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20th July 1944
At the Wolf's Lair base in East Prussia, the Führer of Germany, Adolf Hitler, is preparing to hear a briefing from his generals about the situation on the Eastern Front. One of the officers attending the meeting, Colonel von Stauffenburg, however, is planning something far more dramatic. He and his adjutant, Leutnant von Haeften, are part of a conspiracy that plans to overthrow the Nazi regime and sue for peace from the Allies. In his briefcase, Stauffenburg has two bombs, which he intends to detonate in the briefing room, killing Hitler and everyone else. A few minutes before the beginning the briefing, Stauffenburg asks to be allowed to change his shirt. After being shown to a room, he and von Haeften begin to prime the bombs. They have primed one bomb when they are interrupted. The briefing is about to begin, and the Führer will not like to be kept waiting. Stauffenburg asks for just a few more moments, as von Haeften places both bombs inside the briefcase. A few minutes into the briefing, Stauffenburg receives a message that there is a telephone call for him in one of the outer buildings, which he goes to take. There is in fact no telephone call; it is merely an excuse for Stauffenburg to leave the room, made by General Erich Fellgiebel, in charge of communications at the Wolf's Lair, who is also part of the plot. A few minutes after Stauffenburg leaves the room, the two bombs are detonated, killing everyone in the room. Fellgiebel immediately made a phone call to General Friedrich Olbricht, another conspirator, in Berlin, to tell him to put Operation Valkyrie, the plan to take over the government into action. The line is poor and it is difficult for Olbricht to understand Fellgiebel, but he understands one phrase quite clearly, "the Führer is dead", knowing this, Olbricht puts Valkyrie into operation. Senior members of the military take control of Germany under the pretext of stopping a coup by the Nazi Leadership and SS.
21st July 1944
The plotters have many of the SS units around Berlin under control of most of the Nazi Leadership under arrest, with the exception of Heinrich Himmler, Head of the SS, and Herman Göring, Head of the Luftwaffe. Both men are seen as likely successors to Hitler. The plotters declare General Ludwig Beck as President and Doctor Carl Goerderler as Chancellor. Goerderler announces a state of emergency, and martial law. All SS units within Germany are ordered to lay down their arms and report to the nearest Wehrmacht commander to wait for further orders. Beck issues executive orders for the Wehrmacht to seize control of all concentration camps and to place the guards under arrest. The horrors of the camps disgust many of the Wehrmacht troops who discover them, and there are several cases of camp guards being shot out of hand. The conspirators intend to gather as much evidence of Nazi atrocities as possible, in order to gain the support of the German people for when they reveal that it was in fact they who had assassinated Hitler. To this end, many of the officers commanding the detachments that seize the camps are low level members of the plot or men known to oppose the Nazis.
22nd July 1944
Fighting breaks out across Germany and the occupied territories as SS units refuse to lay down their arms. Some units are defeated quickly due to the sudden nature of the order and the uncertainty among many as to who had actually committed the coup. Other manage to escape capture and go to ground. Despite relative peace and order in Berlin, as well as the other cities seized in the initial operation, such as Paris and Prague, there is confusion throughout much of Germany. Indeed, for members of the SS and Wehrmacht, there is no question that a coup has taken place, but many if not most of them have no idea which side they are on. Herman Göring is arrested when his car is stopped on the Autobahn from Berlin to Munich by the cavalry unit of Philip von Boeselager, one of the conspirators. Himmler makes his way to Berchtesgarten, Hitler's retreat in the Bavarian Alps. There he makes a radio broadcast denouncing the coup, and calling on all military units to overthrow the plotters. Few however hear or heed the broadcast. On the frontlines, fighting breaks out between the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS, plus a few Wehrmacht units who don't believe the conspirators and remain loyal to the Nazi regime. In London and Moscow, remarkable reports of German troops fighting among themselves seem to confirm to the shocked Allies leaders that a coup has indeed taken place, having received reports from their agents in Germany of newsflashes reporting Hitler's death. The Allies push on and take as much territory as possible. As they could not be exactly certain who has committed the coup, and for what reasons, it was best to ensure that they were in the best position possible, either to go on to complete the defeat of Nazi Germany, or to have a stronger bargaining position should they find themselves dealing with a non-Nazi regime.
