Alternate History

The Aviation Era (Early World War I)

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With World War One now over, world peace could ensue. However with millions of soldiers and civilians dead (total number estimated at around 100 million dead) and lots of changes to international borders, a new world order was established with the loss of the Russian Empire and Ottoman Empire as major world powers. Britain, Germany, Japan, USA, and the USSR were the major world powers now, after the French oversea's empire was severely weakened and shrunk. Spain, Italy, Ethiopia, and the Chinese Empire were also beginning a new period of modernization and were becoming major world players. These countries as well as the new emerging nations began a series of talks to try to establish a way to ensure a global war on the same scale never happened again. Britain put forward the idea of a large council of world leaders which would talk and negotiate any problems which may occur, and resolve them by voting. Some other countries agreed to this, but some other countries saw this as a way for Britain and her allies to bully other countries into their demands, as they would have the majority of the countries on their side.

Many independent inquiries were carried out to discover some of the many war crimes of the war also began, and as a result many ex-generals and such, were put on war crimes trials. These trials were known as the Hague trials and lasted for many years which resulted in some generals, especially the warlords of Russia, Arabia and China being put on trial and executed.

The years after the war would be tough ones, full of re-stabilization of territories and the global economy. The world was split between five different political ideologies, these being: Democracy, Communism, Anarchy, Monarchy, and Fascism.

This time period is known as the Aviation Era as aeroplanes were becoming more advanced, an increasing number of blimps and Zeppelins being used as transport, more research into blimps and creating safer blimps, establishment of several air forces and air travel being established as a means of transport, albeit only for the rich...


In this year, the world is a very different place to what was in Our TimeLine, for one the Armenian Genocide doesn't happen, World War I finishes, but some things stay the same including:

  • January 12th - The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress.
  • January 12th - The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote.
  • January 19th - Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • January 28th – An act of the U.S. Congress designates the United States Coast Guard, begun in 1790, as a military branch.
  • Throughout March, the 1915 locust plague breaks out in Palestine; it continues until October.
  • May 22nd – The Quintinshill railway disaster in Scotland leaves more than 200 dead.
  • June 16th – The British Women's Institute is founded.
  • November 25th – The theory of general relativity is formulated.
  • Also Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of Pangaea.
  • Plus Women's suffrage is introduced in Denmark and Iceland.
  • As well as the discovery "Typhoid Mary", who while working as a cook at New York's Sloan Hospital under an assumed name, Typhoid Mary infects 25 people, and is placed in quarantine for life. However unlike OTL, US officals would later use her as a weapon to cause Typhoid epidemics in enemy nations...
  • Plus since the war had ended the British united the previously separate colonies of the Cape, Natal, Transvaal and the Orange Free State, into the Union of South Africa, a dominion of the British Empire.

The End of the War

Map of the World gifparts 1915A2

The War officially ended in August with the Saudi clan finishing their expansion with the surrender of the last fighting Arabian clan, and the modern day state of Saudi Arabia is established on August 1st as they also leave the war in a lavish ceremony. Abdul Aziz Al Saud, King (Malik) of the Saudi clan is declared King and absolute ruler over his Arabian Kingdom. King Ibn Saud wished his kingdom to be internationally recognized and began to help Britain to create its world council, however the Sauds wanted a more democratic, suggesting and observing council, rather than getting involved in other nation's affairs unless they so requested. As well as this the Saudi king begins various nation building processes such as building infrastructure including hospitals, roads, housing, and imposing law and order across Arabia, a notoriously unlawful region at the time. He was also impossing Sharia law across his nation in order to create a powerful Islamic state. In his capital of Riyadh, the Saud clan began the construction of a large place with a parliament building connected to it. However, the parliament building would just be where governmental business would be offically conducted from, where the King would listen to his advisors and governors about what he should do, and also the Saudi Royal Court (the Supreme court of Saudi Arabia) would be held in the parliament building. This major governmental building was to be large, lavish and the heart of the Saudi government where most government affairs would be discussed.

The Truly Victorious Allies


De Vinci's Armoured Car Designs

Other countries which were increasing in importance after a good performance in the war, were enforcing there control in their newly acquired territories by either rebuilding ruins, sending in settlers, expanding armies and navies, etc. Notably Italy was expanding its army and trying to become a major European power like France or Germany; as at this point in time Italy was one of the more powerful Imperial powers due to not having to fight for that long in the previous war, but they still got a lot out of the conflict. They did however worry about the Ethiopian gains in Djibouti and planned to colonize Ethiopia in the coming years. Italy was doing this by researching and creating experimental armoured car units based on Leonardo da Vinci’s designs for an armoured car by creating a cone shaped vehicle like De Vinci's but with a motor engine on a rotating axis so the wheels could spin around at any time and direction could be changed quickly. Their would be a gun turret on top would also rotate which would have a machine gun on top. The armoured vehicle was designed for quick movement, agility and scouting attacks; basically so the infantry's job was a bit easier.

