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République Française
French Republic
Timeline: Quebec Independence
Preceded by 1870-1922 Succeeded by
Flag of France Second French Empire Flag of Philippe Pétain, Chief of State of Vichy France Third French Empire
Flag of France Francecoatofarms1898-2
Flag of French Republic Coat of Arms of French Republic

Motto
Liberté, égalité, fraternité (French)

Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Capital: Paris
Largest city: Paris
Language: French
Religion: Catholicism
Ethnic group: French
Type of government: Parliamentary Republic
Currency: French Franc

The Third French Republic governed France from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War until the seizure of power by Charles de Gaulle in 1922. Originally meant to be a provisional government until a suitable monarch was found, though confusion over the suitable candidate would result in the republican government becoming permanent. The government was divided between the conservative, militant right, and the reformist left.

During the last part of the 1800s, France went on a colonial scramble in Africa and Asia, and later the New World. Repeated French ignorance of the British "Atlantic Doctrine" would result in a falling out between the two powers. Britain would join with France's enemy Germany. The right would lead France into World War I. After four years of fighting across northern France and the deaths of nearly 2 million, France was defeated. The socialist left took control of the government, and attempt to restore stability during the tumultuous years after the war. In the meantime, the right rallied around Charles de Gaulle and his ideology of devoirism. The 1922 March on Paris resulted in the overthrow of the Third Republic, replaced by the devoirist Third French Empire.

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