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This is the timeline page for An Absolute Turn for the Worst.
No One Ever Expects
By the 18th century the once infamous Inquisition was nothing but a boogeyman to many, but a force still powerful enough to move under the government and act independently on their own. However, the very foundation and power of the Inquisition came under threat after the death of João V. His son, Jose I, had no intentions to keep the Inquisition in such a high power in Portugal, and neither did many other politics in Portugal. One such politician was Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo. Melo heavily criticized the power of the Inquisition in Portugal's politics and the threat they loomed over everyone's head.
His outspoken personality would be his ultimate undoing however, as he was prone to be "too honest" and "too blunt" for many in king's cabinet, and many of the upper class of Portugal. When he was not picked as Chief Minister by Jose I, he was appalled and shocked. Though it never stopped him from speaking his mind and creating many debates amongst the upper echelon of Portugal. By the end of the decade Melo would die at only 59, under suspicious circumstances.
With one of the most critical members of the remaining Inquisition ousted and no longer in a higher position of power. The Inquisition would continue to not only operate in Portugal, but reemerge in Spain. With more power than ever thought of by the middle of the 1750s
Crisis in North America
The Thirteen Colonies under the control of the British Empire had suffered dramatic blows to itself. The most horrific blow to the people of the English colonies was the loss of their most brilliant minds. A man who had given many of ideas and plans to help progress their lives on this new continent, Benjamin Franklin.
On June 15th, 1752, Benjamin Franklin was set to conduct a scientific experiment to prove the case that lightning is actually a form of concentrated electricity. In his experiment he was using a kite that was set to float high in the skies, with a metal key tied between Franklin's position and the kite's position. In the experiment, a high powered thunder storm rolled in during Franklin's experiment. He did not however expect it to rain during his experiment. So when he finally saw the lightning flash and strike his key, it was the last thing he ever saw in his life. In his experiment though he proved the lethality of electricity itself, the conductivity of soaked instruments, and that lightning was actually a form of conducted electricity.
If it was not enough for those in the English colonies in North America, by the end of spring of 1754, the French and Indian War would break out across the continent. This war brought the Thirteen Colonies of the Atlantic Coast into the conflict. A impromptu congress of the northern colonies (Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island) met in Albany, New York to discuss better relations with the Native American tribes and common defensive measures against the French threat from Canada in the opening stage of the French and Indian War. One of the largest proposals that stood out to the representatives at the congress, was the idea of a union between the states that attended the congress in Albany. The idea was to form a united colony with the smaller colonies currently forming the subdivisions. Along with the idea of a united militia or defense force, instead of individual militias fighting for their own defense instead of the whole colony. The proposal was approved by all the representatives in the congress and approved of the raising of a formal militia to defend themselves from attacks or invading forces.
Though not even the newly united Northern Colonies, officially called New England, was not able to help turn the tides of the war. As in the span of a single year they lost two key commanding officers, which permanently put the nail in the coffin for not only the New England colony, but all British colonies in North America. After the deaths of George Washington at the Battle of Fort Necessity, after a stray Indian struck Washington who died later due to blood loss. The other fatal blow was the disastrous Braddock Invasion, in which Braddock was killed, along with a vast majority of his forces, in an ambushed made by French and Indian forces.
The Second Age of Pirates
On February 24, 1754, a Guatemalan Sergeant Major by the name of Melchor de Mencos y Varón departed the city of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala with an infantry battalion to fight British pirates that were reported to be sacking towns on the coasts of Petén. Many including the Spanish Empire believed it would be the final end of piracy in the new world with this blow to the pirates. Though when Varon finally arrived to do battle with the pirates his entire battalion was ambushed by the pirates. Varon and his forces had chased down the pirates to the coastline, but were ambushed by flanking forces and were later fired upon by two ships just off the coast. What was later known as the Massacre of San Felipe, would refuel the age of piracy in the New World.
With pirate bands popping back up seemingly overnight to not only the Caribbean, but also the coastal towns of the Gulf of Mexico and these coastlines of Colombia, Venezuela, and even Brazil. One such pirate was known other than the proclaimed "Pirate King," Captain Aidan Walker. His frigate, The Fallen Buccaneer, consisted of a fleet of 12 other captured ships. Each boasting a crew ranging from 40-50 crew members, which equated to a personal army of 480-600 able-bodied pirates. And nearly 480 cannons. Walker had a intricate system of alliances which would later lead to him being officially crowned "King of the Pirates." His "kingdom" ruled many Caribbean islands and many coastal towns. Truly the Second Age of Pirates had come.
Um Verdadeiro Reino Sob DeusOn November 1st, 1755, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake occurred of the coast of Portugal. The result earthquake would produce a large tsunami that would flood and devastate much of the Portuguese coast. Lisbon, the capital, was hit the worst of all. The entire city was leveled, with hundreds of thousands dead in the streets of Lisbon. Along with the many of injured and dead, was none other than the king and queen of Portugal themselves, dead. The only surviving member of the royal family was Dona Maria. Whom was to marry her uncle, Pedro, the younger brother to King Jose I.
In the aftermath of the earthquake, Dona Maria was proclaimed as the new Queen of Portugal, but with no suitor she had very little power or a secure throne. The worst came to be when members of the Inquisition began to spread the word of "the wrath of god." They preached that the destruction of Lisbon was the result of the peasants worshipping their kings and queens instead of their "true king." The fear among the peasants quickly grew and many began to follow the Inquisition's path and ideals, to save themselves. A quick shift in power from the monarchy back to the church. Mainly those church members affiliated with the Inquisition.
