The Great World War, often dubbed as the War of Wars, was a conflict that involved nations from all corners of the globe. The war lasted four years, beginning on September 3rd, 1930, and ending on February 15th, 1934. It was the deadliest war in history, with over 50 million casualties; 20 million killed, and 30 million wounded, missing, or captured. The war officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Sydney. This was the first war fought worldwide, with battles in Europe, South America and the Pacific.
Background of the European Theater
The emergence of Germany on the world stage in 1871 delivered a staggering shock to Europe. Germany adopted an imperialistic policy and began a race to attain oversea colonies. Also, German industry was on the rise, due to Germany's ample coal and iron supplies. Germany was also aggressive on mainland Europe, causing wars with France and Austria-Hungary. By the early 1900's, war seemed almost inevitable. However, in 1898, when Otto von Bismarck died, a new leader would rise. Conrad Becker, a strong German politician, took power. Becker felt a war with Europe would stagger Germany's progress. Becker worked with European leaders to keep peace for the next 27 years by reducing military spending, redefining borders, as well as giving up colonies. In 1925, Conrad Becker died, causing great concern for the European nations. Taking Becker's place was Wilhelm III. Wilhelm III was disgusted with Becker's rule and felt Germany should take its place as the world power. For the next five years, Wilhelm reversed Becker's policies by heavily boosting the military and taking new colonies, even ones already owned by other nations. Europe, especially France and Great Britain, had no choice but to try to stop Germany's aggressive actions. However, Wilhelm made the first move. Wilhelm knew France's military was far weaken than Britain's; he also wanted France's coal supplies. On September 3rd, 1930, German troops hammered into France. The war that had been brewing for decades finally broke out.
Background of the South American Theater
Brazil had gained independence from Portugal in 1822 and now had a large empire. Pedro II, emperor of Brazil, had heavily industrialized and militarized his nation. Brazil, now a prestigeous power, had brought great concern to the other major power of the region, the United States. The U.S rarely dealt with South American affairs, but the emergence of Brazil had forced the U.S to look into Brazilian issues. Pedro II died in 1891, and the Brazilian empire began to decline. The U.S felt that the threat of Brazil had disipated. Much to the U.S's dismay, the next emperor, Pedro III, began to build-up Brazil even more. He modernized the military, as well as increasing its size, and began to colonize Caribbean islands. The U.S, although fearful of Brazil's new actions, did not take action. Pedro III spoke with Wilhelm III of Germany in 1927. Wilhelm promised Pedro African colonies if Brazil kept the U.S out of the European war. Pedro accepted and the two formed an alliance. Brazil kept colonizing in the Caribbean up until Puerto Rico. The U.S warned Brazil if Puerto Rico was attacked, war would be declared. Pedro, living up to his agreement, ordered an invasion of the island. On September 6th, 1930, Brazil invaded Puerto Rico. The folloing day, the U.S declared war on the empire of Brazil.
Background of the Pacific Theater
Australia had been a colony of Great Britain since 1770. In 1901, the six Australian colonies formed a federation and became the Commonwealth of Australia, becoming a dominion of the British Empire. However, many nationalists felt this was an important step in Australian independence. They felt Australia should completely break ties with Britain and begin its own course as a world power. Conflict unsued between those who were for complete independence and those who wished to stay with British rule. Finally, in 1908, Victor Melbourne rose to power as Prime Minister. Melbourne was the leader of the Independence Party and wished to use new power to finally end ties with Great Britain. In 1910, after a very thin majority, the Australian Parliament passed a declaration of independence. A newly drafted constitution called for a complete break from Great Britain and the formation of the Australian Empire, with Melbourne proclaimed as its emperor. The world was shocked by this declaration, especially Britain. Britain feared this would spark independence movements in its other colonies. Melbourne began to industrialize his new empire and build it up economically and militarily. Between 1911 and 1920, Australia's military nearly tripled in size and its industry rivaled even Britain. Melbourne also created an imperial policy and began colonizing islands in the Pacific. In 1928, Wilhelm III of Germany and Pedro III of Brazil spoke with Melbourne. Wilhelm and Pedro promised Melbourne Pacific colonies if Australia kept China and Japan out of the European war. Melbourne accepted and the three formed a triple alliance between the empires of Germany, Brazil, and Australia. Melbourne ordered a naval attack on Japan and China. On September 8th, 1930, Australia attacked Japan and China. The war in the Pacific had begun.
The Course of the War