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The Great War (1914-1920)Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on June 28th 1914, causing Austria-Hungary to attack Serbia and having Russia come to Serbia's defense. Germany and Italy, Allied with Austria-Hungary, joins the war and attacks Russia causing Russia's Allies France and the United Kingdom to join the war. The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain stay neutral for most of the war until 1916. The Great War was proved to be the deadliest war in European history with an estimated 13 million military and 9 million civilian deaths.
During October 1917, the Bolshevik movement in Russia headed by Vladimir Lenin failed miserably and many of those involved including Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky were executed via firing squad in May 1918. After the fall of Brussels and Amsterdam to Germany in September 1918, the Entente begs the United States to join the war. However, US president Charles Evans Hughes decides to stay neutral throughout the war. On the eastern scene, however, the Republic of China begins to fall apart as a result of the war with Japan as Chinese President Yuan Shikai begins to regret joining the central powers. However, a revolution in 1919 topples the autocratic military government and China becomes de facto neutral throughout the last days of the war. Russia agrees to drop out of the war in July 1919 after many protests.
100 years ago today, The Great War ended and it was the last large scale conflict that Europe would ever see again after the 1920 Treaty of Hamburg was signed on August 21st, effectively ending the war. The treaty was signed and ratified by the Entente and Central powers and acted as a compromise between the two sides. The treaty proved to effectively end a millennia of ongoing conflicts.
Great Powers: Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United States
Superpowers: British Empire
The Treaty of Hamburg (1920)The treaty is as states:
- The German Empire shall be reformed into a constitutional monarchy, with Emperor Wilhelm II's title reduced to king and all kings below him are therefore reduced to princes. The Chancellor of the Kingdom of Germany is the head of government and a democratic constitution must be formed. Germany has the authority to keep her imperial land.
- The Republic of Poland is hereby founded, Germany and Russia must respect the independence of this new nation. The United Kingdom and the Third French Republic are obligated to defend Poland's sovereignty during times of great need.
- The Ottoman Empire shall be abolished and replaced with the Turkish Sultanate under a constitutional monarchy, as a carving of the middle east forms the independent nations of Transjordan, The Levant, Mesopotamia and Kurdistan.
- The Kingdom of Yugoslavia shall be formed uniting the Croats, Serbs, Bosniaks and most other south Slav groups.
- The fall of Austria-Hungary shall create the independent nations of Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
- The Russian Republic Shall respect the independence of not only Poland but also Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- The transfer of Alsace-Lorraine and Northern Schlewig-Holstein from Germany to France & Denmark respectively.
The Economic Boom (1920-1935)
The Great War has proven effective for business, this six year war has caused not only technological advances but social ones too. By 1925 most European nations have given women the right to vote among other things. Russia has begun to see major oil wealth as Minister-Chairman Alexander Kerensky explores the vast oil reserves in Siberia. However, tensions between the Turks and Greeks rise as the split of the city of Constantinopole forces over a million Turks off the European continent and into Asia Minor. Meanwhile in Eastern Europe hundreds of thousands of Belarussians and Ukrainians move en masse from Poland and into the Russian Republic.
In China, the new President Zhong Sun orders the mass construction of armaments and recruitment of soldiers in case of another war with Japan. The republics of Uyghuristan, Mongolia, Manchuria and the Kingdom of Tibet have been independent since the Chinese revolution of 1919. However, they act as satellite states of China, with the exception of Manchuria, which acts as a satellite state of both China and Japan. This situation causes a divide in the Manchurian government where one side supports the Chinese and the other supports the Japanese.
A great new era begins in the western world as economies throughout Europe and North America transfer from wartime into proper industrial economies. Many inventions are made during this time, the most important of these are the consumer radio in 1921, advanced motor automobile in 1923 and the vision box in 1934. The era of economic and technological wonders came to an end in 1935 following the great market crash on February 5th.
Polish president Jurek Antol agreed to cede Belarussian and Ukrainian dominated land to the Russian Republic in 1935, just months before the world would begin to suffer from the largest economic crisis known to man.
