In this timeline, Jefferson decides to let Louisiana become independent. It turns out that it wasn't a very good idea after all, and the US soon begins to decline and eventually break apart. The seat of power in Europe is shifted, and Mexico breaks apart.
The POD in this timeline is that Napoleon was less successful in his revolutionary wars. France was slightly in debt by 1803. When Louisiana was seized from Spain, Napoleon saw no reason for keeping it as a colony. So, as in our timeline, he sold it. But to pay for war debts that were slowly mounting up, the United States was charged about a dollar per acre for the massive purchase. Many French settlers already there wanted to assist their Mother Country, but since the US was neutral, they could not do anything. Only a week after the purchase protests and revolts sprung up. Facing a massive choice, Jefferson and Congress agreed to let Louisiana become an independent nation on December 7, 1803. The Americans were outraged at their tax money being spent of nothing. A coup against Jefferson took place on the New Year of 1804, and he was impeached. Aaron Burr took office as vice-president. This is where things start changing.
January 3rd: Growing tension between Spanish and French ethnic groups in Louisiana break out into mass riots. The de facto ruler of Louisiana forces all Louisianans of Spanish descent to emigrate to the nearby Spanish colony of Spain. This greatly increased the Floridian population. Many of the new arrivals missed being independent, and plans to rise up against Spain are drawn up. July 11th: The famous Burr-Hamilton duel takes place in New Jersey. Burr is particularly in a bad mood due to recent tension in the White House. He shoots Hamilton in the head, and kills him instantly. For killing a father of the constitution, Burr is impeached and is exiled from the United States. He moves to Texas in New Spain and starts his conspiracy. Many more conspirators follow due to support for him as president.
February: Burr and his followers overthrow the Spanish government in Texas and New Mexico and installs his empire. Burrania is run by Burr himself, with his co-conspirators in high positions. Burrania is not yet recognized by the US yet, but Burr already wishes to expand his newborn empire. A messenger goes to France and makes a deal with Napoleon: France invades Spain and with the help of Burrania split the Spanish colonies among themselves. Napoleon recognizes the plan, but for it to work, he needs to move a large portion of his army from the east to the Pyrenees. A temporary truce is made with Austria and Prussia. June: France invades Spain. A massive army of over two hundred thousand men rush down the Pyrenees and quickly subdue most of Spain. By years end, all of Spain is under French control. A satellite government is set up with one of Napoleon's brothers as the Spanish king. Spain's colonies object to the idea of being ruled by a Frenchman.
Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Peru, Florida, Argentina, and Bolivia rebel against Spain. They all are recognized as independent. Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador are part of Columbia at this time. The various new government undergo a process of metamorphosis in which the government and many other aspects of their statehood is changed several times before stabling and choosing one idealism. Prussia and Austria decide to join France as allies. Napoleon and his new three way alliance decide to bring several of Spain's former colonies back under European rule. French and Prussian troops set out for Mexico on June 30th. A bloody war ensues, with France and Prussia not really getting anywhere. The US condemns France's action and threatens to intervene. Napoleon knows that Clinton is bluffing, and declares that they will not withdraw.
The war in Europe worsens as Portugal is attacked by France and assisted by Britain. The Royal Navy is in a stalemate with the combined might of Danish, Prussian, and French fleets. They begin impressing American sailors. To keep the impressed sailors in line, various forms of torture and punishment are used. When word of this reaches the White House, Clinton declares war on Britain and authorizes a full scale invasion of Canada. New England objects, and secede from the Union. American troops still pass through, and take Quebec, Labrador, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland. Washington is burnt in 1810, and in 1812 America surrenders. The captured parts of Canada form the Free Canadian Union. In 1813, Nova Scotia becomes independent from the FCU.
The Federation of Central America is formed. It consists of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. By themselves the countries aren't very important, but together it is presumed that they will have an impact. French and Prussian troops finally capture Mexico. France makes Veracruz, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, Puebla, Hidalgo, Durango, and Chihuahua their colony. Yucatan, Quintana Roo, and Campeche form the Republic of Yucatan. Tamaulipas, Nueve Leone, and Coahuila form the Republic of Rio Grande. Sonora and Sinaloa form the Republic of Sonora. Baja California and Baja California Sur form the Republic of Lower California. The rest of Mexico becomes a German Colony. All of Mexico in modern day US is left unsettled and unclaimed.
Russian America expands downward into Mexico all the way to San Francisco Bay. It is still sparsely populated, but Indian rumors of gold still attract attention. A railroad is built in Louisiana. It goes east to west from the Mississippi river south to Burrania. It extends south into Rio Grande and west into French Mexico. The rail line is called the French America line. It is very popular and makes a lot of money by transporting coffee beans from Mexico north. The railroad triggers an industrial revolution in America. Steamboats become more common in the Mississippi and Great Lakes. Europe is still locked in war and is not experiencing the revolution yet. Austrian and Prussian forces conquer Poland. Napoleon suggests an invasion of Russia, but none of the nations in his alliance are strong enough yet.
The Russian Tsar decides to exploit his American colonies a little more. A medium sized wave of immigrants come to Alaska and California. The Alaskan settlement fails miserably, but the Californian settlement succeeds. Britain's prime minister begins to realize that the war with France was taken a turn for the worse. He considers surrendering. Brazil officially becomes a colony of France. Most Brazilians are dismayed, but the French keep a firm hold on it. France and Holland merge their colonies in South America. Louisiana becomes a dominion of France; it is technically independent, but must assist France in a war and recognizes France's allies. The Austrian Army pushes into Ottoman lands in Europe.
