Charles Edward Stuart, better known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, leads the Second Jacobite Uprising (now known as the Great Restoration) with the help of thousands of French and Highland Scottish troops. The Highland Clans originally showed little enthusiasm, but an army was collected and soon routed Perth and Coatbridge, eventually marching on Edinburgh. The British Army was across the channel in Flanders and Germany, so only a force of around 4000 was left to defend Scotland. This inexperienced army was easily defeated thanks to the incapable leadership of Sir John Cope, and his army soon fled back to England. James VIII of Scotland (Charles' father and James II and VII's son)was proclaimed at Holyrood Palace. The army of around 6000 men entered Derby sometime in December, only 125 miles from Scotland. At this time, uncertainty was beginning to creep in. Listening to advice from his Council of War, he decided to retreat, and winter in Scotland, where his army would unite with another huge force of Jacobites.
It is a cold winter, and neither army makes much progress. The Jacobites assemble around Glasgow and up to the English border. Meanwhile a French fleet has been assembled at Dunkirk. It is decided to attack in May. The raging army of Jacobites, comprised of of thousands of raging clansmen, bold Irishmen and hardy Frenchmen surge across the border. Meeting almost no opposition, they advance to Nottingham, stopping at York to reprovision. The army is joined by thousands of English Catholics, suppressed since the Glorious Revolution. The French fleet sails to Dover, taking Kent. Both armies prepare for a final assault on London. The siege of London goes on for months. Finally, on 3 December 1746, the Jacobite troops break through the English defenses. London falls and is looted by the French and Irish, though Charles orders the clansmen to hold back. His father, James III of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day.
The German Usurper George II, hated by many, is captured in Poole, attempting to flee the country. He is summarily tried and executed in the Tower of London. Anti-Jacobite riots are being occasionally suppressed, but many Englishmen have accepted the new king. France, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire recognize the new king.
James III declares the Act of Union of 1707 null and void. England and Scotland are once again separate, after almost 60 years. Information reaches the English colonies in America of the uprising. Many colonists are in favor of the change