Great Powers: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United States
Superpowers: British Empire
The Great Depression (1935-1952)
Most of the world's economy was situated in Europe. The most powerful currencies in the world in the 30's were the German Papiermark, British Pound, American Dollar, Russian Ruble and French Franc. The only European nation that did not suffer was the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which transferred from a constitutional to an absolute monarchy in 1936 when King Alexander I turned the country into a mass producing paradise of weaponry and technical supplies, this economic boom in Yugoslavia has caused Bulgaria to eagerly join Yugoslavia in 1937. In desperation and in need of union, Moldova joined Romania in 1938 and Austria joined Germany in 1939. However, this attempt at stabilizing the economies of these countries does not work too well.
The spring of 1939 saw the rise of a dictator in Mexico who returned the country into a constitutional monarchy, dubbed "The Third Mexican Empire" which annexed all of Central America, Cuba and the island of Hispaniola. These acts were justified under the goal of united Hispanic America as one country and one empire. On January 1940, the United States began to fall apart as congress voted 362-173 to turn the united states into a loose confederation of six regions with their own semi-presidential systems. The great depression had the strange affect of uniting and breaking countries apart depending on the situation.
1941 has seen a major revolution in Russia as a result of the people's dissatisfaction with how dictator Alexander Kerensky controls the economy, who ends up being overthrown and a new parliamentary system is placed, turning Russia into a democracy.World economies took a turn for the worst in 1942, which was dubbed the worst year of the depression, stock prices were still higher than they were in 1938. However, unemployment was at an all time high. Italy suffered from a 62% unemployment rate which was so bad that the country split in half in 1943 and would not be reunited until 1960. The United States varied depending on the country in the confederation, the Northeast Republic had a 37% unemployment rate while Dixie Republic suffered from 45%. Things were so bad that it sparked a series of major wars in Asia and nearly torn the world apart. However, things took a turn for the better in 1945 when Asian countries started asking Europe and North America for support and armaments, which in return made unemployment fall on average 7% a year until things stabilized in 1950, around the time the United States became a united federation again.
The era of economic troubles officially ended in 1952, but the wars in Asia would last a couple more years. Meanwhile in India, a civil war occurs between Hindu nationalists and the British Empire which lasts from 1946 until 1953 when most of India gains independence, the Republic of Hindustan is formed. Months later the Statute of Westminster is ratified, turning Canada and Oceania into independent commonwealth nations that share the British constitution.
Great Powers: China, France, Germany, Japan, Russia, Spain
Superpowers: British Empire
The Great Wars of Asia (1936-1954)Japan and China's economies massively grew in the late 1920's and early 1930's and tensions between these two empires began to grow in 1935 after the great depression began to damage the world economy. Both China and Japan had an urge to expand their influence in East Asia. However, that would require a war between the two nations. China attacked Japanese Korea in March 1936, kick starting the first Great Asian War. This was lasted for 3 years and resulted in China occupying Northern Korea and Japan occupying Taiwan.
The second war started in 1939 when Japan attacked Manchuria and annexed it, as well as attacking major areas in China. However in 1941, Tibet broke off from China and instead of attempting to reclaim it, China went ahead and annexed all of Korea and begun an invasion of Japan in 1942. A temporary treaty was signed in May 12th 1943 to end the wars, known as the Shanghai Agreement which stated that China is under official control of Korea. However, it did not last long as Japan invaded Korea and Manchuria again in spring of 1945 as Europe started to send weaponry and supplies to both empires.
Tokyo and other major Japanese cities suffered from frequent bombing raids from the Republic of China from 1945 to 1948 before Japan regained the upper hand and annexed Korea, Manchuria and most of southern China by 1951. The fourth and final war began in 1952 when Japan completely annexed China for a few months before major uprisings occurred in major Chinese cities. Koreans and Manchurians felt as if they were just pawns.
The Treaty of Tokyo (1954)
The Treaty of Tokyo was signed and ratified by all major Asian powers on May 25th, 1954, which officially ended the series of wars between China, Japan and other small nations situated in East and Southeast Asia. The treaty is as states.
- The borders of The Republics of China, Manchuria, Mongolia, Uyghuristan and the Kingdoms of Tibet and Japan shall not be altered in at least ten decades or one hundred years time.
