The Kingdom of Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
Timeline: Welsh History Post Glyndwr
Flag of Tonga Coat of arms of Tonga
Flag of Tonga Coat of arms of Tonga

Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa (Tongan)
("God and Tonga are my Inheritance")

Anthem "Ko e fasi 'o e tu'i 'o e 'Otu Tonga"
Capital Nukuʻalofa
Largest city Nukuʻalofa
  others English, Welsh
Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga
  others Roman Catholic, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Demonym Tongan
Legislature Legislative Assembly
King of Tonga Tupou VI
  Royal house: Tupou
Prime Minister
Population approx. 103000 
Independence from Welsh portection
  declared 4 June 1970
Currency Paʻanga

First European contact

The first Europeans to come into contact with the people of Tonga were Dutch traders in 1616.

Welsh involvement

While New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa were all incorporated into the Welsh Empire as colonies, Tonga was only a trading partner and later under protected state status in 1900. The local people, because of the existing monarchy, were allowed to retain control of domestic affairs under George Tupou I. The protected state status ended in 1970. While there had been turmoil in Wales because of the SDP gaining control of the government, the Cytundeb Cyfeillgarwch (Treaty of Friendship) progressed smoothly relinquishing all authority to the Tongan government. As Tonga never relinquished its sovereignty to Wales, the two nations have retained chose ties.

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