Theodore's Revolution
Principia Moderni III
English Revolution of 1688
The first meeting of the restored Imperial Senate, 1635.
Date 1635-1636
Location Roman Empire
Result Restoration of the Imperial Senate
Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present Roman Empire
  • Flag of Palaeologus Emperor (stretched) Roman Army
  • Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century Roman Navy
  • Flag of Reme Reman Volunteers


  • Supposed Serbian Empire flag Kingdom of Serbia
  • Flag of Taurica Duchy of Gothia
  • Phoenician Flag Principality of Phoenicia
  • 25px Principality of Albania
  • Flag of The Latin Empire Latin Rebels
Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present Roman Counter-Revolutionaries
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present Andronikos V Palaiologos
  • Flag of Palaeologus Emperor (stretched) Theodore von Chersenosos
  • Flag of Palaeologus Emperor (stretched) Thomas Doukos
  • Byzantine imperial flag, 14th century John Strategoupolos

Supposed Serbian Empire flag Stephen Dusan IV Lazarević

Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present John Notaras
Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present50,000 Flag of the Roman Empire 1265-Present10,000

Theodore's Revolution (Epanástasi̱ Theodó̱rou in Greek), also known as the Revolution of 1635 or the Senatorial Revolution, was an armed conflict that took place in the Roman Empire. Instigated by a palace coup in Constantinople by disatisfied nobles, the Revolution expanded across Greece and the Empire's various Archonates. 



The overall cause of the revolution was the increasing lack of influence other minorities had over the Empire and its affairs. Even though they could control their own affairs, they were still forced to attend to the Empire's needs, wars, and taxes, which sometimes they didn't have interest in doing. 

To solve this problem, the various leaders of the Archonates, led by Stephen Dusan IV Lazarević, the King of Serbia and the strongest of the Archons. In Constantinople, they surrounded cut Andronikos V off from his guards and forced him at the point of a sword to give into their demands. A relatively weak ruler, Andronikos V complied.

The Imperial Senate was to be recreated and each Archonate would be guaranteed two senators. These senators would ensure that the interests of the various Archons would be represented and that the Emperor could not turn a blind eye to the needs of the minorities.


News of the Revolution and its effects was not well received by most of the Empire's Greek population, as the plans for the Senate never stated anything about the affairs of the Greeks and if they would be represented. At first the Archons did not believe the Greek Despotates needed to be represented, as they had a Greek for an Emperor. However, this caused many Greeks to be incensed, and several counter-revolutionary armies rose in revolt.

Fearing the power and number of the Greeks would swiftly overcome the new Senate, the Archons declared vaguely that the Greeks would be represented. This caused further complication, as the population wasn't sure if all the Despotates would be represented with two senators each.

Theodore's Entrance

With the dispute raging across Greece, salvation came from Egypt. General Theodore von Chersenosos, the leader of the Roman armies in Egypt and a seasoned military commander, returned from Egypt and gathered a strong loyal army from Greeks and minorities alike. A dedicated republican, Theodore von Chersenosos believes strongly in the Archons' mission. Faced with such outstanding support, the first Imperial Senate declared Theodore Consul of the Roman Empire.

With this newfound authority, Theodore declared that the various Despotates of Greece would unite into a single Kingdom of Greece with equal representation in the Imperial Senate. With both the government and the military on his side, Theodore quickly crushed the counter-revolutionaries.

The Latin Question

The idea of a Kingdom of Greece satisfied much of the populace, but the Latin people of Achaea were not satisfied. As one of the most integrated and important ethnic groups in the Empire's army and trade organizations, the Latins were not content to allow Greeks to represent them, nor were Greeks willing to let the Achaea region be ruled by Latins.

To solve the problem, Theodore made sure that a Duke of the Latins was crowned, and he and two appointees of his choosing would represent the issues facing the Latin people to the King of Greece, who would ensure that the interests of the Latins would also be part of the Greek senator's interests.

With that problem solved, Thomas Strategoupolos was crowned the first King of Greece and Francesco de Patra the first Duke of the Latins.

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