Alternate History

Time in Alaska (Russian America)

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Time Zones of Alaska (Russian America)

The three time zones of Alaska.

Time in Alaska (Russian: время в Аляски, vremya v Alyaski) is divided between three official time zones which span across the 18 governorates of the Alaskan Democratic Federative Republic. Two additional time zones are unofficially used in the easternmost and westernmost portions of Alaska.

For practical purposes, all of Alaska's time zones are kept in sync with those of Borealia, Mexico, and the United States. Despite their cultural and historic connections, Alaska is currently a day behind the Russian Federation (divided by the International Date Line).


Throughout the 19th Century, Alaska was an integral part of the larger Russian Empire. Cities and villages across Russia commonly employed their own local mean time, which was based on the position of the Sun. Since this practice was commonly used across the world, combined with the rarity of long-distance travel, the use of local time would be prevalent until the early 20th Century.

The use of local times became impractical by the 1870s with the expansion and utilization of railroads. Rather than going through the hassle of calculating the many local times in use, railroads began to operate on their own timetables (marking the beginning of time zones as we know them today). Unlike the United States (which was partitioned into three time zones), railroads across the Russian Empire officially used a single time zone (the local time of the Tsarskoselsky Railway Station in Saint Petersburg). In practice, this meant that Russian American railroads operated on a timetable which was 10 hours over the local time, which also had the consequence of placing the territory west of the International Date Line (opposite their continental neighbors). Because of these confusing times, some railroads (particularly in the south) unofficially used their own timetables which were on-par with the USA).

In 1916, the State Duma of the American Krai proposed the establishment of three to five time zones within the territory (as well as being moved east of the International Date Line). These proposals were never implemented, as Alaska declared their independence from the Russian Empire just months later. It wouldn't be until the 1920s that the break-away republics would formally standardized their times. Following the reunification of Alaska, all of the pre-existing time zones would remain in effect, giving Alaska a grand total of seven time zones spanning from seven to 13 hours behind the Prime Meridian. During this same period, the Soviet Union would formally adopt a 24-hour clock. Despite some support for a similar shift, Alaska would continue to use a 12-hour clock.

In late 1956, President Igor Voronov proposed shrinking Alaska's seven time zones down to only three. These proposals were in direct response to the nation's modernization and urbanization projects orchestrated by Voronov and his predecessor, Ivan Gnatyshin. The three proposed time zones were to be designated based on a color code: red, white, and blue. Red Time (Russian: Красное время, Krasnoye vremya) would be 10 hours behind the Prime Meridian. White Time (Белое время, Beloye vremya) would be nine hours behind. Blue Time (Синее время, Sineye vremya) would be eight hours behind. Under the proposal, New Archangel would be located in the central zone, with the remaining two being an hour ahead or behind the capital.

Despite being phased-out, two additional time zones continue to be unofficially used to some degree. Idaho and the Oregon Panhandle would continue to use Mountain Time (colloquially nicknamed "Azure Time"). In the west, Aleutia and Bering would continue to use Bering Time ("Pink Time"). The continued use of these time zones has been in decline over the past few years, with their current use being limited to local economics.

List of Time Zones

Time Zone Standard Time Daylight Time Governorates
Blue Time
(Синее время)
 Flag of Columbia (Russian America) Columbia
 Flag of Idaho (Russian America) Idaho
 Flag of New Caledonia (Russian America) New Caledonia
 Flag of Oregon (Russian America) Oregon
 California Lone Star Flag 1836 Sonoma
 Flag of Vancouver Island Vancouver Island
White Time
(Белое вармя)
 Flag of the Far North (Russian America) Far North
 Flag of New Caledonia (Russian America) New Caledonia
 Flag of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Russian America) Queen Charlotte Islands
 Flag of Sitka (Russian America) Sitka
 Flag of Tongass (Russian America) Tongass
 Flag of Yakutat (Russian America) Yakutat
 Flag of Yukon (Russian America) Yukon
Red Time
(Красное время)
 Flag of Aleutia (Russian America) Aleutia
Flag of Bering (Russian America) Bering
 Flag of the Far North (Russian America) Far North
 Flag of Kenai (Russian America) Kenai
 Flag of Cornwall Kodiak
 Flag of New Irkutsk (Russian America) New Irkutsk
 Flag of Shelikof (Russian America) Shelikof

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