Army 2
Destruction of the HMS Vanguard, 1827, Jacques-Louis David (The Viscount Has Fallen)

The Sevastopol incident

The Russian Opium War (The 19th century wars)
Part of The Total War of the 19th Century
Location The Crimean peninsula, Poland, Finland
Result Coalition Victory
The Russian Empire

The United States Of French America German mercenaries The French Empire

The British Empire

Polish volunteers Turkish mercenaries Finnish volunteers

Commanders and leaders
Alexander l

James Madison Napoleon Bonaparte

King George lll

Sir Edward Smith

Units involved
First Russian army

Second Russian army First American rifles French 3rd army First German fusiliers Second German fusiliers

The King's eastern army

The King's own Polish rifles The King's own Finnish grenadiers The King's own Turkish army

80,000 Russians

54,000 Americans 12,000 French 20,000 German

21,000 British

23,000 Turkish 12.000 Finnish/Polish

Casualties and losses
41,000 Russian

15,000 American 12,000 German 1,000 civilians

12.000 British

4.000 Turkish 2.000 Finnish/Polish

Eastern European Front

Prelude to war

In 1810 the British Empire was suffering an economic problems as a result from the Anglo Franco American war which pitted the French republic and the United states against the British empire and her colonies the war end a British defeat and the lost of Canada and their colonies in the Caribbean and France and America forming a union leaving the British in debt to the French and Americans the British government raised taxes to pay the debt but the populace couldn't pay the correct amount so the government had trading companies trade anything to make money the most popular product they had to sell was opium a dried latex obtained from the opium poppy the product was also very harmful the product was in high demand in the Crimea because half the populace was addicted to the drug and people were dying more and more to product but the product brought the British empire out of its economic crisis but then on August 8th, 1810 an event what came to be known as the Sevastopol incident is when a British ship carting opium docked in Sevastopol when an angry mob of citizens attacked the ship and set it on fire and killed most of the crew the surviving crew members were publicly executed the British ordered compensation but the Russian government refused stating the British was poisoning the Crimean citizens and they had to act the next day the British declared war on the Russian empire

The British invasion

The British sent an invasion force under general Edward Smith the British empire was also low on troops so they had to hire Turkish mercenaries from the Barbary States his troops landed in Sevastopol and laid siege to the city the local militia was unable to hold the city and fled the city leaving it to be captured by the British Edwards army advanced deep into Russia going as far as Poland were he was able to get more than 2,000 volunteers while others saw them as foreign invaders and remained loyal to the Russian empire the next Russians launched a counterattack halting their advance but at a cost of sustaining heavy casualties the Russian government realized they needed help to win this war help came on September 3rd when the Royal navy sank 6 American merchant ships the Franco American government with pressure from the public sent troops to Russia and declared war on the British empire

The Great Offensive

On September 9th French and American troops liberated Sevastopol and other ports from the British cutting off any chance of reinforcements and supplies leaving Edwards men starving and tired the coalition high command hired German mercenaries to gain more troops and marched into Poland to defeat the British forces in Warsaw the coalition troops soon attacked the city facing fierce resistance from British troops and Polish volunteers the coalition forces soon defeated the British forces causing them to flee to Finland where they were assisted by Finnish rebels looking to gain independence from Russia the coalition forces led by Alexander l marched into Finland and attacked the city of Helsinki defeating Edwards army and forcing him to surrender the British empire unable to send more troops to Russia and facing a rebellion in Ireland and India sued for peace and signed the treaty of Moscow ending opium trade in eastern Europe 

800px-Jean-Simon Berthelemy (circle) Napoleon in the Battle of Maringo

The coalition forces in Warsaw