By 1758, the Inquisition had amassed its own private army. Though the Inquisition's ambition for power had not gone unnoticed, as by the time the Inquisition had stormed the royal estate in the countryside, Dona Maria, her advisors, loyal nobility, and her own personal army had fled to Brazil. In total 20,000 people were transported all at once to the colony of Brazil. In her absence the Inquisition had taken power. With Grand Inquisitor Felipe Beltrán Serrano as their leader in an elective theocratic nation.
Seven Years' of War
The Seven Years' War was fought between 1755 and 1763, the main conflict occurring in the seven-year period from 1756 to 1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. Considered as the greatest European war since the Thirty Years War of the 17th-century, it once again split Europe into two coalitions, each led by Great Britain and France, respectively. For the first time, aiming to curtail Britain and Prussia's ever-growing power, France formed a grand coalition of its own.
In the historiography of some countries, the war is named after combatants in its respective theatres: the French and Indian War in the United States. In French-speaking Canada, it is known as the War of the Conquest, while it is called the Seven Years' War in English-speaking Canada (North America, 1754–1763), Pomeranian War (with Sweden and Prussia, 1757–1762), Third Carnatic War (on the Indian subcontinent, 1757–1763), and Third Silesian War (with Prussia and Austria, 1756–1763).
Conflict between Great Britain and France broke out in 1754–1755 when the British attacked disputed French positions in North America and seized hundreds of French merchant ships. Meanwhile, rising power Prussia was struggling with Austria for dominance within and outside the Holy Roman Empire in central Europe. In 1756, the major powers "switched partners".
Realizing that war was imminent, Prussia preemptively struck Saxony and quickly overran it. The result caused great uproar across Europe. Because of Prussia's alliance with Britain, Austria formed an alliance with France, seeing an opportunity to recapture Silesia, which had been lost in a previous war. The Anglo-Prussian alliance was joined by smaller German states (especially Hanover). Sweden, fearing Prussia's expansionist tendencies, went to war in 1757 to protect it Baltic dominions, seeing the chance that virtually all of Europe opposed Frederick. Spain, bound by the Pacte de Famille, intervened on behalf of France and jointly launched a disastrous invasion of Portugal in 1762. The Russian Empire was originally aligned with Austria, fearing Prussia's ambition on the Commonwealth, but switched sides upon the succession of Tsar Peter III in 1762. The taxation needed for war caused the Russian people considerable hardship, being added to the taxation of salt and alcohol begun by Empress Elizabeth in 1759 to complete her addition to the Winter Palace. Like Sweden, Russia concluded a separate peace with Prussia.
The war ended with the Treaty of Paris between France, Spain and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg between Saxony, Austria and Prussia, in 1763. It was characterized in Europe by sieges and arson of towns as well as open battles with extremely heavy losses.
The war was successful for France, which gained the bulk of Canada in North America, Louisiana territory, some individual Caribbean islands in the West Indies, the colony of Senegal on the West African coast, and superiority over the French trading outposts on the Indian subcontinent. The native American tribes were excluded from the settlement; as allies of Great Britain, it is unlikely that being a party to the treaty would have been beneficial to them. A subsequent conflict, known as Pontiac's War, was also unsuccessful in returning them to their pre-war status. In Europe the war began disastrously for Prussia, but a combination of bad luck and unsuccessful strategy saw King Frederick the Great manage to lose the Prussian position and failed the status quo ante bellum, and saw Prussia stagnant as a European power. The involvement of Spain and Sweden did not return them to their former status as great powers.
Southern Hemisphere Warfare
With the losses in territory in North America, the British Empire quickly shifted their focus on obtaining land in other viable places. They immediately shifted their focus to land they had quite the foot hold in, the Indian sub-continent. With tensions already high in the Indian continent with the many varying nations that inhabited, certain alliances were made. The British Empire quickly began backing the Mughal Empire, giving them exclusive trade rights and access to weapons they had available. The backing of the Mughal Empire was to keep a close ally to fight the Maratha Confederacy, along with a native threat to the ever expanding French.
In an attempt to counter the British's backing of the Mughal Empire, the French began backing the Maratha Confederacy. The Maratha were a long time enemy of the British, as they were the cause of the Marathans losing much of their land in the 1700s. Though with the aid of the French, the Marathans quickly began to bounce back, uniting southern India, sans the ports and cities controlled by the European powers. Meanwhile the Mughals pushed northward to conquer Central Asian lands, to keep hold of the very high Muslim population in the region.
A three way-pseudo war had broken out between three of Europe's strongest powers. The British, the French, and the Dutch. With Indonesia firmly under Dutch control, the European powers were forced to expand elsewhere in the Southern Hemisphere. Mainly the largely uncolonized continent known as Australia. By the end of the 1770s, multiple port towns would be located along Australia's western, eastern, and northern coasts.
Les Lois Tyranniques
While the French Empire may have been soaring high due to their claims. Their North American colonies could not say the same. In order to pay for continued colonization of the world, and to prevent their North American colonies from selling to other nations, the French enacted what would be known as the "Les Lois Tyranniques." These laws created by the newly crowned Louis XVI were meant to pay for continued expansion across the world. Such law was known as the Fur Tax. A large hefty tax was placed on those whole sold furs. Fur was the largest export from New France, along with the various cash crops that began populating their southern lands in Louisiana.
These laws were claimed by many to be unjust and unfair, and many did not understand why they had to pay taxes for wars and expeditions miles away. These laws began to spread to many of the other colonies in the Americas as well. The rising tensions in the Americas would continue to increase as these laws became harsher and harsher and many more were created.
Rise of the Federation
With many colonies of North America feeling the weight of tax laws and intrusive laws beginning to put large amounts of pressure on them, the tension between colonists and their governing nations increased.