Alternate History

Timeline (Asia for the Asiatics!)

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This is the timeline for the Asia for the Asiatics! alternate history.

Asia for the Asiatics!

Wars & Conflicts


1909: POD October 26, Itō Hirobumi survives an assassination attempt in Korea.

1910: Japanese-Korean Union Treaty signed

  • Establishes the semi-autonomous Empire of Korea within the Empire of Greater Japan
  • Military and diplomacy under Japanese control
  • Japanese occupation limited to scattered bases throughout the country
  • Signed by Korean Emperor Gojong

1911: December 29, Sun Yat-Sen elected the first President of China

1912: July 30, Emperor Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor dies. Emperor Yoshito rises to the throne as the Taisho Emperor

1912: Japan begins broadcasting ideas and transmissions about Asian unity and independence

  • Ideas gain strengthen in China, Thailand, and the Philippines

1913: Yuan Shikai elected President of China

1914: June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary is assassinated

1914: July 28, World War I Begins

1914: August 23, Japan enters World War I

1914: November 7, German-controlled Tsingtao surrenders; Other German Pacific territories fall easily

1914: Sun Yat-Sen flees China; Founds Chinese Revolutionary Party in Japan

  • Received support from the Japanese government
  • Almost all former Kuomintang members rejoin

1915: Yuan Shikai declares himself Emperor of China

1915: Republican Demands issued by Japan to China

  1. Readopt the 1912 Constitution
  2. Abolish the monarchy
  3. Establish a democracy
  4. Allow free, multi-party elections
  5. Enter into an alliance with Japan
  6. Grant Japan numerous economic and political rights within China

1915, March 22: Emperor Yuan abolishes monarchy and dies shortly thereafter
1917: New Republic of China government established in Guangdong by Sun; Supported and recognized by Japan

  • Democratic and stable
  • Local warlords quickly incorporated into government

1917: Whampoa Military Academy established with Japanese funding to assist in KMT officer training

1918: War ends; Japan continue to occupy and administer Shandong Peninsula who provide it as a base for the nationalists; infuriates Yuan

1918: November, Japan joins the multi-national Siberian Intervention force

1919: January 21, Emperor Gojong of Korea dies. The throne of Korea officially reverts to the Yamato Dynasty. Emperor Yoshito becomes Emperor of Korea

1919: May 4th Movement increases support for KMT and republican government in China


1921: July 1, Communist Party of China founded

1921: New Republic of China government established in Guangdong by Sun; Supported and recognized by Japan

  • Democratic and stable
  • Local warlords quickly incorporated into government

1922: Japan withdraws from the Russian Far East; continues to occupy the northern half of Sahklin Island

1923: Chiang Kai-Shek is sent to Japan for military and political training

1924: Election of Katō Komei as Prime Minister of Japan; Beginning of further democratic reforms in Japan

1924: Second Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors passed by the Cabinet and signed by the Taisho Emperor

  • Diet replaced Emperor as the supreme commander of the military. Military now subservient to civilian control
  • Ordered the military to remove themselves from politics and loyally serve the elected government

1925: Introduction of universal male suffrage in Japan and Korea

1925: Sun Yat-Sen dies

1926: KMT Northern Expedition and Second Sino-Japanese War begin

  • Japan went to war in support of the KMT; invade Manchuria
  • KMT, led by Chiang Kai-Shek, conquer southern China within 9 months
  • Japan secures Manchuria within 6 months

1926: December 25, Emperor Yoshito dies. Emperor Hirohito rises to the throne as the Shōwa Emperor

1927: Battle of Baoding - remnants of opposing warlord forces defeated. Northern China comes under KMT control

1927: Shandong returned to KMT control, but Japanese retain economic influence

1927: Chinese Communists split from KMT and open warfare between the two begins

1927: Japan annexes Manchuria as part of surrender agreement

China 1928

  • Last imperial act of Japan in China
  • Meant to appease last of the militarists
  • Sets up republican government
  • Grudgingly accepted by ROC; People saw it as a Manchu nation

1928: Chinese capital moved to Nanjing; Republic of China in full control of most of Inner China

  • KMT remains dominate party in ROC

1928: Chiang Kai-Shek elected President of the Republic of China

1929: Meiji Constitution rewritten

  • Power of the Emperor restricted; subordinate to Parliament and the Cabinet
  • Military put under Parliamentary control
  • Deemphasized the emperor's divinity
  • Great victory for Left; Destroys far-right


