Location of Vietnam (Myomi Republic)

Map of both North and South Vietnam.

The Vietnam War, also known as the "Second Indochina War"  and known in Vietnam as the Resistance War against America or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the Treaty of Hanoi on June 1st, 1969. This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam — supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies —and the government of South Vietnam — supported by the United States and other anti - communist allies. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a lightly armed South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The People's Army of Vietnam (a.k.a. the North Vietnamese Army) engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units into battle. Chinese intervention in early 1969 resulted in a costly stalemate like in the previous major proxy war (The Korean War).

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