The Kingdom of Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་རྒྱལ་ཁབ, bod rgyal khab), colloquially known as Tibet (བོད་, bod), is a sovereign state located in South Asia. The nation is bordered in the north by Mongolia and Uyghurstan; in the east by China; in the south by Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Sikkim; and in the west by Pakistan. Tibet is a constitutional monarchy, with the 14th Dalai Lama as both the nation's king and spiritual leader of the state religion (Tibetan Buddhism).
The modern nation of Tibet can trace their origins back to the collapse of the North Qing Dynasty in 1912. An absolute monarchy and theocracy was proclaimed in July of that year, and would remain nominally independent until the 1930s. As a precursor to World War II, the Xian Dynasty would recapture Tibet and occupy the territory until their defeat in 1945. Tibet would become a trust territory of the United Nations (under British administration in 1947 and achieve full independence in 1952. Under the reign of the 14th Dalai Lama, Tibet would transition into a democracy.