Ethiopia on the other hand had got out of the war fairly early and had created a number of munitions factories in order to increase their arms trade and cash in on the global conflict. The guns weren't as good quality as European or American guns, but cash strapped rebels didn't mind and bought the Ethiopian guns in large quantities, resulting in large profits for the factory owners. With the war now over, the gun factories began to make more advanced weaponry in order to better arm Ethiopia's own army and navy, but they continued to make and sell cheap weaponry to the emerging nations. Ethiopia was aiming to become a world power through cheap manufacturing (like China in OTL) and they were rapidly improving their trade routes by creating the Addis Ababa-Jimma-Juba railway with the British. This new railway would allow cheap Ethiopian goods to be easily sold to the British in Juba, Sudan; and these goods could then be distributed throughout Africa via the Cape to Cairo railway.

Carlos I de Portugal

King Carlos leader of Portugal

Portugal had won some more land in China to expand their Macao colony, which saw many Portuguese businesses moving over to Macao to make use of the cheap labour. This war didn't cost Portugal all that much however they did get a lot out of it. King Carlos was promoting Portuguese growth and trying to make many trade deals with the new nations, in order to improve the Portuguese economy. He was also starting governmental reform to appeal to the Portuguese republicans, and his methods were appeasing most of the Portuguese people.

Spain were also seeking to improve there nation after a period of weakness in the late 1800s and they sought to go back to the glory days of the 16 and 17 hundreds, and to try to do this Spain wished to create an African Empire and then maybe try to regain its American territories.

The Nordic Countries of Norway, Sweden and Finland all gained some land from this war at Russia's expense. With the end of this war they entered a new period of peace and became leading nations in terms of fairness, democracy and new technologies. The established nations of Norway and Sweden both started various trade deals with their new Baltic neighbours and helped Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

The new Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania had been formed out of their independence movements and had began to establish their new states. However they had to be allies of Germany due to the terms of the German alliance. While this did help these emerging nations set out, some of the more nationalistic people wanted more independence but due to their position in terms of military strength they could do little to stop Germany. Most of the Baltic state's populations simply thought they should pay Germany back for helping them achieve independence. As the Germans themselves they wanted an alliance with the Baltic states but by no way wanted to control the states and wanted to leave the Baltics to their own accord so they could sort out their own country and empire. Poland was in a similar position to the Baltic states in the fact it was an emerging nation and being helped by Germany too.

The Republic of Crimea had been at peace for quite a while, they had started a large articutural industry farming mainly cereals and vegetables. Other industries included wine-making, salt production, small mining operations, and ship building. They were also noticing the increasing importance of oil and began to survey the land to see if any oil or gas resources where there. The Crimean army didn't really need to be too large, and each town had its own armoury from which the local populace could arm themselves if they were attacked by other nations. The government did however want to continue in the ship building business and wanted a navy too. They began to expand the ship yards in Sevastopol and other ports, but Sevastopol was to be the main ship producing area and home of the Crimean Navy.

Allied Woes

Britain had gained lots of overseas territories from the war and the Cape to Cairo railway was near completion, but they had pushed the nation close to bankruptcy and the national debt had soared. The British government sought to lessen this national debt by various trade deals with the new nations formed from this war, as well as a few cut backs in services, seeking war reparations and putting more responsibilities in the hands of the native populace to save money and to appease local nationalists. A big problem for Britain was the increasing anti-British sentiment in France and so the British attempted to appease the various French nationalist groups before they launched terrorist attacks against British.

Germany enters a period of restructuring after a devastatingly bad first World War, which may of ended in German victory but at an extremely high cost. With millions of German soldiers dead there is a lack of young working males and the government begin a campaign to start a 'baby boom' in order to help fill up the newly acquired German territories and to get its male population back up again. This is also coupled with more working women and an increased effort to make both sexes equal, resulting in a large universal suffrage campaign to get Women the right to vote. This leads quickly to women's rights being increased in Germany and females getting the vote. This is due to the mainly to the fact that women comprise the majority of the population and if the women rose up against the men, then the women would have won. Another problem was raising national debt caused by the war, which the main German plan to deal with was to claim large war reparations from Russia and France.

