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Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive Success)

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Theodore Roosevelt
T Roosevelt
28th President of the United States
In office:

March 4, 1913 - January 6, 1919

Preceded by: William Howard Taft
Succeeded by: Charles Evans Hughes
26th President of the United States
In office:

September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909

Preceded by: William McKinley
Succeeded by: William Howard Taft
25th Vice President of the United States
In office:

March 4, 1901 - September 14, 1901

Preceded by: Garret Hobart
Succeeded by: Charles W. Fairbanks
Biography
Born:

October 27 1858, New York City, New York

Died January 6 1919, New York City, New York
Nationality: American
Political party:

Republican

Progressive

Spouse:

Alice Lee (1880 - 1884)

Edith Carrow (1884 - 1919)

Children: Alice, Theodore, Kermit, Ethel, Archie, Quentin
Alma mater:

Harvard University

Columbia University

Occupation: Soldier, Writer, Businessman, Politician
Religion: Dutch Reformed 

Theodore Roosevelt (October 27 1858, - January 6, 1919) was an American author, naturalist, explorer, historian and politician who served as both the 26th and 28th President of the United States (1901 - 1909; 1913 - 1919). He was a leader of the Republican Party, but broke with the party in 1912 and founded the Progressive Party. He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, his cowboy persona and robust masculinity as well as the founder and leader of the Progressive Movement that would later evolve into the Progressive Party.

Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. He was homseschooled and became an eager student of nature. He attended harvard University where he studied biology, boxed, and developed an interest in naval affairs. He entered politics in the New York state legislature, determinded to become a member of the ruling class.

When his first wife Alice died two days after giving birth in February 1884, he was heartbroken and in despair, he temporarily left politics and became a rancher in the Dakotas. When blizzards destroyed his cattle he returned to New York City politics, running and losing a race for mayor. In the 1890's he took vigorous charge of the city police as Commissioner. By 1897 Roosevelt was in effect running the Navy department. He called for war against Spain and the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 he helped form the famous Rough Riders, a combination of wealthy easterners and western cowboys. He gained national fame for his courage in battle in Cuba, then returned to be elected Governor of New York.

He was the Republican nominee for Vice President with William McKinley, campaigning successfully against radicalism and for prosperity, national honour, imperialism (regarding the Philippines), high tariffs and the gold standard.

He broke with Taft over his decision to break up U.S. Steel, a trust Roosevelt had described as a "good trust".

The sinking of the RMS Lusitania by a German submarine, and the deaths of 128 American citizens it caused, gave Roosevelt the casus belli to declare war on Germany on May 20th 1915.

He died in January 1919, just months after the war's conclusion.

Roosevelt is consistently rated by scholars as one of the top four U.S. Presidents, along with Washington, Lincoln and FDR.

Early Life

Education

First marriage and widowhood

First Presidency 1901 - 1909

Second Presidency 1913 - 1919

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