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Timeline of Anse Aux Meadows
Abt 1000 AD
- Leif Ericsson leads the colonization of the Norse to North America
- Successful treaties and trade begin, further supporting the venture.
- Leif Ericsson leads further bands of Norsemen to the New World.
- Leif's brother Thorvald Eiriksson sailed with a crew of 30 men to Newfoundland and spent the following winter at Leif's camp. In the spring, Thorvald moved to attack but stayed his hand, making peace and friendship overtures with nine of the local people who were sleeping under three skin-covered canoes. One of the locals attempted to kill one of the Norsemen, and was killed in defense, but the remaining eight sough peace with the Europeans.
- Although brief peace ensued, the Norse explorers stayed another two winters and left the following spring. A larger force returned to set up a base, further south, and left after the summer finished, for Greenland.
- In 1009 Thorfinn Karlsefni, also known as "Thorfinn the Valiant", supplied three ships with livestock and 160 men and women (although another source sets the number of settlers at 250). After a cruel winter, he headed south and landed at Straumfjord but later moved to Straumsöy, possibly because the current was stronger there. A sign of peaceful relations between the indigenous peoples and the Norsemen is noted here; the two sides bartered with furs and gray squirrel skins for milk and red cloth, which the natives tied around their heads as a sort of headdress.
- Although initially frightened by one of Thorfinn's bulls, the natives were soon pacified, and relations between the two camps increased in peaceful friendship.
- The settlement of Straumsöy grew to such size that colonists from Greenland and Iceland stopped there before continuing further south along the coasts.
- First treaty between the Norse and the First Nations is signed, setting the stage for future interactions.
- A joint capital is established on the island of many hills, which the locals called Manna-hata, but it later became known as Hendifjorði - the bay of oysters, and served as the capital of the region, and eventually all of Vinland.
The Vinland Althing is established.
War between the Vinlanders and the Haudenosaunee loomed large, and several battles were fought along the Muhheakantuck river's course before peace was brokered, and the Haudenosaunee were invited to participate in the Althing. This also increased the reach of the Vinlandik government.
Torbjorn the Black and forty men and women from his village left early in the year, pursuing stories of cities of gold and fountains of eternal youthfulness. They promised to return in three years. No word was heard from that group after their departure.
Massive storms strike Vinland, a most difficult winter. Talk is raised of moving further south, but abandoned. The Althing encourages Vinlanders to move inland within the tidewater, and to establish farms. Aided by the Haudenosaunee, births among the Vinlanders increase, and intermarriages increase in frequency.
When courageous Icelanders make landfall in Markland, they are directed south. It becomes clear that the Vinlandic languages is becoming corrupted, and the charge is given the Icelanders to find teachers and priests to maintain the traditions of their fathers.
Snorri Sturluson arrives by way of Greenland with the last of the refugee Greenlanders. He is taken to the capital, where he is lauded for restoring the stories of Eric, and Leif Ericsson.
Following the traditions colonization established so far, the Vinlanders continue their reach inland along the Åhijå River, and later, the Ejmisyrij and Forugurana Rivers. They also spread south from their capital, discovering the Tysabuk Bay.
A series of cities is established, and a large trading port grows up near the falls of the Kohonigaryton River. By the end of 1400, it has risen to the point of being comparable in size to Hendifjorði. Farming methods of the Vinlanders, paired with the knowledge of the local tribes who by this time had entered into increasing federation with the Vinlandic Althing, lead to a population boom.
Contact is made with the Anijunwija, who bartered for admission to the Althing. An expeditionary force to explore claims of failing empire to the west. Led by Ulf Trygvarssen, they discovered, subdued, entreatied, or otherwise allied themselves with a set of feuding nation states that have been called in the historical records "the Haugbyggja".
With the Anijunwija came contact in 1475 with the Timucua, Calusa and Taquesta peoples. These promised much in the way of fruits and fish, and expeditions were organized, including Vinlanders who settled among them, to teach the ways of the Althing, and the confederation that had been established. There was initial backlash, but after ten years of trade and peaceful interaction, the reach of the Vinlander Althing seemed irresistible, until a trade expedition to the Ljucaj people of the eastward islands in 1492 lead to an encounter of the Vinalnders with others in large sailing ships. The Vinlanders had sent a small force, and they were surprised to see men claiming to be from Europe.