- The Tokyo economic agreement shall be used for the betterment of all seven East Asian nations involved.
- The Republic of China and Empire of Japan must take responsibility for the lesser five nations if problems occur.
This very short treaty has caused six decades of peace and cooperation in East Asia. However, stigma between the Chinese and Japanese was extreme in the first few decades of peace.
Neo Progressive Era (1960-1975)The 1950's saw major changes in social attitude. However, things did not start to kick off until the 60's. Positive views towards Homosexuality and Transgender people in Europe have started to become popular, and the colonization of Asia and Africa began to turn into a humanitarian mission as the idea of Humanism grew in Europe. By the late 60's Asia has become a major technological, social and influential rival to Europe and the United States. China, Manchuria, Korea and Japan have become major developed powers. In European nations, women share around 41% of public offices. East Asia 32%, United States 35%, Middle East 8%.
However, things take a turn for the worst in Hindustan (following in the footsteps of the Argentine dictator who annexed Chile in 1950.) in 1962 a popular Hindu nationalist Alam Barad is elected Prime Minister, who used a secret police to force the legislative assemble to sign the enabling act of 1964 turning Barad into the dictator of Hindustan. In the early years of his complete rule, many Christians in Assam protest his religious extremism and break off from Hindustan in 1965. Alam Barad's use of propaganda against religious minorities causes hundreds of pogroms by Hindus against the Sikhs and Muslims which eventually leads to a genocide by the government which lasts from 1967-1970.
This is known as the Great Destruction. Over 8 million Sikhs and 37 million Muslims were massacred in this genocide before an operation lead by the USA, China, UK and Russia with partners from Germany, France, Spain, Korea and Japan invaded Hindustan and overthrew the dictator. This operation lasted from August 1st to August 22nd in 1970. Many of the Hindustan government were executed via firing squad and an international organization called the Union of Nations was set up to prevent things like this from ever occurring again. The Union of Nations has Seven permanent security council members (USA, UK, France, Germany, Russia, China and Japan).
There are now four superpowers in the world of the 1970's: The United States, United Kingdom, Russia and China. Each one of these nations are developed democracies and share common goals. In 1972, however, major protests occurred throughout Russia, causing the independence of Ukraine, West and East Turkestan. The Baltic Federation also dissolved in 1972. The Neo-Progressive Era ends in 1975 as conservatism goes on the rise.
Great Powers: France, Germany, Italy, Korea, Japan, Spain
Superpowers: British Empire, China, Russia, United States
Union of Nations (1970-present)
When it started, the Union of Nations had 19 members (France, Germany, Italy, Korea, Japan, Spain, British Empire, China, United States, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Oceania, Canada, Manchuria, Persia, Poland, Turkey, Brazil and Ukraine) but in 2014 119 nations are members of the Union of Nations, every country in the world except for Switzerland and the United Arab Republic.
It's goal is to create peace between nations and to solve problems practically and democratically, its first goal was setting up a democracy in Hindustan, who eventually joined the UN in 1972. Every country in the world is obligated to join. However, only great powers and superpowers can have permanent seats in the security council. An astronautics engineering council in the UN was set up in 1994 with a goal of space exploration, and the first object to ever leave the Earth's atmosphere (Rokket-21) was launched on April 28th, 2002.
Asian Decolonization (1973-present)
An Indonesian man from Dutch controlled Borneo Declares the island free from imperialist rule on October 4th, 1973. His opinion meant nothing to the Dutch. However, many people on the island began to protest outside Dutch governmental buildings in Borneo which lead to a war of independence only weeks later. Many Europeans took to the streets and showed support for Borneo and the Dutch agreed to withdrawal from the island.
More people from Indonesia, New Guinea and Indochina have begun to start riots against their respective rulers (British, Portuguese, Dutch and French) a few minor civil wars broke out and by the end of 1982 the Republics of Indonesia and Indochina are formed. A year later protests began in British occupied Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Afghanistan which lead to independence in 1980. The spree of independence movements have ended in 1985 when most of the Middle East gained independence from the British as well.
