The Third French Republic governed France from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War until the seizure of power by Charles de Gaulle in 1934. Originally meant to be a provisional government until a suitable monarch was found, though confusion over the suitable candidate would result in the republican government becoming permanent. The government was divided between the conservative, militant right, and the reformist left.
During the last part of the 1800s, France went on a colonial scramble in Africa and Asia, and later the New World. Repeated French ignorance of the British "Atlantic Doctrine" would result in a falling out between the two powers. Britain would join with France's enemy Germany. The right would lead France into World War I. After four years of fighting across northern France and the deaths of nearly 2 million, France was defeated. The socialist left took control of the government, and attempt to restore stability during the tumultuous 1920s. In the meantime, the right rallied around Charles de Gaulle and his ideology of Lyonism. As the Great Depression took France by storm, de Gaulle would be elected President in 1934 and transition the republic into the Third French Empire.