During the War of 1812 American officials believed that if they could drive the British out of America the war would go by smoother, so President James Madison sent troops into Canada. Canada was an easy victory and the Bristish were soon pushed out of America. From that point on the Americans pushed farther into territories that were not their own. Canada was not completely under American control and several civil wars broke out, but in the end America had control of Canada. Because the British had been having money problems and resource problems from earlier wars, they were kicked out of Canada they lost the resources needed to fight Napoleon, and at the battle of Waterloo, they lost.
Background of the war
Britain was at war with France's military genius Napoleon. Napoleon had conquered Egypt and parts of Italy. He even defeated the military district of Prussia. Britain needed more troops and supplies if they wanted to beat Napoleon. In order to get more troops and supplies, British naval units attacked American merchant ships. They took the merchants and forced them to become part of the British army. Soon, the British would just come up to harbors and and take people right out of their own land. The Americans saw this as a direct attack and declared war on Britain.
America sent in troops on an attack on British Canada. They decided to send a direct attack on Quebec and Montreal. They gathered alliances with the Iroquois tribes and stirred up rebellions with African American slaves. They sent three armies down the St. Lawrence river to attack Montreal. The British and French in Canada were taken completely by surprise. The armies closed in and soon overtook Montreal. this battle was later known as the First Canadian Advance. Quebec soon got word of the battle at Montreal. The British called on their Huron allies, but they were unable to come because they were at war with another Native American tribe, who were on the American's side. With their allies occupied the British had to send down a much smaller army than they would have to battle the Americans at Cape Rouge. The Americans line up for battle, lead by Andrew Jackson. They point their guns at the British and fire. They continueously march forward pressing against the British. The Battle is bloody, but it seems to be in favour of the better trained british army. Then the Powatan Natives arrive and the British are beat back. they flee back to Quebec with the Americans hot in pursuit. When the Americans arrive they find Quebec abandoned, save a few people, and claim it for their own. With Quebec and Montreal captured and under American control British Canada could no longer survive and is soon annexed as part of the U.S.
When the British lost at the battle of Cape Rouge they fled back as fast as they could to Qeubec to warn the people about the American army. A few people decided to stay behind and accept defeat, but the rest of the people fled to the north towards the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and sailed away back towards Britain. When Britain lost Canada they also lost the resources they needed to support themselves in the war against Napoleon. When the British then faced the French at Waterloo they lost. From then on Britain lost huge portions of its army to the French and Napoleon continued to expand his empire.
After the war
Because the British did not beat Napoleon at Waterloo, Napoleon continued to expand his empire. He conquered all of Britain and Italy. He continued his advance on the rest of the world and soon conquered Poland, Russia, Greece, and the Ottoman Empire. He then finally completed his conquest of the Mediterannean and Europe when he defeated Sweden at the battle for Stockholm. The only country he did not conquer was Ireland. Ireland formed a free republic modeled after America. He then called his empire Napolia.
America After the War
While Napoleon was conquering Europe, America was dealing with economic horrors. The new territory they controlled was too big for their reach. British loyalists in Canada fled from the American reach. They fled towards the north of Canada or back to Britain itself. With the amount of Europeans fleeing North America the Native Americans at the time decided to reconquer their Canadian or American lands. The Huron Natives had especial hatred to the Americans. America sends in military forces to conquer and defeat the Natives. The Hurons formed a Huron league based on the former Iroquois confederation. The Huron league met the Americans, marching up from Boston, at Montpeliar. There they fought a great battle known as the battle for Montpeliar. In this battle the Huron league won. The Americans retreated from Montpelier. The Huron league moved south from Montpeliar and started to collect more natives. They recruited former Iroquoians and the Deleware and Erie Indian tribes. The Huron league then fought the Americans again at Albany. They won again gaining more support from other Native American tribes and confederacies. The Ottowas joined the Huron league and so did the Mahican and Montauk tribes. The large army's next target was New York city itself. Several American delegates decided to meet together and discuss what to do about the Native American army. In the end they decided upon sending their largest army possible to defend New York city. The army was to be lead by President Andrew Jackson. Andrew Jackson lead his army up to New York city to stop the Huron league. The famed battle, now known as the siege of New York, was fought endlessly for 3 days straight. On day two President Andrew Jackson was killed by a shot to the head with a Huron arrow. The death of Andrew Jackson made the Americans want revenge. They fought harder then they ever had before. At the end of day three the Americans beat back the Huron League. The Hurons fled back to their outpost in Albany. The Americans followed the Hurons and chased them back towards Canada. With Andrew Jackson dead a new general came into control of the army, and John C. Calhoun became President. John C. Calhoun died a month later by an assassin. John C. Calhoun was then replaced by Henry Clay. Henry Clay was a fierce warhawk. He decided that once they vanquished the Huron league America should take over Canada.
In the year 1830 President Clay sent his first campaign against the British still in Canada. They marched up through vermont to the American Canadian outpost in Montreal. There the troops rested for three nights and then continued northward. They headed to Quebec and stayed there for three more nights. Then the troops headed down the St.Lawrence river and towards New Foundland Island where some British troops still had an outpost.