1930: Japan initiates the Meiji Project to induce rapid economic and military development in China

1931: Democracy introduced to Taiwan; given self-governing assembly

1931: Japanese financial and military support continues

1932: PanAsianism spreads in India; Gandhi becomes a believer

1933: Republic of Uyghuristan declared in the former Chinese province of Xinjiang

1934: October, Chinese Communists, led by Mao Zedong, begin the Long March, a retreat from KMT forces

1938: Referendum for the Status of Taiwan; Votes to become a prefecture of Japan

Republic of China 1939

  • Became Taipei and Kaohsiung Prefectures

1934: Mahatma Gandhi and Muhammad Ali Jinnah meet with Japanese Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi to discuss Japanese support for Indian independence

  • India-Japan Pact signed; pledged Japanese political support for Indian independence
  • Indoctrinated Indian leaders into PanAsian community

1936: Chinese War of Unification begins; Chinese, backed by Japanese troops, weapons, and money, wage war against the central Chinese warlords and Chinese Communists led by Mao Zedong

1938: Japan forces China to recognize the independence of Uyghuristan and Tibet

  • Japan begins to work with both nations to initiate a rapid industrialization process
  • Increases dissatisfaction with Japan in some Chinese political circles

1939: September 1, Germany invades Poland; World War II in Europe begins

1939: October 1, Last of warlords defeated; Chinese Unification Day declared

  • Mao Zedong, and the 200,000 strong Red Army, dissolve into a guerrilla movement in western China with much of their political leadership fleeing to the Mongolia.

1939: Chinese coastal areas are rapidly modernizing thanks to Japanese investment; many have or are building modern ports, shipyards, and industrial factories

1939: Battle of Khalkhin Gol - Japanese forces defeat Soviet forces when they try to advance into Mongolia, but they stop their advance fearing a war with the Soviet Union

  • Japanese-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact signed afterward


1940: September 27, Japan signs Tripartite Pact with Italy and Japan

  • Seen as needed to enable the War of Liberation in Asia

1940: August 1, The Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere (GEACS) founded

  • Founding members: Japan, China, Uyghuristan, Tibet

1940: September, Japan seizes French Indochina

  • Kingdom of Cambodia, the United Republic of Vietnam, and the Republic of Laos formed as independent countries from the territory
  • Disputed Thai provinces in Indochina were ceded back to Siam (Thailand)

1940: October, Siam (Thailand) allies with Japan and China; Joins GEAC

1941: Chinese Communist insurgency growing some support from peasants who failed to gain from the same economic growth experienced on the coasts, a worrying development for the KMT

1941: July 4, Philippine Revolution begins

  • Japan recognizes the Second Philippine Republic and begins providing financial and logistical support

1941: December 7, Japan attacks American base at Pearl Harbor; Japan enters World War II

  • Declaration of War delivered before the attack begins
  • Launches three attack waves which destroys battleships, air fields, and oil tanks; neutralizes American Pacific Fleet except for carriers

1941: December 8, A joint Japanese-Chinese force attack the British Crown colony of Hong Kong; Japanese forces attack the American-controlled Philippines in support of the Philippine rebels; Japanese and Thai forces invade British Malaya

1941: December 9, Nazi Germany and Italy declare war on the United States

1942: January, Japanese, Thai, and Chinese forces invade Burma; Japan invades the East Indies, New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands

1942: February 27, Battle of the Java Sea - a Japanese victory that gave them control of the East Indies

1942: March 23, Japanese occupy Andaman Islands

1942: March 31, Japanese carrier raid in the Indian Ocean; sink the carrier HMS Hermes to gain control of the Indian Ocean

1942: May, Asian forces reach Indian border

1942: May 8, American forces in the Philippines surrender to Japanese and Filipino forces

  • All Filipino POWs are released; many join the new Army of the Philippines
  • Entire island chain completely secured

1942: May 4-8, Japanese forces defeat an Allied naval fleet in the Coral Sea and land on the southern coast of New Guinea; Port Moresby is seized within two weeks signaling the fall of New Guinea

  • Sinks 2 of the American's 3 remaining carriers
  • Solomon Islands and Guadalcanal seized shortly after
  • Australia cut off from United States by Japanese air power

1942: June, Japan seizes Midway Island and destroy a small surface fleet, along with the last American carrier, defending it

