Thomas Fairfax
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

General Thomas Fairfax (1612-1671) by Robert Walker and studio
Portrait of Thomas Fairfax

Lord General (commander-in-chief) of all Parliament's land forces / Commonwealth land forces in England and Ireland.
July 1647 – June 1650

Predecessor (Created)
Successor Oliver Cromwell

Lord General of the Commonwealth Army/ British Army
1660 –

Lord of Mann
1651 – 1671

Predecessor James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
Governor of the Isle of Man
Born 17 January 1612
Denton Hall, Yorkshire, England
Died 12 November 1671 (aged 59)
Nunappleton, Yorkshire Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Spouse Anne de Vere (married June 1637, died on 16 Oct. 1665)
Political Party Independent pro Commonwealth
Religion Presbyterian, Church of England
Profession Politician, soldier

Nec tibi quid liceat, sed quid fecisse decebit
Occurrat, mentemque domet respectus honesti.
(Claudianus, De Quarto Consulatu Honorii Augusti Panegyris, CCLXVII.)
Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (17 January 1612 – 12 November 1671) was a general and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War. An adept and talented commander, Fairfax led Parliament to many victories, notably the crucial battle of Naseby, becoming effectively military ruler of the new republic, but was eventually overshadowed by his subordinate Oliver Cromwell, who was more politically adept and radical in action against Charles I. Fairfax became unhappy with Cromwell's policy and publicly refused to take part in Charles's show trial. Eventually he resigned leaving Cromwell to control the republic.

In 1654 Fairfax was elected MP for the newly created constituency of West Riding in the First Protectorate Parliament. He received a pension of £5,000 a year, and lived in retirement at his Yorkshire home of Nunappleton until after the death of the Lord Protector in 1658.

Political career

Member of Parliament for Cirencester (February-December 1648), Yorkshire-West Riding (September 1654 - January 1655), Yorkshire (August 1659-1662), member of the Other House (1662-1663), named Senator (1663-...).

Member of the council of State (1649-1650). named Lord of Mann for the period 1651–1671.