Italy invades Ethiopia, receiving some French assistance.
Germany invades Poland, along with the Soviet Union. The attack is highly successful.
Yugoslavia is invaded by the Axis, and it's territory is carved up into the Independent States of Croatia and Montenegro, and the Free State of Serbia.
7 December 1942 - Yamamoto's plan to knock America a swift blow works. A second wave of bombers was sent in after the initial wave. This completely destroyed all craft in Pearl Harbour. A third wave followed, with attention being given to airfields and any remaining aircraft. As the Zero is a superior aircraft, the American Army-Air force was soon in tatters. The rest of the day, several waves of aircraft fly over the island, gathering intelligence on the populations reactions and destroying any remaining navy or army buildings. On the morning of 8 December, the Japanese invasion force followed. These divisions were taken from the Chinese mainland and quickly routed the remaining American forces. By 3 January 1942, Japan controlled the islands and martial law was enforced. The invading forces are dealt an amazing stroke of luck when they enter an American Army base headquarters. At this base, the staff left in such a hurry that they left massive amounts of intelligence behind in the form of codes, dispersion of forces and volumes on army doctrine. These were studied thoroughly by the Japanese intelligence agencies, and ultimately led to a much clearer picture of the American's plans.
January - February 1942. The Japanese recover the RADAR sites within the Hawaiian islands. The benefits of having such technology aboard their ship becomes apparent. Working around the clock, and using the locals as slave labour, by 27 February 1942, all Japanese ships within Pearl Harbour have the technology fitted. Some of the workers rebel and sabotage the RADAR by attempting to break important sections containing vacuum tubes and valves. The reprisals are swift. Not only were the saboteurs executed, as they were found to be originally from the island of Molokai, the entire population of Molokai were wiped out.
March 1942. Meanwhile, the remaining military staff members are questioned about American naval tactics. One army captain lets slip of the remarkable ability of America to decipher Japanese intentions. From this slip, the Japanese discover that their naval codes and ciphers have been cracked by the Americans. By the end of the month, more cryptographically challenging codes are created and disseminated throughout the Japanese Navy. The Army and diplomatic codes soon follow.
February - May 1942. With the successful invasion of Hawaii complete, the Japanese island hop their way back towards the home islands. The use of amphibious landing is perfected by the Japanese, (using some techniques from the American Marines doctrine), and individual islands fall quickly. The facilities at Pearl Harbour are repaired and used to refit Japanese craft.
3 - 8 May 1942. The American aircraft carrier, Yorktown, attacks a Japanese invasion force coming on to the Solomon Islands. The Yorktown was limping back to Australia to be refitted (as this was the nearest safe harbour) and, while several Japanese warships were sunk or damaged, the Yorktown could no longer be effective and retired to the Australian port of Townsville. The confrontation of the American and Japanese aircraft carriers the Coral Sea takes place. However, the Americans still can't crack the new Japanese naval code, and they have only one aircraft carrier available. The Japanese, with the newly installed radar on their ships, a string of victories and two carriers in the fleet, have the upper hand in the battle. The Japanese carriers, the Shokaku and the Shoho attack, and successfully sink the American carrier Lexington as well as nine destroyers and five cruisers. The backbone of US Admiral Chester Nimitz's fleet was sunk, and he returns to Townsville with the remainder.
4-7 June 1942. The Battle of Midway occurs between the Japanese and American naval forces. The American forces could only muster two serviceable aircraft carriers, the Enterprise and the Hornet. The battle is very one sided, with the Japanese forces using their four carriers to destroy and ultimately sink the two US carriers.
1 July 1942. The East Asian Co-prosperity Sphere encompasses the majority of the small islands of the Pacific ocean, most of New Guinea.
4 July 1942. New Zealand is annexed. Although slightly south of the main naval seaways, the island was taken for the resources and manufacturing industries. While not substantive in itself as an economic power house, the annexation of New Zealand has a crippling effect on the wartime economy of Australia.
31 July 1942. Using New Zealand as a base, and the resources now flowing from the Dutch East Indies (such are rubber, tin and oil), the Japanese attack the Australian mainland. Starting in the port of Townsville, where the Americans were repairing their fleet the invading forces create a beach head almost unopposed. US General Macarthur, who narrowly escaped from the Philippines, draws the defensive "Brisbane Line" and pulls all Allied forces behind and along the line.
24 December 1942. The New Zealand population do not accept Japanese rule and some Japanese officials are killed as they make their way back from Government House to their quarters. The reprisals from General Honma (who was the senior Japanese military official) is brutal and swift. On Christmas Eve, 1942, the entire population of Canterbury is slaughtered in what became known as the "Killing of Canterbury". The resistance movement dies out and the remaining New Zealand population is soon moved on to the northern island, while Japanese settlers take over the southern island.