  • Destruction of US fleet has given Japan naval dominance of the Pacific

1942: August 8, Allied counterattack launched in the Solomon Islands

1942: August, Quit India Movement begins; massive demonstrations for immediate independence paralyze British forces in the country

  • Had support of both the Indian National Congress and Muslim League
  • Many independence leaders, including Gandhi, thrown in Jail

1942: September, Indian National Army, or Azad Hind Fauj, founded in Singapore by Subhas Chandra Bose

  • Recruited Indian prisoners of war in Southeast Asia; most joined
  • supported by Japanese government and Indians living in southeast Asia

1942: November, Japanese expel the Allies from the Solomon Islands

  • Australia once again cut off from America
  • US attempts to continue supplying Australia by sending convoys further southward

1943: January, Japan makes landings on New Caledonia, the New Hebrides Islands, Samoa, and Fuiji in a series of rapid offensives

  • Threatens to completely cuts off Australia and New Zealand
  • Australia considers surrender

1943: March, Japan invades Ceylon; Azad Hind moves their bases and men to the island

1943: August, State of Burma formed; led by Ba Maw; Burma National Army led by Aung Sun; joins GEACS

  • Japanese, Thai, and Chinese occupational forces began slow withdrawal to select bases

1943: November 18, British troops on Ceylon surrender; the independent United Republic of India declared at Colombo

  • A new wave of protests breakout in India; West India breaks out into open revolt

1944: February, Japanese launch an assault on the Hawaiian Islands

  • Americans lose Battle of Hawaii
  • Newly rebuilt American navy and air force destroyed by Japanese air and sea power
  • O'ahu occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army by April

1944: May 3, Australia and New Zealand surrender

  • Grants New Guinea independence under Japanese military protection

1944: October, Operation: Hawaiian Freedom launched

  • Japanese repel American invasion force, which fails to liberate Hawaii, but American forces retain control of other islands

1944, October 27, Indian rebels, mainly Kashmiri and Punjabi, seize Lahore and raise the flag of United India; most of northwest India under rebel control

1944: November, New Japanese intercontinental bomber launched against the US

  • Causes minimal damage, but successfully strikes Seattle, San Francisco, and San Diego
  • Starts a popular outcry against the current government and the war

1944: December, USA starts deploying peace feelers

1945: January 8, Japanese peace delegation arrives in Mexico City to begin the peace negotiations

1945: January 28, Treaty of Mexico City signed by all remaining belligerents

  • Referendum held to determine future of O'ahu
    • Votes to remain as part of the United States
  • Hawaii to remain demilitarized for five years
  • Grants Philippines independence
  • Cedes Guam, Wake, and Midway Islands to Japan
  • US must recognize all newly independent Asian countries

1945: April, Japan and its Asian allies begin Operation: Indian Sunset, the liberation of India

  • Japanese naval fleet drive remaining British naval assets into Persian Gulf or Red Sea
  • Invasion forces land in south and west India, where they're joined by Indian rebels

1945: May 2, Greater German Reich surrenders bringing an end to the War in European

1945: June, Second Sepoy Rebellion started by the oppressive British policies implemented to prevent further dissension

  • Most Indian soldiers within 100 km of the front (West, South, East) surrendered and joined the Indian National Army.
  • Brought about the collapse of the British defense of India.

1945: July 16, America tests its first nuclear weapon, but it was too late to win the war.

1946: November, Princely States abandon British and join United India; Nepal withdraws from British protection

1946: December 31, Delhi liberated and British surrender; End of World War II and the Pacific War

1947: January 1, Indian Unification Day declared; Liberation Day declared across Asia

1947: February, British end their financial support for anti-communist forces in Greece

1947: June, Marshall Plan initiated by United States to rebuild Europe

  • British economy still crumbling from the rapid loss of India

1947: June 26, United Nations Charter signed

  • USA, UK, France, USSR, and Japan are permanent members of the Security Council

1948: Discontent grows in Central China which is paralleled by the growth in a Communist insurgency

1948: February, The Czechoslovak Communist Party seizes control of the Czechoslovakian government with Soviet support

1948: After a series of disputes between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia is expelled from the Cominform (Communist Information Bureau)

1948: June 24, Soviet Unions blockades West Berlin

1949: April 4, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg sign the North Atlantic Treaty to create NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization

1949: May 11, Siam reverts its official name back to Thailand

1949: May 12, Berlin Blockade ends

1949: July 31, Japan tests its first nuclear weapon in Manchuria; Initially kept secret

