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The 1946 Battle for Qatar


1946 Trucial States Rebellion

The 1946 Battle For Oman
1983DD Oman map The Sultanate of Oman

December 21, 1946


December 27, 1946




A close Axis victory

Major battles:

Muscat, Sohar, Al-Hallaniyah and Salalah,


Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Germany
Flag of Turkey Turkey
Flag of Spain (1945 - 1977) Spain
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980) Persian volunteers
Flaggenentwurf 7 Südwestafrika 1914 Namibian German ex-pat volunteers
Flag of Transvaal Boar nationalist rebels
Avar Arab Ba'arth republic of Dammam local Arab rebels
Flag of the State of Aden South Yemeni Arab separatists
Flag of Argentina Argentine volunteers

Flag of Oman Oman
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 South African garrison forces
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
British Raj Red Ensign British Indian garrison forces
Flag of the State of Aden United Kingdom Colony of Aden colonial troops


Flag of Turkey General Mustafa Abdul Hülia
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Major General Erwin Rommel
Reichskriegsflagge38-45 Major General Stefan Kurt Graff

Flag of Oman Shiekh Fahd bin Qaboos bin Said bin Mahmoud al Said
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Captain Henery Viktor De-Volk




Casualties and Losses




Oman ( Arabic: عمان‎ ʻUmān), officially called the Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: سلطنة عُمان‎ Salṭanat ʻUmān), is an Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Oman's plentiful mineral resources included chromite, dolomite, zinc, limestone, gypsum, silicon, copper, gold, cobalt and iron. There are also minor and then not fully measured deposits of silica ore in Wadi Buwa and Abutan in the Wusta Region, with magnesium ore else ware. Oil and Gas were rumoured to exist in some northern provinces to. With Turkey and Germany realizing oil was also of importance to the Allies, a small detachment of German secret agents, Persian volunteers, Namibian German ex-pats, Boar nationalist rebels and Turkish troops covertly by see on several cargo ships to encourage a local rebellion against both the sultan and British colonial rule. Control of any access to the Gulf of Oman would prove vital if the Allies were to be denied Saudi oil supplies. The conflict came in the days between the 1946 Battle For Bahrain and the 1946 Trucial States Rebellion.

Al-Hallaniyah in the Muriya Islands, Muscat, Sohar and Salalah were targeted for the landing of Axis forces. Al-Hallaniyah, Muscat and Salalah would hold out due to the bravery of British garrison forces and the lack of Arab rebels, but the lightly defended Sohar would fall to the combined forces of the Namibian German ex-pats, Turks and Boar nationalist rebels who would, along with several local pro-Turkish and Arab nationalist insurgent groups, cause much havoc in the Dhofar province and disrupt British Middle Eastern policy for several years to come. Muscat would also finally succumb to the Turkish, Arab rebel and German assault. The partially successful 6 day anti-colonial rising did not work as well as expecting, but the Allied forces would soon be distracted as the enemy forces would soon start the 1946 Trucial States Rebellion. German cruiser Lippie would help protect the advancing rebels and shell out Muscat, Sohar, and Salalah during the rebellion on the 21st and 22nd.

Causes of the conflict

The cutting off the Allied oil supply was seen as a tactical necessity at the time.


Both Turkey and Germany had realised oil was also of importance to the Allies. An Arab successful insurgency could gain them some permanent access to Gulf oil, while blowing up pipelines and alike could reduce output to the Allies for some time. The Turkish navy had been rebuilt and sent directly to the Middle Eastern theatre, bombarding and seizing the coastal ports. Namibian German ex-pats, Boar nationalist rebels, British Indian and South African forces would prove invaluable, since they, like the peoples of the Middle East, were used to the extreme heat.


A close Axis victory. Turkish forces successfully captured Muscat and left a large garrison of 300,000 men there, which was fully capable of holding out against any further Allied attacks. Measures were later taken to improve local farming in dates, limes, grain and vegetables.

Political outcome

The Boer rebels, Namibian German ex-pats, Turkey and Persia were emboldened and stayed on the Germans' side. South Africa's leader, Jan Smuts, would also praise his troops' efforts and rally the colonial forces in the Gulf for many years to come.

Also see

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