Praecantatiology (the study of magic) is often considered to have had six active branches, or 'sects', that were commonly used. These are Elemental, Enchantment, Divinatory (also known as 'Psychic' magic), Telekinetic, Enhancement and Necropolitan. According to some praecantatiologists, there have been up to fifty different branches of magic which were not successful and became extinct.
Elemental magic is based on some of the core Greek Elements, Fire, Water, Wind, Earth, Ice and Stone (but some believe that the Greek elements were developed partially based on the demonstration of this branch of magic). Elemental magic was developed in Greece but was used by the Roman Empire as a powerful military weapon.
Enchantment is the ability to change or influence another object or entity other than oneself. Common associations with this type of magic are causing a broomstick to be enchanted with the ability to fly (although carpets were favoured further eastward as they provided a much smoother ride, but more skill to enchant).
The earliest magic ever developed, the first magic to become widespread, and widely considered the most primitive magic until the late twelth century. Before this time, it was widely believed that this type of magic could only predict the future, and since even the most skilled divinators could only predict a few small events every day, there was never huge demand for this branch.
Literally, the power to move or alter objects using only the mind. Closely related to Divination and Enchantment magic, and is sometimes combined with Enchantment to be considered the same type of magic. The difference is that although Enchantment lasts much longer and does not require the attention of the conjurer to maintain the spell, Telekinetics have much more control over what happens to the object, and they use up far less energy to move an object, allowing skilled users to influence many objects at one time.
Very similar to Enchantment, but involves casting spells and transformations on the user instead of on another object. Common alterations are increases of speed, strength and above all intelligence, but all sorts of unusual enhancements have been attempted since the practice began in 400 CE.
Necropolitan magic is the study and use of life and death (but mainly death). Necromancers are usually reclusive but incredibly skilled, as this branch of magic is by far the hardest to learn. These sorcerors perhaps come the closest to the traditional image of a witch, with users regularly storing their power with a familiar (such as a cat or owl) and users often being quite old, using the magic to preserve their own lives at the cost of any beauty they may have had. The traditional ideal of a 'warty' witch riding on a broomstick, however, is probably pure fiction as Necropolitan and Enchantment magic are very rarely combined.
Although it is hard to know all of the branches of magic that have ever existed, here are some that historians believe could have once been very active.
A small branch of magic that became integrated into Divination around 900 CE with the growth of Psychicism. It involved communication and some level of control over plants and animals.
Many Enhancement sorcerors have tried to cause themselves to fly without the use of an Enchanted object, but all had failed. Some believe that Flight was an entirely different branch of magic practised in Japan around 400 CE, but little evidence has been provided for this fact.
A late 19th century attempt to integrate magic with modern technology. This was also the first attempt to force magic onto a person which had no ability to produce it naturally. The technique was largely successful, and around two hundred people are recorded to have practised Electric magic between 1890 and 1920. Nevertheless, most of its users suffered from some kind of organ failure and none lived beyond the age of 40. The magic was then discontinued.
Purely called 'sound magic' before the growth of modern magic studies. It involved releasing high or low frequency sound waves and was often used as a long distance messaging system. The practise fell out of use in the early 13th century, however, as louder instruments and effective transport made it obsolete.
The oldest branch of magic ever recorded, it was practised (if it existed at all) probably between 30 000 and 15 000 BCE. It was said that certain individuals had natural abilities far superior to any other magic practised around the age. Modern theories suggest that modern religions may be based on the overpowered abilities of these individuals. For the same reason that other branches of magic could not survive long at this time, the fact that the human race was still undeveloped, this god-like breed of magic could not be mastered and collapsed. A suggestion proposed in 1994 by predominant scientists argued that if any individual had this power now they would be able to use it to become the equivalent of a God. Probably the most talked about magic in any Praecantatiology laboratory.