During WWII, in OTL, United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt came up with the idea of the "Four Policemen" (the USA, the USSR, the UK and China) - the four most powerful Allied nations. Roosevelt suggested that after the War, these four countries should become the World's "Policemen", meaning they should each be responsible for their own area of the World, and they should work together to keep the peace.
However, each of these Nations was stunted in some way, which prevented the "Four Policemen" idea from ever happening. By using four PODs (one for each country), this Timeline will examine a scenario where Roosevelt's idea succeeds.
In mid-World War II, it was generally understood that the World had three Superpowers: the British Empire, the Soviet Union and the United States. China was considered a powerful nation, but due to its less-developed nature and its unstable domestic situation (Communist and Nationalist forces were locked into a major Civil War), it was not considered a Superpower.
Late into the War, when it became clear that the Allies would be victorious, United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a "Trusteeship of the Powerful" composed of these four Nations - the four "Policemen" - which would become the World's Superpowers, and work together as allies.
However, in OTL, the Chinese Civil War continued, and, to date, China has yet to become a Superpower (though it will likely soon become one). Meanwhile, widespread independence movements meant that the British Empire lost its Superpower status shortly after the War.
This left only two Superpowers in the World: the United States and the Soviet Union, and the two countries descended quickly into the Cold War; rendering Roosevelt's dream impossible.
- Main article: Imperial Egalitarianism
- In OTL, the British Empire began to splinter immediately after the War.
Imperial Egalitarianism was a Political movement which spread throughout the British Empire (and, to a lesser extent, the other European Empires) during and after World War II. This movement supported independence for all British colonies, on the condition that they joined the Commonwealth of Nations. In addition, ties between Commonwealth members were significantly heightened, allowing the Empire to remain a major power.
United States Presidential Election, 1944
- Main article: United States Presidential Election, 1944
- In OTL, President Harry Truman fought vehemently against Communism, and destroyed the frail US-Soviet Alliance from WWII.
In the middle of World War II, Franklin Roosevelt's reelection was almost certain, and he ultimately decided against changing his running mate from Henry A. Wallace to the more popular Harry Truman. Roosevelt's death in 1945 resulted in the beginning of Wallace's Presidency. Wallace completed Roosevelt's term, and served another, starting in 1948. In 1952, Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower won the election, ending Wallace's tenure.
Treaty of Peking
- Main article: Treaty of Peking
- In OTL, the Chinese Civil War crippled the country, and the Communist victory completely changed it.
The Treaty of Peking, in 1946, brought a peaceful end to the Chinese Civil War. Though the Kuomintang Government were declared the victors and Mao Zedong's Communist Party had lost their leader in the long march, any new socialist or Communist parties were allowed to become fully legitimate, and were allowed to participate in democratic elections. This gave China three years more to stabilize the country that it would have been possible.
Assassination of Josef Stalin
- Main article: Josef Stalin
- In OTL, Josef Stalin helped win the war for the allies in Eastern Europe.
He would do so here as well. However, not everyone would be pleased on how he went about with this.
The Four Policemen
United States of America
Capital: Washington, DC
Head of State: President Barack H. Obama
Head of Government: President Barack H. Obama
Official Language(s): None, English is de facto official.
Associated Ideology: Capitalism
User in charge of the nation:
United Soviet Socialist Republics
Head of State: President Dmitry Medvedev
Head of Government: Premier Vladimir Putin
Official Language(s): Russian, several other languages are official in sub-national divisions
Associated Ideology: Communism
User in charge of the nation:
Commonwealth of Nations
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II Windsor
Head of Government: Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma
Official Language(s): English, several other languages are official in member states
Associated Ideology: New Imperialism
User in charge of the nation:
Republic of China
Head of State: President Hu Jintao
Head of Government: Premier Wu Den-yih
Official Language(s): Mandarin Chinese
Associated Ideology: Third Position
User in charge of the nation:
Head of State: Title Name
Head of Government: Title Name
Official Language(s): Languages
Associated Ideology: Ideology
Head of State: President
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Official Language(s): French
Associated Ideology: Officially none, though Liberal Democracy dominates the Nation
Spheres of Influence
Though the Policemen work together, and have input across the globe, each has a specific sphere of influence, where they are expected to keep the peace.
The British sphere is the largest of the four spheres. It covers the British Empire (areas in the Americas; such as Canada, Jamaica and Belize; are shared with the United States); along with Africa, Western Europe, and some of the Middle-East.
