This is a major work-in-progress project I'm trying to explore. This is a list of what I believe to be the Top 10 Most Influential Moments in History. What I am trying to do is to explore the Points of Divergence where they don't happen, causing history to be changed epically. This list includes (also, this is ordered by chronology, not by importance):
The Persian-Greek War resulted in a Greek victory! This caused the preservation of Greek influence over the Romans and the rest of the Mediterranean world! Without this, Persia may have expanded into Europe unchecked and may have spread its culture; leading to a more Mesopotamian-influenced culture today, rather than Western!
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great managed to conquer much of the known world in a relatively short time. Were it not for his death by illness (some say poisoning) in Babylon, he might have continued to spread his empire and stabilize it before his death. This would cause radical differences throughout the world and to the present day.
The Punic Wars
The Punic Wars were fought between the then Mediterranean power Carthage against a young Roman Republic. The victory of Rome in this war, and the destruction of Carthage, would cause a more Latin-influenced world, rather than Phoenician. Many events in Rome's history are very important; the founding of the City, the transformation to a Republic, the life of Julius Caesar, the transition to an Empire and the rise of Christianity, but all of them hanged in the balance during the Punic Wars. If Rome had lost, all that had been done and all yet to be done would have been lost.
Fall of Rome
Rome would fall in 476 CE, after constant invasions and other problems. This would bring about the Dark Ages in western Europe and slow down much progress in the world. If Rome would have continued to last, technology might have been more advanced than it currently is, and the world itself much more developed.
Rise of Islam
Islam would be founded in the 600s CE by Muhammad, in present day Saudi Arabia. This would cause worldwide changes, as it would spread and come into contact with other forces. Had Islam never been founded, this would have caused major changes and a very different world.
The Crusades were a series of attempts by the Christian nations of Europe to regain the Holy Land from the Muslim Arabs. The effects of these wars, however destructive, can be argued having been worth it. The Crusades would revive trade between Europe and the rest of the known world, it would revive intelligence, fuel the Renaissance a few centuries later and bring Europe out of the Dark Ages. Without the Crusades, Europe might have lingered in the Dark Ages longer, causing many events to be delayed.
The Mongol Empire
At its height, the Mongol Empire reached across much of the Eurasian continent. The Mongols would reach the outskirts of Vienna, but retreat to present day Russia and remain there for two hundred years. If the Mongols would have stayed there, but later on continued into Europe, the changes up to the present day might have been enormous.
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
From the 1500s through the 1600s, Spain and England were engaged in the unofficial Anglo-Spanish Wars. The rivalry over colonies, geopolitical power and religion, would push Spain to lead an invasion of England in 1588. The invasion would be a defeat, causing Britain to survive and colonize the New World; laying the seeds for the United States. If the Spanish invasion had been successful, the world might have lacked both the United States, the British Empire and their very heavy impact on history.
The American Revolution
In 1776, the colonies on the east coast of North America would declare independence from Great Britain. By 1781, the war was won with French aid and the colonies would later gain independence and grow up to become a superpower. But if the revolutionaries had lost the American Revolutionary War, this might wipe the U.S. and its heavy impact from history. This could cause a very different world up to the present day.
The Bolshevik Revolution
In 1917, after enormous losses in World War I, Vladimir Lenin would lead the October Revolution against the Czar's oppression in Russia. This revolution is one of the most influential in history, probably second or equal to the American Revolution. It would give rise to the U.S.S.R. and its influence in World War II and the Cold War against the United States. But if this revolution would have never occurred, it could mean no Soviet Union and no Cold War, which are the most basic effects on the world. I love you