Alternate History

Timeline (Caroline Era)

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Nineteenth Century

27th June, 1806 - Augustus De Morgan, potential future logician and mathematician, is born in Madras, British Raj.

1820 - Point Of Divergence 1 - Although the fourteen year old De Morgan shows interest in Euclid, this goes unnoticed by the family friend and he eventually becomes a humourist and Unitarian minister instead.

10th September, 1839 - Charles Sanders Peirce (Caroline Era) is born in Cambridge, MA, USA.

Twentieth Century to First World War

28nd March, 1907 - Lucia dos Santos is born in Aljustrel, Portugal.

1907 - Point Of Divergence 2 - James Murray Spangler successfully markets the domestic vacuum cleaner.

9th July 1913 - Isaac Blank is born in Germiston, South Africa.

1910s - Point Of Divergence 3 - Isaac Blank's parents having stayed together, he is not radicalised by his mother's lodgers and neither becomes a Marxist nor emigrates to the UK. This means there will be no Militant Tendency in the UK and the nature of British hard left politics is very different.

Onset of First World War to end of Second World War

13th March, 1917 - Lucia dos Santos, Jacinto Marto and Francisco Marto, while tending sheep, are understood to have witnessed the first of several apparitions of the Virgin Mary, during which she imparts a number of prophecies and visions to them.

June 1917 - Beginning of the Spanish 'flu' pandemic.

1919 - Point of Divergence 4 - Lucia dies of influenza.

20th February 1920 - Jacinta Martos dies of influenza. With her death, the details of the "Three Secrets Of Fatima" will remain unknown and have no influence on the Roman Catholic Church.

Immediate Postwar Era

22nd January, 1946 - Malcolm McLaren is born in North London.

1948 - Point Of Divergence 5 - Pete McLaren does not leave Emmy Isaacs and Malcolm is not raised by his maternal grandmother. He becomes a cafe proprietor in Stoke Newington, though quite a creative one at quite a trendy cafe.

24th May, 1959 - Point Of Divergence 6 - Francois Duvalier, Haitian head of state, does not accidentally overdose on insulin, thereby avoiding a heart attack, brain damage and psychosis, and Haiti does not become a corrupt regime run by an insane dictator.

New Elizabethan Era

21st April, 1960 - Point Of Divergence 7 - Edwina Mountbatten does not die of a heart condition in Borneo.

1960 - DEC PDP-1 produced.

1961 - 'IBM 7030 released.

1963 - The US X3 Committee introduces a version of the six-bit BCD code introduced by IBM plus a shift-code system rather than OTL's ASCII system.

7th April, 1964 - IBM announces the IBM 360 Mainframe, setting a number of de facto standards for digital computers, influenced by the IBM 7030.

14th December 1973 - UN Resolution 3160 recommends that the Argentinian and UK governments enter into negotiations regarding the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands/Malvinas.

1974 - Point Of Divergence 8 - The UK Government negotiates a co-dominion with Argentina, to last for 99 years.

1st January, 1975 - South Atlantic Co-Dominion is founded - a joint governorship of the Falklands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands between the UK and its successor state the Federated Kingdom to last for ninety-nine years. This means there will be no war between the UK and Argentina in this timeline.

20th August, 1975 - Viking I launched.

1975 - IBM 5100 released.

1979 - IBM sells Microprocessor chips to other companies. Two companies which buy them are Acorn and Sinclair, the latter of which swiftly produces a simpler domestic microcomputer, the Ambassador, with a built-in 4" Microvision as its display.

3rd May, 1979 - Start of the "Swerve" - a five-year sequence of events, mainly in the politics of the US and UK, when various policies were reversed for a short period.

27th August, 1979 - Lord Louis Mountbatten's wife persuades him not to take the boat out while on holiday in County Sligo and he is not assassinated. His daughter Amanda goes on to marry the Prince of Wales.

26th April, 1980 - Prince of Wales marries Amanda Knatchbull in St Paul's Cathedral.

1980 (Dates unknown) - After secret discussions with Lord Mountbatten, the Queen announces that she will abdicate on the thirtieth anniversary of her coronation in favour of Prince Charles.

30th March, 1981 - Point Of Divergence 9 - Ronald Reagan is assassinated by John Hinckley Jr in Washington DC. George Bush Sr. takes over the presidency.

All PODs have now occurred.

13th May, 1981 - Pope John Paul II is assassinated by Mehmet Ali Agca at the behest of the KGB. The Vatican has been less cautious about his protection as a result of their lack of knowledge of the Three Secrets Of Fatima, though whether this has supernatural tendencies or not is a different matter.

6th June, 1982 - Prince Charles unexpectedly cancels all his engagements and goes on a month's retreat at Balmoral with a skeleton staff.

20th June, 1982 - John Hinckley Jr is executed in the electric chair for the murder of Ronald Reagan.