23rd July 1944
Goerderler announces the SS men refusing to lay down their arms are traitors. Heinrich Himmler is arrested after being discovered hiding in the wine cellar of a Hotel in a town near Berchtesgarten. Most SS units within Germany have been subdued, though thousands have managed to escape. Goerderler then issues a very unusual order. The troops that have seized control of the concentration camps are to round up the population of nearby towns and march them through the camps. The prisoners had been receiving food and medical treatment, but after only two days they were still extremely weak and shockingly thin. The sight of them, the piles of corpses, the gas chambers and the crematoria horrify and shame the civilians. Many people, including grown men, break down and weep. One woman, who had been sheltering one of the guards, her fiancée, immediately turns him over to the authorities. The logic behind the order is to show the German people the evidence for themselves, to reinforce the newsreels of the camps made by the government had made as soon as the camps were seized. Tentative approaches are made to the allies and the Soviets about peace negotiations. Beck makes a broadcast to the nation and denounces Hitler and the Nazi Regime. He announces decrees abolishing the Nazi Party and subsidiary bodies, and formerly repeals the Enabling Act of 1934 which brought the Nazi dictatorship into being. However, he states that the state of emergency is still in effect, and that for the time being he would rule using Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution, which had never been formerly abolished, merely suspended. Beck also announces Germany’s intention to enter into peace negotiations with the Allies. Both the Allies and the Soviets however make it clear that they will only accept unconditional surrender. Goerderler announces his government: Carl Friedrich Goerdeler - Chancellor Wilhelm Leuschner - Vice-Chancellor Paul Löbe - President of the Reichstag Julius Leber - Interior Minister Ulrich von Hassell - Foreign Minister Ewald Loeser - Finance Minister Friedrich Olbricht - War Minister Erwin von Witzleben - Commander in Chief of the Wehrmacht Hans Oster - President of the Reichskriegsgericht (military supreme court) Hans Koch - President of the Reichsgericht (supreme court) Bernhard Letterhaus - Reconstruction Minister Karl Blessing - President of the Reichsbank Paul Lejeune-Jung - Economics Minister Albert Speer - Production Minister Andreas Hermes - Agriculture Minister Josef Wirmer - Minister of Justice Theodor Haubach - Minister of Information Henning von Tresckow - Chief of Police
25th July 1944
Beck orders all German forces in the occupied territories to withdraw to Germany’s 1938 borders. The Wehrmacht also retains control of western Poland, so that East Prussia shall not be cut off from the rest of Germany. This presents the Allies with a Germany defended by a virtually intact Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe. They also had to contend the fact that these men would be highly motivated if they were defending their on soil. This persuades the British, Americans and Soviets to agree to enter peace talks with what has been provisionally titled the Free German Reich.
2nd September 1944
An initial agreement is reached. It is agreed that full peace talks shall take place in Geneva, that all suspected Nazi War Criminals currently under arrest shall be transferred to Allied custody, and the Soviet Union would declare war on Japan with immediate effect.
3rd March 1945
After months of negotiations between the parties it is agreed that Germany will be able to keep Austria and the Czech Republic along with the polish corridor and East Prussia. Denmark, Norway, Greece, German Italy, Poland and Yugoslavia must be granted independence. France will be treated as a conquered country not as a liberated one because of their collaboration with German. In the most controversial part of the treaty is that France would be split into three zones a American, British and German one. The City of Paris would also be split into three zones. Frances colonial empire is dismantled as well. Syria, Lebanon, Madagascar and the Indian concessions become British Protectorates. Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria go to the US, and Indochina is awarded full sovereignty. The USSR gets control over the Baltic states and Finland is treated as a liberated country and is granted independence. The Nazis Beck had arrested are to be place on Trial in a London Courtroom and the Italian Fascists are to be put on trial in the Italian justice system. Italy will be divided into North and South Italy with Rome being jointly occupied. The Vatican will remain a free city. Representatives from Germany, The USSR, Britain, America, Italy, Japan, France and Finland sign the treaty finally ending World War 2.
April 11th 1945
America annexes Cuba. Alaska, Hawaii, and the Philippines become US states. The United States now has 52 States.
The Rise of The Power Blocs
- May 12th 1946: The Jewish state of Israel is formed.
- July 5th 1946: The Nordic Union is formed between Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland.
- August 11th 1946: A New Ottoman Empire is formed between, Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- August 30th 1946: The United States Annexes Canada.
- August 31st 1946: After Poland fails to form a government it demands annexation into Germany as they fear a Soviet Invasion.
- September 1st 1946: Germany grants Poland's request for annexation.
- November 30th 1946: French Indo China becomes part of Southern China
- December 14th 1946 South China wins the Chinese civil war for the democratic side.
1947: Britain Goes Fascist
- January 31st: Germany annexes the devastated low countries, as the United States is more concerned about helping Britain and their new territorial possessions.
- February 2nd: Winston Churchill loses the British election to the Fascist Party.
- February 3rd: Britain, now under fascist rule, sends Churchill into exile to the U.S.
- February 5th: Protests against Churchill's exile are brutally put down.
- February 6th: The United States and Germany both cut diplomatic relations with Britain.
- February 7th: The Royal family is sent into exile to America.
- February 9th: President Truman meets with the Royal Family and Winston Churchill at the White House, assuring them that democracy will be returned to Britain.
- February 10th: Most of the British Military is happy with the Fascist government, because they feel that Germany did not get the defeat it deserved, and that the USA had betrayed them by helping Germany. However Australia and New Zealand leave the commonwealth to form the Australian New Zealand Union or ANZU. They align themselves with the United States and offer the Royal Family sanctuary, and the ANZU's Conservative party want to draft Winston Churchill as their Presidential candidate.
- February 15th: Germany, China, The United States, Israel, ANZU, and the Ottoman Empire sign the Democratic Alliance Treaty, that assures that they will defend one another.
- February 16th: Russia, Spain, and Britain form the Moscow Pact.
- February 20th: The Royal Family and Churchill arrive in Australia.
- February 23rd: The Nordic Union declares their neutrality.
- March 1st: Fascist Britain passes a number of laws prohibiting free speech and many civil liberties in the name of defense and restoring the British Empire.
- March 2nd: Winston Churchill announces he WILL run for President of the ANZU.