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England had long been accustomed to adopting royalty from beyond her shores, which served as a precedent when parliament voted in 1820 upon the death of George III “the Mad King”, to offer the throne to Gustavus, Crown prince of Sweden. Gustavus was by blood descended from both the royal houses of Denmark and Great Britain through his grandmother Queen Louise, youngest daughter of George II. Upon his ascendancy as H.H. Gustav I, he was King of Great Britain and Hannover, through his marriage to Marriane of the House of Orange, also of Netherlands, as well as rightful claimant to the Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. His quiet manner hid a steel reserve to reclaim what was rightfully his. After the death of Oscar I in 1853, he successfully claimed Sweden and Norway through a combination of intimidation and bribery, and Denmark in 1866 after the death of Frederik IV without a legitimate heir. Gustav’s policies of a creating a union with considerable autonomy to its various parts, while demanding loyalty to the central throne, made him a popular ruler in his main lands. However this came at the cost of maintaining and expanding his overseas territories a secondary issue. The Canadian Revolution in 1838 and the Australian Revolution in 1854 due to perceived neglect, succeeded in no small part because of the United States. This underhanded move permanently affected relations with the United States in a negative way, further perpetuated by the UK's tacit support of the shord lived Confederate States. Upon Gusatv’s death in 1877, The United Kingdom was the dominant power in Europe. The rule of Albert I was in contrast to his father’s was characterized by the Kingdom’s increased influence overseas in Africa and Asia. His granting of Dutch settlers rights to settle in the Cape colony exchange for military service along the border with Portuguese Mozambique proved to be a mistake. Their mistreatment of native Africans was an embarrassment but ultimately their lack of deference to British authority culminated in a short war in 1880 which resulted in their independence. Boer aggression resulted in another war in 1899 which with the help of the Zulus, the UK won which did much to reset the balance in South Africa that the First Boer War had offset. While keeping out of the Great Continental War, the UK was still affected by the Great Depression that followed. Now with another war on the continent on the horizon and a social unrest at home, the chances of the UK's neutrality in a future conflict slim indeed.
Short Descriptions of the World's Nations up to 1936':United Kingdom (of Britain, Ireland, the Netherlands, Hannover, and Scandinavia