The Caucasus region had seen a lot of fighting in the war with the Russians, Ottomans, and various independence movements fighting to control the area. The nations of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Tatarstan and Abkhazia now controlled the Caucasus region but some other groups wanted their own states, so the Ossetians and Chechens started to organise themselves to make their own independence movements.

Mexico's president had stopped the various rebel groups trying to overthrow him, but it had cost him quite a lot of northern Mexico. The USA were also seeming to becoming more involved in Mexican affairs, and the people while benefiting from an improved rule they didn't like the idea of foreign nations ruling them. Only time would tell if Mexico was to benefit from increased US interference...

Appearing from the shadows of the Russian Empire

The Muscovy League/The Grand Duchy of Moscow was created after a rebellion of Russian aristocrats whose rebellion was based in Moscow. They began to create a nation which was fairly upper class and they ruled from luxury compared to the average citizen who worked in factories, lived in squalor and still didn't get the political rights they deserved. The only real difference between the autocratic Tsar's rule and the Muscovy league's rule was that a group of rich aristocrats rather than one, made the rules. They were however still close to the Tsar's empire because they still shared many similar policies.

Belarus was established by a number of Belarusian nationalists and they set up a republic for the Belarusian people. This nation had little going for it really and wouldn't really be a big player on a global stage for quite some time. Otherwise it would stay as a small farming nation praised for its large national forests which it protected under law, with some woods being exploited for timber, however they would be replaced with seedlings quickly, and this only took place on the outskirts of forests.

Ukraine was established from the Russian Civil War as Ukrainian nationalists wanted their own independence. This new nation was large and had a lot of fertile land, and so began to create an agricultural superpower. They also wanted to become a major power in east Europe so began to create a large army, a navy based in the sea of Azov and an air force.

The Don Cossack Republic was founded and the Cossack people had their own state from which would remain a farming state and they also bred horses of the highest quality. These horses would be sent out across the world to high class horse breeders from the Cossack ports on the sea of Azov's coast. Horses would become the republic's main export and they would become famous for their quality. They also formed large Cavalry units for their army and the Cossack army would be a mobile and quick, and invested in aero technologies to create nimble fighter planes to rule the skies. The navy would be a quick and not feature many large ships, but the merchant fleet would be the Cossack's main way of sea transport.

Abkhazia establishes itself as a small Black sea nation with many large towns being built along the coastline in which many factories, ship yards and terraced housing was being built. Abkhazia was to soon gain a reputation as a dirty industrial powerhouse with many products being built in its cramped industrial slums port cities. It also had many farms and mines across the rest of the nation with a few other large industrial cities but the majority of the cities where along the coastline. These cities would be powered by coal fueled power stations on the outskirts of the cities and hydroelectric dams in the mountainous regions.

Tatarstan had emerged from Russia as a homeland nation for the Tatar people of Russia; however their nation had some trouble in the south as the Chechen and Ossetian people demanded self-rule. These shouts would grow louder and louder until the following year, rebellion would break out. Otherwise Tatarstan was a new nation beginning to find its purpose is the world and hadn't yet decided on the path they would take.

The Mensivik Federation was the other Russian communist state formed from the old Russian Empire as a result of World War I. This state however followed a less extreme form of communism but was still allies with the USSR against non-communists. They set out to create a state ruled by the people for the people!

Georgia was facing problems from rebels in South Ossetia but other than this things looked to be improving for Georgia after a long war. Many hydroelectric plants where planed to be built which would power the majority of the country and the army has one of the strongest in the region after becoming extremely battle hardened in the wars against the Russian Tsar and the Ottoman Sultan. The army would stay as the main defence force in Georgia with a small coastal navy, and experimental air force.

Armenia's people had lost much in the wars against the Russians and the Turks but they had finally established their own christian nation, however they did require some more land as many other Armenians from across the world, especially those in Turkey and Kurdistan flooded into the country. However a large population would allow the Armenians to have a large workforce and army, with which they intended to take more land from Turkey.

Azerbaijan had gained ample land to promote its own nation, they set out to build a small navy to become the greatest sea in the Caspian. They also established good relations with the other Turkic nations like Turkestan and Turkey, but where a bit cautious of Turkey after Azerbaijan was invaded by the Ottoman Turks, however relations were improving.

