The Chinese Civilization started in 3000 B.C. It was originally in the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, and Shandong, controlled by the Xia Kingdom. In 1000 B.C., the Shang Kingdom succeeded it, and it conquered the neighboring provinces of Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Jiangsu, Anhui, and Shanghai. The Zhou Kingdom succeeded it in 800 B.C., and it added provinces Chongqing, Hubei, and Zhejiang to the kingdom. After the Zhou rose the Qin Empire in 200 B.C., which then conquered Ningxia, Gansu, Liaoning, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Guangdong, and Guangxi. It was during this magnificent empire that Vietnam, Korea, and Mongolia were subdued. The Han Empire followed after, which added Yunnan, Guizhou, and Xinjiang to its territory. A revolt by the Uyghurs was unsuccessful; the Han troops massacred the nomadic villages and burned down the temples. They even looted the entire region for gold, silver, and diamonds. A large amount of oil made the Han very rich. They continued to press into southern Vietnam, turning Burma, Thailand, and Khmeria into tribute states. Da Nang was burned to the ground when a Vietnamese soldier tried to assassinate the governor of the area. The Han also launched successful invasions into Qinghai and Tibet, forcing annual tribute to the Royal Court. After constant rebellions by the Xiongnu of Mongolia, who were supported by the Central Asians of the Steppes, the Han Army launched a new invasion into the Ferghana Valley. They destroyed the entire Kushan empire, and put Samarkand, capital of Transoxiana, to ruins. Modern day Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan was under Han control, who could easily send troops from Kashgar, of Xinjiang. When the Han Empire turned Afghanistan (Bactria) and Eastern Persia (Khorasan) to tribute states, the Maurya Dynasty of India was infuriated. They sent a huge army of elephants to the Afghan-Persian border to stop Chinese expansion into the region. The Chinese forces, allied with the Tibetans, sailed down the Indus and sacked the Indian capital of Paliputra, also taking the major cities of Punjab and Kashmir. This counterattack stopped the Mauryans invasion, and also helped weaken the empire itself.

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