- 1625: Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria have healthy twins. They grow up to be Louis XIV and Philip I, of France and Sicily respectively.
- 1640: The King sends Philip to the front line to learn military tactics and strategy. He leads a small force of French to several small victories.
- 1645: 20 year old Philip is sent by Cardinal Mazarin (who was de facto ruler of France) to lead a French army 5,000 strong to train and assist a Neapolitan revolt against the Spanish. He succeeds beyond all expectations, liberating the boot of Italy with a trained and disciplined Neapolitan army. By the end of the year he is ready for an invasion of Sicily.
- 1646: Sicily is liberated from the Spanish. The people fall in love with Philip for freeing them from the cruel Spanish barons (probably the reforms he gave out).
- 1647: A joint Franco-Sicilian force under Philip capture Sardinia from the Spaniards.
- 1648: The Treaty of Westphalia. There are two notable changes from OTL.
- One - The three liberated territories of Naples, Sicily and Sardinia, along with Malta, are to be ceded to Philip for a large sum of money. He becomes the first ruler of the "Kingdom of Sicily" (encompasing all three lands). He also becomes Duke of Malta.
- Two - In compensation, Spain also gets an expanded territory in the Netherlands and certain navigational and trade rights in the the newly founded Kingdom.
Philip sets up a temporary capital at Cagliari, where the bulk of his army was stationed after driving out the Spaniards. He begins to set up a bureaucracy using both French administrators and decent Italian ones that served under the Spanish.
The War of the Deluge began, and lasts well into the 1660's. Poland-Lithuania is forced to cede vast tracts of land to the victorious powers.
- 1649: Philip is finally crowned at Palermo. The day after he is married to Joan of Portugal.
- 1650: Philip and Joan have their first healthy child, Philip II. King Philip institutes programs to entice artists and scholars back to Sicily, maximize agricultural output, and in general modernize this backward part of Europe.
- 1655: The Great Northern wars, fought between Sweden and Poland-Lithuania, Denmark and Russia, begin. They last into 1662, and cement Sweden's undisputed mastery of the Baltic.
- 1655: For the first time in decades, Southern Italy becomes the net exporter of food.
- 1660: A group of art styles known collectively as Sicilian Baroque gains prominence in Italy. In order to help run his country, Philip allows Jews back into his Kingdom. Thousands come, refugees from wars in Poland.
- 1664: China is de facto partitioned between the Qing and Ming Dynasties, with the border on the Yangtze river.
- 1670's: The Great Ottoman Crusades begin. The war lasts for thirty years and halts Turkey's expansion into Europe. The Ottomans are forced to cede huge tracts of land to Austria, Russia, Venice and Poland, as well as pay indemnities.
- This decade also marks the beginnings of the Sicilian Enlightenment, sparked by the French Enlightenment. This era would produce such scholars and philosophers as Chaim Baggio, Georgio de Corleone, and Roberto Pieri. It would put Sicily at the center stage of art and culture on the Italian Peninsula.
- The beginning of Sicilian Centralization. Gradually power is taken away from the nobles. The Army is standardized and a bureaucracy staffed by skilled natives and foreigners (many of them Jews) is set up. The glory of the state is personified in the King. Philip is given the title 'the Mighty' in his final years for pulling Southern Italy out of the dump.
- Catholic missionaries begin to arrive in Tunisia. The Ottomans can't object, because an attack on Sicily would provoke France into joining the Crusades. Missionaries are sent all over the world, setting up churches in India, Tibet, South America and the Caribbean.
- 1674: The Italian Trading Company is founded by Giovani Arrezo in Florence. He finds investors in Antwerp, Palermo, Paris, Frankfurt and Amsterdam, with Prince Philip being the main investor. The first trading post is established in Cochin. By 1720, offices start sprouting up along the world. The Venetian Merchants Union is founded in response, but is less successful.
- 1691: James III of England, Ireland and Scotland is overthrown by Fredrick William of Orange. This leads to the union of the British Isles and the United Provinces.
- 1695: The last remaining Italian possession of the Spanish crown, Milan, is partitioned between Venice and Savoy
- 1698-1701: War of Florentine Succession: In an attempt to regain lost land in Italy, the Spanish attack the Grand Duchy of Tuscany after the Medici Duke dies with no heirs. They bring along most of the Central Italian city-states and Genoa. The plan backfires and the Tuscan people drive the invaders out and elect their leader, Mateo de Arezzo (nephew of Giovani Arrezo) as King of Tuscany. At the peace conference in 1700, the Kingdom of Tuscany receives most of the central Italian states, as well as Corsica.
- 1701: The Venetian Empire reaches its zeneth, directly controling territory stretching from Lombardy to Cyprus, and directly controlling trading posts in Africa and India.
- 1710: Republic War: Sicily invades and defeats the Most Serene Republic of Ragusa. annexation gives the Sicilians a small foothold on the Dalmatian Coast.
- 1714: The personal union between England and Scotland is broken. England (which included Wales and the United Provinces) accepted Prince Charles Frederick of Saxony as King Charles III. Scotland and Ireland accepted the Franciscan pretender James as King James VIII. The British Colonial Empire was partitioned between the two successor states.
- 1717: King Philip II is assassinated by poisoning in Palermo. His reign was uneventful, with the exception of the prosperity and wealth brought in from trade with India. Since Philip died with no heirs, and both of his brothers had passed away, his nephew Henry inherited.
- 1717-1720: King Henry's War destroys the Golden Age of Venice. Henry declared war, with the cause being supposed Venetian assassins behind old king Philip's demise. Venice is crushed militarily and her overseas assets are seized. Sicily annexes the rest of Dalmatia and Morea. Crete, Rhodes and Cyprus are left to Venice to defend against the Turks. The Venetian Merchants Union is forced to capitulate most trading posts in Africa and India.
- 1720s: The Industrial Revolution is started in the southern lands of the Holy Roman Empire. Bavarian, Bohemian and Hessian engineers begin using the Anglo-Dutch steam engine to pump out mines. Weaving factories utilizing water power and the Flying Shuttle (invented earlier than OTL) sprout up in Munich, Prague and Stuttgart. Southern German states and England-Holland grow rich and become the first industrialized countries.
- 1721-1728: Ducal Wars. Duke Fredrick Henry of Prussia expands his crown in Bradenburg by swallowing up several Bisophrics, Countys and Duchies. The Holy Roman Emperor Charles grants him the title 'King of Brandenburg-Prussia'.
- 1741-1754:War of Saxon Succession. King William Fredrick of Brandenburg is named heir to the Saxon throne. The English push their claim. France backs Prussia; Scotland backs France; Spain, Austria and Poland back England, and Russia; Sweden and Sicily stay neutral.