Turkic Delights

The Empire of Turkestan had been carved out of the pre-war Russian Empire, and was a large Turkish state controlling most of Central Asia. This state was large and newly founded, so they were having difficultly controlling it and controlled mainly by the Emperor and his armies. This autocratic state began to make diplomatic relations, focusing a lot of its effort in becoming allies with follow Turk states (Turkey and Azerbaijan) and creating a large Turkic state. They encouraged the Turkic peoples of the world to come settle in their Turkish Haven, and the Turkestani authorities forcefully evicted non-Turkic peoples from Turkestan. This got so bad that the Turkestani government started trading non-Turkic people from Turkestan with the USSR for Turkic people from USSR. This was a virtual slave trade as the people given to the USSR became virtual slave workers in the Soviet factories, and the Turkic people coming into Turkestan struggled to make a living in the violent and lawless nation. Whether becoming a over-worked factory slave or a struggling migrant in a violent, lawless land, no-one other than the two nations governments got good out of this slave trade. It would be many decades until this slave trade was to be uncovered, and until that time this dark piece of history would remain unnoticed.

The Balkans reshaped

Greece had joined in the anti-Ottoman sentiment and gained some more territory from the Ottomans. With there old rivals now virtually defeated, Greece was beginning various measures and programs to become the main power in South East Europe. They were building a large navy mainly due to the many islands in the Greek state, and so they could increase there global trade routes. However there where tensions in Northern Greece from the ethnic Macedonians who wanted their land to become part of Macedonia.

Turkey was established from the fall of the Ottoman Empire and was establishing itself as a nation, but tensions with its old rulers in Istanbul remained high, especially with Istanbul trying to establish itself as a super-city. Turkey was still quite rural with many farms and such, but the government was trying to establish its own super-city in the capital Ankara by building lots of new buildings to house the Turkish government. Serbia had gained a lot of land in the south, and now their attentions turned to Austria-Hungary in order to gain more ethnic Serbian lands. They became a big power in the Balkans and they set up a trade deal with Montenegro so they could compete in global markets, however they didn't want to rely on overseas trade too much in case they get blockaded in war. The Serbian government encouraged lots of farms to be created; and for Serbs with gardens to grow their own vegetables to eat. They also began readying the Serbian army to attack Austria-Hungary by buying more advanced weaponry like field guns and machine guns. The Serbian Air Force (SAF) was also established to accompany the Serbian army in battle, and Serbian Universities where encouraged to offer courses concerning aero-technologies, like physics, engineering, metallurgy, and manufacturing. The Serbian University of Aero-technology was also established in Novibazar in order to promote ambitions of Serbian air power.

Macedonia had established itself politically but now had to put itself in the global economy in order to better themselves. They also saw Greece and Serbia as containing a lot of Macedonian land and wanted to reclaim these lands, but they wished to maintain friendly ties with Greece, and began to appeal to Greece to allow plebiscites in Northern Greece.

Montenegro made a trade deal with Serbia in order to allow Serbia to participate in global trade; but other than this Montenegro was trying to increase the capacity of its nation's economy and such. They also started a lot of investment into medical science. Albania had made many new neighbours from the result of the first world war but they would remain a poor nation. They tried to improve their nation's state of affairs but things weren't going very well, so they tried to start many manufacturing jobs but they were up against lots of competition from countries which were attempting similar things like Ethiopia or Crimea.

Bulgaria had gained a lot of territory from the Ottoman Empire and had opened up the Black Sea for international trade, after making the Dardanelles Straits international waters between them and Turkey. Bulgaria was also arming themselves rapidly to protect their large empire, and the Bulgar Czar wanted a mighty navy to be constructed, too. Bulgaria was otherwise going through a large Industrialisation process with many factories being built, and the modernization of the Bulgar armed forces.

The defeated clamber from the ruins

The French were also quite annoyed at losing many colonies from the war, and anti-German settlement grew even more, thanks to this second major defeat by them. Anglo-Franco relations suffered too, and the British tried to amend these relations, by offering to give back the Cotentin Peninsula. The French obviously accepted and then negotiations to return the area around Calais began. This loss though, gave raise to French Nationalists who wanted France back to her former glory and to punish Britain and Germany for humiliating France.