The United States' sphere covers all of the Americas (areas belonging to the British Commonwealth are shared with the United Kingdom); along with most of the Pacific Ocean. Many areas have been labelled "American", despite not being in the official American zone, including: West Germany, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Israel and the Philippines.
The Soviet zone contains the least amount independent countries, as many have been absorbed into the USSR. It covers Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Countries with Communist governments are usually labelled "Soviet", whether they are within the Soviet sphere or not.
The Chinese zone is the smallest of the four, covering Eastern and Southeastern Asia. Areas belonging to the British Commonwealth are not officially part of the Chinese zone.
Global Politics are now essentially defined by three conflicting pairs of Ideologies, and Political Parties are usually described by their positions on each pair.
Capitalism and Communism
Capitalism is the patron ideology of the United States. It is primarily an economic ideology, focused on lesser government regulation of the Market; and greater freedom towards businesses. Supporters argue that Capitalism enables anyone to work, and make their own wealth; while opponents claim that it allows large Businesses to exploit employees and consumers, and dominate smaller Businesses.
Communism is the patron ideology of the Soviet Union. Like Capitalism, it focuses on economics; but it aims to create a State-dominated market, and focuses on workers' rights. Supporters argue that Communism prevents the upper classes from exploiting the poor; while opponents claim that it creates the perfect environment for Dictatorships to arise.
Dissolutionism and New Imperialism
Dissolutionism is the belief in the end of Imperialism, and the independence of colonies and dominions. It is usually adopted by National Independence Movements, and by Liberal political parties in countries with Empires (such as the British Liberal Democrats). Some Dissolutionists are against the "Four Policemen" system, claiming that it represents the New Era of Empires. Supporters argue that Dissolutionism liberates peoples who live under foreign rule; while opponents claim that it destroys the Economic, Military, Cultural and Social bonuses that Empires and Commonwealths bring.
New Imperialism is the patron ideology of the United Kingdom. It is the belief that the World's Empires should remain in place, and independence should not be granted to their territories. Supporters argue that, after the era of Imperial Egalitarianism, Empires now represent cooperation between their territories, rather than oppression by the mother country; while opponents claim that Empires are still tools of exploitation.
Liberal Democracy and the Third Position
Liberal Democracy is the belief that Capitalism and Communism are both good ideologies, but they both have flaws, and should not be taken to extremes. Supporters argue that combining the beneficial elements of Capitalism and Communism would create a society with "the best of both worlds"; while opponents argue that either Capitalism is flawed, that Communism is flawed, that both are flawed, or that they can never be successfully combined.
The Third Position is the patron ideology of China. It represents the belief that neither Capitalism nor Communism are effective forms of government, and that a completely independent ideology should be put in place. Supporters argue that this would remove the "Corporate Dictatorship" of Capitalism as well as the "State Dictatorship" of Communism; while opponents argue that either Capitalism is an effective ideology, that Communism is an effective ideology, or that both are effective ideologies.
|Country||Leader at time of suggestion||Leader at time of implementation||Sphere of influence||OTL problems faced||POD|
|United States of America (USA)||Franklin D. Roosevelt||Henry A. Wallace||Americas; Eastern Pacific||Relations with Soviet Union and China completely fell apart.||Roosevelt selects a different running mate in 1944.|
|United Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)||Josef Stalin||(To be confirmed)||Eastern Europe; Northern Asia||Relations with United States and United Kingdom completely fell apart.||Stalin's paranoia progresses into more serious mental health problems. He becomes merely a figurehead, and the task of running of the Soviet Union falls to other leaders.|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)||Winston Churchill||Clement Attlee||British Commonwealth and Empire; Western Europe||Economy was severely damaged by WWII. Most colonies became independent shortly after the War, weakening the country. Relations with Soviet Union and China completely fell apart.||Independence is granted to all Colonies; on the condition that they join the Commonwealth of Nations. Relations between Commonwealth members become much closer.|
|Republic of China (China)||Chiang Kai-Shek||Chiang Kai-Shek||Eastern Asia; Western Pacific (excluding British territory)||Economy was severely damaged by WWII. After the War, China was plunged back into Civil War. Relations with United States and United Kingdom completely fell apart.||With input from the other Policemen, the Kuomintang wins the Chinese Civil War; and the Communist Party of China becomes a legitimate, legal party.|