6th July 1982 - The Queen announces her intention to abdicate in 1983 in favour of Prince Charles. The Prince makes a series of surprising announcements regarding his future intentions.

1982 - Sony releases the first CDs and CD players.

Caroline Era Proper - First Decade

14th June 1983 - Coronation of King Charles III in Westminster Abbey.

19th April 1984 - The King performs the Maundy Money ceremony, reintroducing the Angel coin and touchpieces along with the Royal Touch, last performed by Queen Anne in 1714.

3rd May 1984 - Landslide victory for Healey's Labour Party. End of the Swerve.

1984 - CD-ROMs are introduced.

First Electronic Newspaper.

Sinclair produces the first flat screen television and wins the bid for providing domestic computers to GPO telephone subscribers. It proceeds to design the Ambassador II.

13th July, 1985 - The Beatles reform at Live Aid.

1985 - NASA and the Soviet Union both mount successful missions to the Moon and begin construction of bases for mining.

Sinclair produce a personal hovercraft. the C5, and an updated version of its computer, the Ambassador II.

1986 - Mass drivers constructed on the Moon by NASA and the Soviets to enable mining.

Sinclair produce the C10, a scaled up version of the C5.

1987 - Toroidal international space station 1.8 km in diameter constructed at L-5 point, simply referred to as the L-5 torus, and inhabited. Construction begins on orbital solar power plant nearby, and on Soviet and US Mars mission vehicles in orbit.

Sinclair produce their third and final hovercraft design, the C20.

1988 - Soviet and NASA Mars missions are launched. Both also include Venus flybys, which occur in the same year.

British General Election results in a hung Parliament and a "rainbow coalition" between Labour, the nationalist parties and the Liberals.

1989 - Soviets, then NASA, land on Mars, mount a relatively long-term mission lasting several weeks, then set off back to Earth.

First orbital solar power stations go online.

1990 - The Times becomes the last daily newspaper to discontinue its print edition.

1992 - Online voting systems for frequent referanda installed in most Western democracies.

Caroline Era - Second Decade

1993 - Average Working week in Britain is now 22 hours.

British General Election results in a Federalist victory. United Kingdom becomes the Federated Kingdom of Great Britain and the Isles, Northern Ireland becomes part of the Republic of Ireland and England is split into six semi-autonomous regions. It remains a constitutional monarchy. Fixed terms of four years and proportional representation are introduced.

Venus Atmospheric Mission

1994 - Internet now in widespread use. 75 academic journals are now online.

British Unionist Party is founded and becomes the main opposition to the Federalists.

January 1995 - A state of emergency and martial law is declared in many Western nations in order to address an increasingly threatening international situation. In the Federated Kingdom, a National Government is formed to address the crisis.

February 1995 - A coalition of Arab nations issue an ultimatum to the Israeli government to withdraw from occupied territories in Jordan and Egypt or face invasion. In the NATO countries, martial law is declared and all people considered subversive are incarcerated for the duration of the "emergency".

3rd March 1995 - Third World War, a "limited" nuclear war, is waged in the Middle East over a period of about a week, resulting in millions of casualties and a large area of Asia and North East Africa becoming effectively permanently uninhabitable. The chief parties directly involved are Israel, the Middle Eastern Arab countries, India and Pakistan, though this is at the behest of the northern power blocks rather than the direct responsibility of the nations themselves.

There is considerable climatic impact. There is effectively no summer in the Northern Hemisphere, being replaced by a "Nuclear Autumn". This has considerable impact on crops and harvests in North America and Eurasia and rationing is imposed.

Later in March, most but not all of the "subversive elements" are released.

The Cold War between the Eastern and Western power blocks ends and the UN imposes global nuclear disarmament with the cooperation of the Warsaw Pact and NATO. Nuclear power stations are decommissioned and a programme of expansion of orbital solar power stations begins.

Videophones are successfully introduced to the domestic market.

1996 - Microwave cannons and guns are adopted by the military and/or law-enforcement agencies in many countries. In the US and Switzerland, microwave guns are widely available to the public for self-defence.

A record cold winter kills many people from hypothermia.

Microwave power transmission begins to be used over short distances for recharging and power supplies.

September - Rationing finishes.

1997 - Many African peoples are now condemned to almost certain disappearance due to the Ukimwi epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Some have completely disappeared by this point with no descendants.

A number of Jews exercise their Right of Return to Israel and found the new nation of Zion.

1998 - The portable MIDI Player is invented.

The National Governments disband and General Elections are called, won by the Federalists in England and the relevant nationalist parties elsewhere.

Caroline Era - Twenty-first Century

2002 - Three-quarters of academic journals are now primarily in electronic form and accessible online.

General Elections in the FK, leaving the Federalists and nationalist parties as the largest governments.

2005 - Last PAL TV transmitter switched off.

2006 - English general election won by British Unionists.

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