The Ottoman Empire had been nearly completely destroyed leaving only a shell of its former self. The Sultan's empire was to be forced to pay reparations to Greece, Bulgaria, and Turkey. However, it wasn't that large and they where expected to be paid off in a decade. He realized that he would have to re-organize the empire to cope with the lack of territory in the Ottoman rump state: so he began to forge a small city state, focused on international trading if he wanted his empire to even remain. He was also planning to charge a small fee for passing through the Bosporus to the Black Sea and vice versa. He also intended the city to be extended to the full borders of his fledgling empire, with massive walls and skyscrapers. The Sultan planned to create a magnificent city at the cutting edge of modern technology, architecture and centre for Islamic learning. They reduced taxes and began a large program to attract foreign architects, construction companies, industrialists, investors, businesses and banks.

The Russian Empire had been humiliated, forced to conceded most of her territory, the majority of her population killed and it looked like she'd be forced to pay large war reparations. Things were not looking good for the Tsar and his main supporters (the upper classes of Russia) had lost most of their money and businesses. With these huge problems the Tsar at once convened the Duma and attempted to appease the populace by listening very closely to their very word. The remnants of the Empire where ruins, the land was unworkable, factories demolished, populace dead, and spirit broken. The Tsar knew he had a very hard job ahead of him, trying to rebuild his empire. One of the ways the Tsar was planning to do so was to expand his shrunken empire and he looked to the Muscovy League to do so; the league was very similar to his own rule but a number of rich individuals rather than just him decided on the law. He set out to convince the league to join by offering them more rights than they had before in the Russian Empire, by giving them more power and more say in how the Tsar ruled.

In Asia

French Indochina is split up

Vietnam had won independence from France but due to its lack of infrastructure this new nation was a poor one and the government began to try to create a prosperous nation from the largely forested country, which relied lots on international aid.

Cambodia like Vietnam had also got independence from France but again was an undeveloped land relying on foreign aid. They were also thinking of becoming a protectorate of a major power to get help in developing its economy and infrastructure, however they did want to try to establish themselves as an independent nation.

Laos like Vietnam and Cambodia also gained independence from France, and again they were also an undeveloped land relying foreign aid. It was even worse in Laos because it was quite difficult for aid to get to because its neighbours also needed aid, and quite often Laos lost out on the aid to its poor neighbours. It would a backwards land, most of the population struggling to survive, and unfortunately this would continue for many more years.

New Nations emerge from China

Map of Asia 1915

Asia after the first World War

The Democratic Republic of Nanman was established in Southern China due to a number of Chinese republicans in the south of China wanting to create a fair republic state, however they weren't able to create a successful enough rebellion in the vastly populated south east China, so they went to the lesser populated areas of south west China and managed to take control of Yunan province. There new nation was called Nanman (Which literally means "southern barbarians") in reference to the southern barbarian tribes which China used to fight and trade with long ago; and also because the majority of the Nanman population was made up from ethnic minority groups like the include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao; which used to form the southern barbarians of yore. The cause of the state being founded and the "Nanman movement", was to promote political freedom and to give the people a greater say in the governing of the state; something which was virtually unheard of in Qing China. The army of Nanman began to plan elections for a president and cabinet to be elected the following year, the army leadership which was in charge until the elections however did put a few plans in motion like the creation of hydro-electric power plants to make use of Nanman's various rivers and mountainous landscape; they aimed for Nanman's electricity to be generated entirely from these dams. Otherwise they aimed to create a peaceful, free state whose people could freely live out their lives to the fullest.

The Chinese Democratic Republic was another republic created out of the old Chinese Qing empire, from a desire for more political freedom and democratic leadership. These people however didn't have as many natural resources as their Nanman counterparts, and instead went to become a manufacturing state, the main trade partner for Mongolia (Mongolia was landlocked so needed a nation to spread its exports overseas), and also elections for the CDR where held with President Chung of the Liberal party being elected.

Tibet achieved independence with the Dali Lama as head of state, his new nation became one to promote Buddhism. The nation was to remain a poor one though due to the lack of fertile land and unwillingness to become a capitalist society. Tibet was more concerned about being happy than being productive, so this nation didn't mind, and a largely agricultural economy formed with the peasants focused on producing food for themselves.

Mongolian Civil War

Bill Khan and his advisers

The Mongolian Kingdom gained independence from Qing China and had established itself as a Kingdom with Bill Khan as monarch. This was a poor nation due to the population mostly being farmers and nomads, and foreign companies were lining up to exploit Mongolia's many natural resources.

Chinese Socialist Republic was in a mainly desert region and as a result the rivers which went through the land were overpopulated with the majority of the population. The Chinese Workers Party noticed this and wished to expand into more prosperous lands. They began to increase their army and started many agricultural schemes to make the land more fertile but these would have devastating effects on those down river ...