Britain surrenders the Napoleonic wars. British Guiana, Jamaica and most of Canada become French Imperial Possessions. Guiana (French, British, and Dutch Guiana combined) becomes a dominion. Belize is sold to Yucatan and the Misquito Coast becomes the independent country of Miskito. Colombia and Peru join together to protect themselves against the potential threat of the expanding French Empire. New England's military experiences a rapid growth and expansion. The United States President has been threatening to invade if New England does not cease hostilities. Tensions are high.
Gold is discovered in Alaska and, not long after, California. Thousands of Russian miners flock there. The colony expands and Russia considers expanding into western Canada. Seeing as Britain is in a "pushover" state, settlers start pushing into western Yukon and British Colombia. More gold is found in Yukon and even more settlers flow into Russian America. The Tsar begins seeing the benefits of an overseas empire. The Cherokee Nation is founded. Unfair treatment by US officials has made many Indian tribes unruly and ready for action. Hundreds of muskets are smuggled in from Florida. The chief proclaims that he will take action if unfair treatment to Indians is not stopped.
Exiled Seminole chiefs flee to the Cherokee nation. After fighting against the Floridians for many years, they provide the Cherokees with strategies and important fighting tactics. Four hundred Seminoles and Black Seminoles (free African Americans that lived in Seminole tribes) move up from Florida and join the Cherokee army. The Georgia militia fires a few warning shots when they see the massive Seminole army. This is taken the wrong way and a firefight breaks out. All of the militia men are slaughtered. Full war breaks out and within a few months the southern half of Georgia and the Mississippi territory. The chief of the Cherokee declares that they have enough land and the war is over. Black slaves in the captured area are freed and join the tribe. The Cherokee War spells the beginning of the end for the failing United States.
Napoleon holds a contest for all the inventors in his empire to build a machine that would revolutionize France. Many people joined, but most machines were abyssmal failures. One notable excuse was a small proto-ironclad. Napoleon finds the ironclad delighting, and orders ten of them built in ports around his empire. A larger Louisianan model is built, and pretty soon ironclads pop up everywhere. Napoleon is pleased. He realizes the military strategy of his colonies, and begins setting up volunteer army recruiting stations everywhere. The west half of Tennessee secedes and becomes Franklin. The Franklin militia invades northern Alabama and Mississippi, and continues to take all of Tennessee. The Union army, too small to do anything sues for peace. The very brief war is over.
Burr dies of old age. A successor to the Burranian throne had not been chosen, and the kingdom falls to shambles. Texas splits and becomes an independent country. Burrania continues to exist in southern New Mexico and Arizona. Inspired by the Cherokee revolution, the Seminoles become independent with support from Cherokee. The nation is situated in central Florida. Florida doesn't care much, as they hadn't colonized central Florida that much. France invades Algeria, and soon takes Tunisia and Morocco. France's strength at this time makes the invasion take only five years. Libya joins voluntarily. The French East Indian Company begins to rise and starts business interests in India.
The Bahamas secede from the British Empire. For a while they are independent, but soon Florida and the Bahamas join. A railroad is built spanning from northern San Francisco Bay all the way up to Alaska and Yukon. A smaller railroad is built connecting Burrania, Texas, and Russian California. This starts a small industrial revolution in the Southwest. Baja California and Rio Grande start their own rail lines in Mexico. The Ottoman army is defeated by a small Austrian force in Bulgaria. It is a major embarrassment, and the Turks finally withdraw from Europe once and for all.
The Prussians start expanding westward and invade the French puppet state Confederation of the Rhine. Bavaria and Saxony join voluntarily due to mistrust of the French. This starts the Franco-Prussian war. Austria chooses not to intervene. At first the Prussians are winning, but with the arrival of over half a million soldiers from colonies around the world, the tide rapidly turns. Denmark fights as an ally of France. France directly absorbs the Confederation of the Rhine, Bavaria, Saxony, most of western Germany, and much of western Prussia. The Prussian colony in Mexico is also seized by France. While France more or less won, Prussia pushes France completely out of Germany, and forms the German Empire. Denmark is almost completely controlled by Germany, except for the northernmost tip and some outlying islands. The German Emperor vows revenge on the French.
Central America has a civil war. Nicaragua and Costa Rica are upset with the government. Guerrillas operate in the jungles, attacking passing troops and civilians. American mercenaries are hired en masse. Neither side makes any advance. Within a few years the war is resolved. Tensions still exist between the Central American countries. Many mercs stay in Central America with their small fortunes. Yucatan builds a sizable fleet from mahogany trees in the rain forest. Rio Grande sees this as a threat to its dominance as a Latin American great power. The Rio Grande army triples in size in only a few months. Texas starts a similar program. French Mexico becomes a dominion of France. Columbia sends a secret message to the Nicaraguan rebels. They offer to help if Costa Rica can be part of Columbia.
The Californian revolution. Russian settlers rebel against the Tsar. The new Kalifornian Republic covers modern day California, Oregon, Washington, and much of coastal British Columbia. At most, it only delves three to four hundred miles into the mainland. Start of mainly American migration into previously Mexican territory between Kalifornia and Louisiana. Mormons go to Utah and surrounding areas. Plains Indians form tightly nit countries to combat spread of settlers. The Nez Perce, Sioux, and Blackfeet are the main examples. Inspired by the Cherokee and Seminoles, the Indian countries ally to stop the whites from infringing on their territory.
Mormon settlers in Utah form the Mormon Republic of Deseret, also known as the MRD, or just Deseret. Deseret expands to include Colorado, Nevada, much of eastern California, northern Arizona, northern New Mexico, and Wyoming. Fights with the Nez Perce in the west toughens the Deseret army and turns Deseret into a modern militaristic power. The kingdom of Hawaii signs a treaty with Russia and France to promote trade rights but keeping either country from colonizing nearby islands. Midway is drawn into the Hawaiian sphere of influence, but is not quite yet annexed.