1949: August 29, Soviet Union announces its successful detonation of a nuclear device

1949: September 10, Japan announces its successful nuclear test from a month earlier

American Nuclear Test


1950: The Soviet Union rapidly increases its covert military aid to Communist rebels in China

1951: April 28, Mohammad Mosaddegh appointed Prime Minister by the Shah of Iran

1951: January, The People's Spring, a mass peasant uprising in eastern China, begins and reignites Chinese Civil War

1952: November 1, United States tests its first hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb), Ivy Mike

1952: Turkey and Greece join NATO

1953: August, Operation Ajax fails and the Iranian Revolution begins

1953: August 12, Soviet Union tests its first hydrogen bomb, Joe 4

1955: May 9, West Germany joins NATO

1955: April 8, Japan tests its first hydrogen bomb, Sakuraa

1955: May 14, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, East Germany, and the Soviet Union signed the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, commonly known as the Warsaw Pact, creating the Warsaw Treaty Organization

1956: April, Chinese Red Army conquers Uyghuristan with support of local Chinese population

1956: Japan deploys IJA units to eastern China to combat Chinese Red Army

1957: June 7, Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere reorganized into two organizations: the Asian Economic Community (AEC) and the Asia-Pacific Defense Organization (APDO)

  • Members: Japan, China, Tibet, Uyghuristan, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, Malaya, India, Indonesia, Papua


1960: February, Republican Chinese Army collapses and flees east, surrending most of central China to the Red Army

1960: May, Siege of Nanjing begins. ROC government flees to Hong Kong

1961: January, IJA withdraws from mainland China. Continues to hold Macau and Hong Kong.

1961: Summer, ROC collapses; survivng military units and refugees flee to Hong Kong, Macau, and Hainan.

1961: October 1, People's Republic of China established

1963: May 25, After a series of discussions and a fear of domination by the three superpowers (USA, USSR, and Japan), African nations decide to side with the Casablanca Bloc and establish a political federation known as the African Union. Each nation will retain de jure independence, but a supranational federal government controls all interstate military, economic, and foreign affairs.

1963: September 16, Federation of Malaya is reorganized into the nation of Malaysia

1967: June 5, Arab-Israeli War of 1967 begins

1967: July 15, Tel Aviv falls. End of the State of Israel.

1967: July, Israel-Palestine divided into adminstrative/occupational regions
IsraeliOccupation copy

Occupation Zones of Israel

  • Jordan administers West Bank
  • AU administers Gaza strip, southern Israel, and western coast
  • Syria administers northeast Israel, with PLO involvement
  • PLO administers northwest Israel and Nazereth area


1974: July 15, The Greek-backed Cyprus National Guard overthrow President Markarios who is replaced by provisional President Nikos Sampson

1974: Arab League and United Nations recognize United Republic of Palestine and their authority over former Israeli territories and Palestine

1974: July 20, Turkey begins Operation Atilla, the invasion of Cyprus

1974: July 23, The ruling Greek military junta, the Regime of the Colonels, collapses

1974: July 24, Constantine Karamanlis is sworn in as Prime Minister of Greece

1974: July 26, Peace talks completely break down and Greece declares war on Turkey

1974: July 28, Turkey expands from its small enclaves in the north to conquer the whole of Cyprus

1974: August 15, Cyprus falls to Turkey

1974: August 30, Turkey defeats Greek Navy off the coast of Rhodes

1974: September 21, Greece sues for peace and Turkey comes under intense international pressure from the United States and United Kingdom

1974: October 10, Treaty of Geneva signed by Turkey and Greece

  • Cyprus ruled by Turkish-dominated Union of Cyprus
  • Greece abandons all support for Greek Cypriot independence and reunification movements and recognizes Turkish territorial claims

1974: November, Government of Constantine Karamanlis falls

1975: November-December: Thousands of Greek Cypriots flee Cyprus due to opposition to Turkish rule. Hundreds of others are expelled by the new Union government for subversive activities

1977: February 1, United Arab Republic formed


1981: May 25, Gulf Cooperation Council formed



2000, June: Election of Bashar Al-Assad to the Presidency of Syria sparks the Damascus Spring, a period of social and political liberalization in Syria.

2000, December: President Al-Assad begins to democratize Syria after the implementation of a new constitution. Syria's democratization is the last obstacle to unity with Lebanon and Palestine.

2005: Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine form the United Arab Confederation.

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