China Proper

Emperor Yuan had established the New Yuan Dynasty in China in order to create a powerful Chinese state, free of international meddling and a homeland for the Han Chinese masses. However since China was already quite populated, the new Imperial-Nationalist regime in China began various "ethic cleansing" operations. However, these weren't as brutal as Serbian or German attempts in Our Time Line (OTL); they mainly were deporting Manchu Chinese to Manchuria, Tibetans to Tibet, Japanese to Japan, etc. The Emperor Yuan wanted to keep his China pure and proper, and in order to do so, he was intending to make China for the Han Chinese not anybody else. Yuan claimed this was to keep China's population under control and that non-Chinese people should be able to live in the Chinese homeland. In the early years of his reign his efforts were more to convince
Yuan shikai

Emperor Yuan

people to leave of their own will, then financial incentives, then forced deportation in later years.

He also set out a large modernization program of the Chinese army, navy and the creation of a small air force. The Chinese Imperial Air Brigade was created mainly to aid the army by noting enemy army movements, carrying out reconnaissance missions, and some planes where to drop bombs on the main enemy forces as they advanced. The Chinese Navy was to mainly serve as a coastguard and consisted of mainly old ships bought from other nations because they where obsolete. The Emperor didn't see much use in sea warfare and decided land based warfare, partnered with air forces was the way to go.

As well as this Emperor Yuan also changed the capital of China to the old capital of Luoyang and began various new construction projects in the new capital. He chose this as it was an old capital city of China, in the middle of China, and didn't have that many important buildings so many new buildings could be built in place without destroying too much China's history. Many fortifications where built to make the defence of Luoyang easier and a grand new place was built with a large Imperial court for the New Yuan Dynasty to rule China from.

Japan's new Asian order

The Japanese had established themselves as a major global power and had become the dominant power in the Northeast Pacific/Northeast Asia, and to cement this even further they were expanding by creating aircraft carrier ships so planes could be launched from sea to attack ships, hand-in-hand with this the Japanese were creating attack planes so they could attack ships from a distance, as well as to be used in land combat. Also the Japanese navy were being expanded so that they would be the major sea power in the Asia-Pacific region; only the USA in Hawaii and Alaska, and the British in Australia and Malaysia would rival Japanese supremacy. Also because of the various Japanese expansions, emigration to other countries was discouraged and instead they were offered land in the newly acquired territories such as Sakhalin, or in the new Japanese protectorate of Manchuria. As a result many overseas Japanese (like those in Brazil) also returned back to Japan to acquire cheap new land closer to home.

The two new Japanese created states of the Korean and Manchu Empires, they had given rise to a new Asian order. The Manchu Qing Dynasty wanted to create a strong new homeland for their fellow Manchus, to do this they expanded Vladivostok to serve as Manchuria's main port, and with this expansion a new shipping lane from Vladivostok to Niigata. This would allow a new trade of Manchu raw materials to Japan to be manufactured into goods to be sold by Japan. Emperor Pu Yi, still a child, was being ruled by Japanese diplomats mostly, and the expansion of Vladivostok and the new trade deals would serve to best Japanese manufacturers. Manchuria was becoming more independent as the eight year old Emperor grew to know more about the world. Japanese troops came in to train the Manchu armies, with most of the effort focused on protection against Soviet attack.

Korea had ensured some national rights so its people meaning they could govern themselves. The Korean Emperor eventually met with the Japanese emperor and they came to an agreement that Korea would govern itself and instead they would start an alliance and great friendship with the Japanese, however the Koreans would have to act diplomatically similar with Japan when dealing with foreign nations. Japanese troops moved out of Korea (into Manchuria) and Korea created their own self-defence forces, but Korea put most effort in creating a land army, with a small navy and air force, as Korea would be protected by the Japanese navy, and air forces hadn't been really implemented anywhere in the world.

On the road to stateless society

The USSR's Five year plan

The USSR had come out of this war fairly well, as they had left early and had mostly recovered from the war. Now the USSR wished to spread the communist ideals they lived by, and so the government of the USSR concluded a plan of action and Premier Trotsky told the people in a speech at the Soviet capital Ayamsk, on March 28th about how the USSR were beginning a five year plan in preparation for a global revolution of the proletariat.

