The American Parliament

In this timeline the First Continental Congress sends off plans for a union with Great Britain and the colonies. The plan sees a Grand Council of the colonies to be formed and to act as a Colonial Parliament, a President General would be sent by the Crown to oversee the council. These measures were surprisingly accepted by the British Parliament and so the colonies remained British.



May 1773 (The Tea Act)- Prime Minister Lord North passes a bill allowing the failing East India Company to have the monopoly in selling tea to the colonies. The colonists think this is another ploy to get taxes from them and are outraged. From all the colonies only Massachusetts Bay colony allows the tea ships to enter harbour, but Governor Hutchinson's decision is not well liked by the people of Boston.

December 1773 (The Tea riot)- In response to the Governor Hutchinson allowing three British ships carrying tea to enter Boston harbour local radicals dressed up as Natives and threw almost 350 chests of British tea into the sea. British regulars were swift to act and arrested the majority of the rioters, they were later tried and given 5 years hard labour. As a result the East India Company, for the most part, crumbles.

March-June 1775 (The intolerable acts)- As a result of the Boston Tea Riot the British parliament passes the 'intolerable acts' in an attempt to reassert control in Massachusetts Bay colony.

September-October 1775 (Continental congress)- All of the colonies send delegates to Philadelphia to try and resolve the growing rift between the Crown and her subjects in the colonies. They come up with an idea for a union with Great Britain, a Grand Council of the colonies would act as a Colonial Parliament. This council would be overseen by a representative of the Crown. The congress gives Great Britain until December 1775 to respond.

December 1775- The Prime Minister Lord North, fearing further repercussions from the colonies over the intolerable acts, agrees to most of the points of union suggested by the Continental Congress. In January 1775 the Colonial Council act (1775) was passed through Parliament.

February 1776- Despite the first colonial elections coming up in April the people of Boston attempt to storm the Old Meeting House where Governor Gage was drawing up plans for the elections. After regular troops are sent in the Governor issues martial law to attempt to curb the riots.

April 1776- The first elections take place n the colonies and Governor of Massachusetts Bay colony and Commander in Chief of the British forces in North America, Thomas Gage, becomes the First Grand President of the colonial council.

June 1776- In Boston rioters storm British warships stationed in Boston harbour. This would mark the beginning of the New England Summer.

July 1776- Grand President Gage repeals the intolerable acts across the colonies and introduces a Colonial Army headed by General Benedict Arnold.

July 1776- General Arnold is told that Bostonian rebels are stockpiling weapons at Marlborough near Boston. He is ordered to attack the supplies, when he arrives British Forces under General William Howe reinforce him. The rebel forces led attack the Colonial forces head on and after shots are fired upon them the rebels retreat.

September 1776- After hearing of the attack at Marlborough the Colonial Council sends in armies under Colonel George Washington to disperse the rebel forces in New England.

October 1776- Rebel forces in Rhode Island colony capture the city of Providence and delegates from Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire colonies all met in Boston to discuss what action to take against Gage.

December 1776- The United States of New England is proclaimed after delegates in Boston declare independence from Great Britain.

February 1777- General Washington offers his services to the USNE, he is appointed Commander in Chief of their forces and takes the 6,000 Colonial army troops with him. General Arnold (who had been recalled to Philadelphia in July 1776) marches on Boston. While General Howe leads British regulars to attack Washington at Providence.

March 1777- General Washington is defeated at Providence and is forced to retreat. Samuel Adams (President of the USNE) orders Washington to retreat to Boston. Howe moves South to meet Arnold.

June 1777- General Arnold arrives in Massachusetts with a force of 20,000 men from all over the colonies. He is ambushed by Washington just outside Connecticut. However, Arnold manages to turn the tide of the battle and Washington and his army are force to retreat back to Boston.

July 1777- Howe and Arnold finally reach Boston after heavy fighting and the siege of Boston begins.

September 1777- The siege of Boston ends and the United States of New England are crushed. General Washington and his staff manage to escape with a small army of men to the West and into the Wilderness.

October 1777- Samuel Adams and other USNE sympathisers are taken to Philadelphia by Arnold. They are spat on through the streets and taken to court. Here the judge sentences them to death by being hung drawn and quartered (a traditional traitors punishment), their heads are put on pikes in Boston.

January 1778- George Washington and his army attack Charleston, South Carolina and retreat bac off into the wilderness.

1778-1780- Minor skirmishes continue in the South in Virginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia colonies. Washington carries on his attacks and always manages to elude the colonial armies.

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