends up as a military dictatorship which turns to the Soviet Union (being resentful of the West).
Second Sino-Japanese War. The German-equipped and above all, well-disciplined, Chinese Army does surprisingly well at fending off Japanese aggression. The Soviet Union declares War on Japan, and the Sino-Soviet offensive is able to "liberate" Manchuria and Korea. Germany sends an expeditionary force, to test its newest weapon systems. Meanwhile, the Western Allies remain stunned.