As part of the plan, the USSR began construction of a secret underground bunker under Ayamsk and the movement of the town underground to protect it from the harsh cold and to hide it from the outside world. This bunker is where the USSR would command their world invasion and usher in a new age of Stateless communism eventually. Hundreds of weapons factories where built across the USSR in the cold tundras safe from spying foreign eyes. This huge war drive would cost billions of dollars and many lives, but for a nation which didn't believe in money and cared only for the greater good, this didn't matter. Furthermore the USSR established a deal with Turkestan to get in more workers needed for the large armament process, and Turkestan would gain Turkic nationals to come live in Turkestan.

The Anarchists roam

With the first world war over, the previously little supported anarchist groups had established two anarchic states, Ordos Free State and the Anarchist Republic of Nebesa. These two nations quickly established an anarchist alliance to try to help each other to establish a stateless society across the world. However it soon came to light that the two nations had slightly different ideas on anarchy, however these were solved fairly soon after the two nations realised that in an anarchic society it didn't matter what everybody did as interfering wouldn't be very anarchic of the overseeing "government" and they both sort the final result of a stateless society. They planned to join together the two anarchic nations and create a large block of anarchy by invading Turkestan and the Chinese Socialist Republic. This would of course take a every long time and a lot of military strength, a long term plan began to increase the anarchic armies' capabilities plus lots of guerrilla terrorist cells were trained and prepared to be sent into Turkestan to destabilize Turkestan so the anarchists could invade easier. The invasion was planned to be within the decade to take advantage of the lack of control the Turkestani government had over its empire.

However, while these two anarchic states planned to take over the world and remove the power of the state across the world, they where highly criticized by many anarchists for being far too much like a communist state, especially by Nabat. While the rule of the anarchic "government" in Ordos and Nebesa was a lot less harsh than the Dictatorship of the proletariat in the USSR, it wasn't anarchic enough for a lot of anarchic theorists. However the people living in these states where happy that a non-interfering government was in charge and they had more freedom then they had ever had.

Despite this though, since the anarchists and communists believed in the same final goal of Stateless communism/Stateless society talks began between the anarchic nations and the communist ones in joining up to start a world revolution as part of an Alliance for the creation of stateless society.

American Expansionism

American expansionism which started in World War I was continuing by declaring the Territory of Alaska was to be split up into three separate departments which would later become states; these were the department of Alaska, the department of South Alaska, and the department of the Aleutian Islands. The Aleutian islands were to become to a navy base to base American sea operations in the North Pacific from; and these departments would eventually become states after necessary infrastructure had been built.

The USA's expansion was gaining more publicity not only from its own people but from the international community too. The USA was using propaganda posters concerning civilizing the Americas and the concept of "Manifest Destiny" was becoming popular again, mostly to justify the annexation of poorer nations like Cuba and Mexico.

The US government also created two new departments from the newly acquired Mexican territories, making the departments of Baja California, Sonora and Chihuahua. A lot of US factories moved south to make use of the cheaper labour in the new departments.

This rapid expansion by the USA though was becoming a great deal of concern for a number of nations, for one the Japanese thought the creation of a navy base in the Aleutian Islands was purely to attack Japan from, as the USSR had no major military presence in the North Pacific and Far eastern Siberia. This worrying expansion also scared Mexican nationalists who saw the government selling out to the USA. The other nations in Central America and the Caribbean were also concerned, as the USA were becoming more involved in global affairs, expanding into Cuba and Mexico, and they practically owned the Panama Canal. Britain for one was unsure on what to do, Anglo-American relations were improving quite a bit, but this American expansion threatened British colonies, dominions and allies.


In 1916 the light switch was invented by William J. Newton and Morris Goldberg in April; on May 21st, Britain initiates daylight saving time; from July 8th to July 16th, two different hurricanes cause massive flooding in western North Carolina; on July 15th William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing) in Seattle, Washington; and the Netherlands is hit by a North Sea storm that floods the lowlands and killing around 10,000 people. As well as all this the cancelled 1908 Summer Olympics is re-scheduled and takes place as the 1916 Summer Olympics, which is hosted in London due to the previous games which London was meant to host.

The USA gains more states

The US government's plan of expansion continues with Arizona and New Mexico becoming states and joining the union as the 48th (Arizona) and 49th States (New Mexico) respectively.

The Ossetian Revolution

After Ossetian groups planned an independence movement last year and managed to get some rights from Tatarstan, they largely failed in Georgia, so the Ossetians focused the majority of their efforts on getting independence from Tatarstan firstly and then taking Georgian Ossestia. This resulted in demos from January, protests from April, armed riots from May and guerrilla warfare (with Chechen rebels too) from July. Fortunately for the Ossetians the Tatarstani government had more important matters to attend to and quickly gave in around October after months of turmoil in south Tatarstan, and on October 22nd Ossetia gained independence.

