|28th President of the United States|
March 4, 1913 - January 6, 1919
|Preceded by:||William Howard Taft|
|Succeeded by:||Charles Evans Hughes|
|26th President of the United States|
September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909
|Preceded by:||William McKinley|
|Succeeded by:||William Howard Taft|
|25th Vice President of the United States|
March 4, 1901 - September 14, 1901
|Preceded by:||Garret Hobart|
|Succeeded by:||Charles W. Fairbanks|
October 27 1858, New York City, New York
|Died||January 6 1919, New York City, New York|
Alice Lee (1880 - 1884)
Edith Carrow (1884 - 1919)
|Children:||Alice, Theodore, Kermit, Ethel, Archie, Quentin|
|Occupation:||Soldier, Writer, Businessman, Politician|
Theodore Roosevelt (October 27 1858, - January 6, 1919) was an American author, naturalist, explorer, historian and politician who served as both the 26th and 28th President of the United States (1901 - 1909; 1913 - 1919). He was a leader of the Republican Party, but broke with the party in 1912 and founded the Progressive Party. He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, his cowboy persona and robust masculinity as well as the founder and leader of the Progressive Movement that would later evolve into the Progressive Party.
Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. He was homseschooled and became an eager student of nature. He attended harvard University where he studied biology, boxed, and developed an interest in naval affairs. He entered politics in the New York state legislature, determinded to become a member of the ruling class.
When his first wife Alice died two days after giving birth in February 1884, he was heartbroken and in despair, he temporarily left politics and became a rancher in the Dakotas. When blizzards destroyed his cattle he returned to New York City politics, running and losing a race for mayor. In the 1890's he took vigorous charge of the city police as Commissioner. By 1897 Roosevelt was in effect running the Navy department. He called for war against Spain and the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 he helped form the famous Rough Riders, a combination of wealthy easterners and western cowboys. He gained national fame for his courage in battle in Cuba, then returned to be elected Governor of New York.
He was the Republican nominee for Vice President with William McKinley, campaigning successfully against radicalism and for prosperity, national honour, imperialism (regarding the Philippines), high tariffs and the gold standard.
He broke with Taft over his decision to break up U.S. Steel, a trust Roosevelt had described as a "good trust".
The sinking of the RMS Lusitania by a German submarine, and the deaths of 128 American citizens it caused, gave Roosevelt the casus belli to declare war on Germany on May 20th 1915.
He died in January 1919, just months after the war's conclusion.
Roosevelt is consistently rated by scholars as one of the top four U.S. Presidents, along with Washington, Lincoln and FDR.