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Official Presidential portrait of Thomas Jefferson (by Rembrandt Peale, 1800)

Thomas Jefferson (b. April 13 1743 - d. July 4, 1826) was a famous founding father during the American Revolution. He both helped write and signed the Declaration of Independence. After America achieved its independence, Thomas Jefferson joined his old friends, President Washington and vice-president Adams, as the first Secretary of State. When Adams took the oath of office in 1797, Jefferson became a America's 2nd vice-president. He'd always hoped for an agrarian America, a nation of independent farmers without the need for trade. Also, Jefferson eventually succeeded his old friend Adams and became the 3rd president of the American Republic of Freedom. He once wanted to buy the New Orleans Territory because of good farming, but Napoleon chose to sell him his entire Louisiana Territory. After the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson commissioned two explorers, Meriwhether Lewis and William Clark to explore it. While doing so, the two even went beyond the purchase and found the Pacific Ocean. Jefferson hoped that increasing the size of the nation would provide more farming land for a "agrarian utopia". Remembering that he wrote in the Declaration of Independence "all men are created equal", Jefferson realized it had to mean 'all men', no matter their race. In 1804, the near end of his Presidency, Jefferson made a public decision in Jamestown, Viriginia to free the slaves he owned, granted them freedom and privileges similar to other Americans. Many in Congress agreed with him, because they were so heavily influenced by him and Washington. After the public releasing of the Jefferson slaves, Jefferson outlawed slavery all together, any slaves within America's borders were to be released to live their lives their way, and they were. At this event, Jefferson spoke; "When my companions and I helped to forge this nation's new government, I wrote that 'all men are created equal', so now, I am proving how dedicated i truly am to my promises and proclamations. I hope to set an example not only for Americans of the future, but for the rest of the world, so that all men may live in peace, happiness, liberty, unity, and prosperity. So I do say here and now, that this country, under the lord, shall have a new birth of freedom for all, that the consent of the governed and the concept of a government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall never perish from this planet." This speech was so influential to the government and the people, that it lives forever, named as Jefferson's Virginia Address. Eventually, Jefferson would be succeeded from office by fellow Son of Liberty, John Hancock.

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