The Chechen Revolution

The Chechen separatists tried to get a peaceful separation from Tatarstan with demos and protests but then in May, they followed Ossetian suit and started armed riots and then in July launched a guerrilla campaign with Ossetian guerrillas. The turmoil in south Tatarstan was too much for the Tatarstani government to handle and gave Chechnya independence on October 23rd.

The French Christmas Coup

Britain agrees to return most of British occupied France in the North, but the British retain control of Calais and a 5 mile radius around it for defence purposes. The majority of this five mile radius would be mined, and with bunkers across the region, to protect Calais from French Nationalists. This appeased most French people, and Anglo-British relations began to improve. Plus with the return of these French territories by Britain caused support for the French nationalists to decrease.

French Nationalists start to see support for them dwindle, so they devise a plan for a coup and attack on Calais. Then after control of the government and army, they would attack Germany. This plan is set to be commenced on Christmas day as the nationalists expect security to be lax due to the celebrations. The plan would include various national and right-wing groups from France, but it would be led by the recently founded French National Pride Party (Partie Française Fierté Nationale or PFFN), and by there charismatic leader Jean-Paul Deveraux, an ex-soldier who was ready to fight to the death in the war, but was stationed in a reverse unit in Paris to protect it, however the war ended before the fighting reached Paris, so Jean-Paul never got to fight. His love and passion for his country was greater than anyone there and he got all of the French Nationalists organised for his carefully thought-out plan to bring France back to its glory before the war.

On December 24th 1916 at 22:37, Jean-Paul Deveraux leader of the PFFN lead an assault against British held Calais by sneaking into Calais in a convoy of trucks posing as merchants seeking to trade and send there goods to Britain. However these trucks were filled with French nationalist Militia and when they entered Calais they jumped out and tried to over-run British positions while supported by mortar fire, thanks to a defecting French army unit. Around a third of the British garrison died in this initial assault, however as soon as the other troops heard the mortar fire they quickly ran into the fort and managed to hold off the majority of the PFFN forces for 4 hours or so, but after the PFFN finally broke the siege and killed all of the British people there. At 3:21 Calais was under complete PFFN control and free of British soldiers and citizens. This mass slaughter of British citizens was coupled with attacks on the French Upper Chamber (Sénat), lower chamber (Corps législatif), and the Assemblée Nationale; as well as several smaller attacks on French governmental buildings. All of these other assaults failed except the attack on the Sénat which was taken after a two hour assault (this is due to the majority of the PFFN forces being involved in the Calais attack). The French government took back the Sénat building at 3:01 as the PFFN forces had been largely wounded in the initial assault and the remaining able-to-fight PFFN militia were easily out-gunned and numbered.

The French and British began to communicate at 12:09 concerning re-taking of Calais (they expected the garrison would be eventually defeated and/or surrender) and at 3:52 they made contact with PFFN leader Jean-Paul Deveraux and demanded they surrender at once, return any hostages immediately and to lay down their arms. Deveraux refused and replied by firing their artillery guns at the blockading British battleships. The British rather than fire back and risk damaging their port and citizens moved the blockade further out to sea to escape the range of the artillery guns. The British then sent in elite British marine units from the blockade to unload at Dunkirk. These units would then meet up with French units and retake Calais in a joint operation. The assault to retake Calais began at 4:57, after 30 minutes of heavy fighting Jean-Paul Deveraux decided to give up as he knew he couldn't win as the rest of his coup had failed. Deveraux and the rest of the PFFN members were arrested and later convicted of high treason and various other offences within a month. The majority of the PFFN coup conspirators were sent to the penal colony of French Guiana for life sentences, with the rest being sent to other prisons to carry out life sentences. With the PFFN's leaders imprisoned the party lost most of its support as the British returned three of the five mile radius of Calais back to France, and the British de-mined the remaining two mile British Calais perimeter. As well as the reduction in the perimeter of Calais the British also changed their ownership of Calais to a 99 year lease (like that of Hong Kong's for example), this pleased the majority of the French populace, but there was still anti-German sentiment rife throughout France...


This year won't be documented until the rest of the pre-1917 articles (like those in WW-I) are completed to a higher standard. I would like some help in doing this, so please message me and I'll see here you can help out. VonGlusenburg 17:39, April 6, 2011 (UTC)

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