On August 5th, the Saudi King was assassinated by an Arab Unionist, sparking a civil war that toppled the Saudi Royal family and created the United Arab Republic (Formerly Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Yemen and UAE) Oman was unable to join since they were not Sunni and preferred independence. This becomes an unstable dictatorship in the Arab Peninsula, which threatens conquest against other Sunni Arab states such as Transjordan, Levant and Mesopotamia. During the late 80's, The Levant, Transjordan and Mesopotamia splits into Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Sunni Iraq and Shi'a Iraq.
Meanwhile in Europe, Bulgaria splits from Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia breaks apart. This is the beginning of the end of the second colonial era. Africa starts to see it's first wave of decolonization in 1987 When Italy drops its colonies and the Afrikaan Republic splits from South Africa. In 1989 Britain sells its North American colonies of Guyana, Jamaica, Belize, the Bahamas and islands in the lesser Antilles to the USA for as low as 15 Billion GBP.
African Decolonization (1987-present)
By 1990, most of Africa are developing nations on the same level as India thanks to the humanitarian shift in colonization goals from the 60's onward. Germany starts by giving independence to Cameroon, Tanzania and Namibia. Britain and Belgium are next in line but the French hold on to most of their colonies until well into the 2000's. The Kingdom of Egypt-Sudan is formed which aims to bring a revival to the power that the antiquity Egyptian Empires had, many see this as a move towards ancient paganism and begin to scorn the royal family. However, Sunni Islam is the state religion.
Ethiopia leads the decolonization effort by industrializing and training many ex-colonies on how to develop their own national economies. The West African Federation is formed from former French colonies which includes about half of West Africa, The Congo unites as one nation, Rhodesia becomes independent and Botswana joins South Africa.
Life expectancy is 84 in East Asia, 82 in Europe, 80 in North America, 76 in South America, 74 in the Middle East, 69 in South Asia and 65 in Sub-Sahara Africa. However, the life expectancy of developing nations are being raised dramatically with help from Middle Eastern oil, African diamonds and South American wood. South Sudan splits from Egypt-Sudan in 1997, and Central Africa united in 1998. Portugal was the last country to start giving up territory in 2001.
The Modern World (2000-present)
The year 2000 marks the beginning of the new world, with the results of the Great War, Economic Boom, Great Depression, Great Asian Ears, Neo-Progressive era and Asian/African decolonization. Zionist terrorists are common in Palestine who came to the country during the first half of the 20th century, and rebels in Madagascar are opposed to the French rule. The Republic of China is the most powerful nation on Earth, Yugoslavia Balkanizes and parts of the Caucasian area and Belarus become independent from Russia. Catalonia, Basque and Galicia become independent from Spain and Flanders breaks from Belgium.
During a referendum in 2005, 74% of Brits supported the abolition of the monarchy, turning the United Kingdom into the British Republic in 2006. The economic unions of Europe and East Asia was formed in 2007 and all European nations except for Switzerland adopted the Euro when it was introduced in 2012, after the East Asian Yuan was created a few years earlier in 2009. The monarchies of Germany and Italy are debated on whether or not they should be disestablished, in September 2014 56% of Germans supported the idea of a republic and Italy's referendum is yet to be answered. Many people in Africa and the Middle East support the idea of democracy and have been actively trying to achieve that goal using the help of social media since the invention of the internet in 2003. Newfoundland's debating if they should stay British or join either Canada or the USA.
The United States is currently allied with Persia and both have oil interests and plan to weaken the United Arab Republic. However, most of Europe has introduced Electric vehicles and use 60% renewable energy. Secularism in Africa and the Middle East are becoming popular, and so far 8% of Sub-Saharan Africans and 12% of Arabs are non-religious, meanwhile 56% of Europe is nonreligious, along with 75% of East Asia and 32% of North America. South Asia is the lowest, with 5% non-religious population, with an exception for Persia and Afghanistan which are 32% and 27% respectively.
The separation of Indochina in 2010 and Borneo and New Guinea from Indonesia in 2013 marks a new wave of separation in previously colonized nations. However, the future is unknown.
Great Powers: British Republic, France, Germany, Hindustan, Italy, Korea, Japan, Russia, Spain
Superpowers: China, United States