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Texas (Toyotomi)

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Fédération de Texas
Federation of Texas
Federación de Texas
Official languages French, English, Spanish
Other languages Japanese
Capital San Antonio
Presidents Jean-Pierre Dubois, Gordon Masterson, Luis Hernandez
Independence 1836
Currency North American Dollar
Former Currency Texan peso

The Federation of Texas is located in south-central North America.

History

Pre-Independence

Texas was originally a northern section of New Spain, and later Mexico. It was settled largely by immigrants from modern-day Arkansas, though some immigrants from the North American Confederation arrived as well.

In 1835, the Franco-Texans declared independence from Mexico. After the short War for Texan Independence, the First Republic of Texas was proclaimed.

First Republic

The Republic was divided. Many wished to merge with New France, while others wished to remain a e nation, and some of the Anglo inhabitants wished to join the North American Confederation.

By the 1840's, the Louisianists, as the advocates of union with New France were known, had taken control of the Republic. In 1842, they passed a bill requesting union with New France. King Louis XVII et II granted consent, and Texas became part of New France, divided into 6 provinces (Nacogdoches, Sabine, Anahuac, Brazos, Bexar, and San Patricio)

New-French Period

Texas was now ruled from Québec. This brought opposition not only from Mexico, but also from the North American Confederation, neither of whom wished to see French power extended on the continent, as well as both entertaining thoughts of annexing it themselves. Both demanded that Texas be restored to sovereignty. Louis rejected the demand, and in 1844, the First Texas War (1844-1846) broke out. By the end of the war, New France was forced to renounce their claims to Texas. Texas was once again a nominally independant state.

NAC forces remained in Texas, however, marking the start of greater Anglo immigration

Second Republic

The Second Republic was brief. It was plagued with corruption, and troubled by interference by both NAC and Mexican agents. By 1850, many were beginning to blame democracy itself for Texas' problems, and in 1853, a revolution overthrew the Republic. A kingdom was declared, but without a king.

First Kingdom

A Council of Regents was proclaimed until a king had been found. Henri, the youngest brother of King Louis III of the Frances, was chosen, being crowned as Henri I of Texas.

Unfortunately, Henri proved short-lived. He died in 1858, passing the throne onto his brother Charles. As Charles was also first in line for the throne of New France, this lead to the First War of the Texan Succession, fought between New France and Texas on the one hand, and the North American Confederation and an Anglo-led Republican rebellion on the other.

The war ended in 1860. Charles was forced to renounce the throne of Texas, beginning a brief interregnum that ended in the proclaimation of the Third Republic.

Third Republic

The Third Republic sought to integrate itself closer with the North American Confederation. Even many Franco-Texans began to side with the Anglos on that issue as Mexico began to make provocations along the border. In 1872, Mexico declared war upon Texas, ostensibly to collect debts owed the Mexican government. The NAC proclaimed war on Mexico in defense of Texas, beginning the Second Texan War (1872-1876), seen by many as a kind of "preview" of the Third Global War. The war ended in a Texan-NAC victory. The border of Texas was pushed westward and southward to the Rio Grande.

In exchange for their assistance, the NAC demanded that Texas give up the institution of slavery. Upon the completion of the war, the Texan legislature passed an act abolishing slavery.

United Texan States

The abolition of slavery led to protests and threats of civil war, acting as the spark behind long-running discontent. The issue of dividing up the new territory among the provinces also led to conflict. In 1879, a Constitutional Convention was called to draw up a new constitution. A new Constitution was adopted which established a federal republic, granting far greater autonomy to the provinces (now called states or états). Under the new Constitution, French and English were to be co-official languages, and the name of the nation was the United Texan States in English or États-Unis de Texas in French. Spanish was to be given special status in those states where it was a majority.

Third Global War

The Third Global War proved disastrous for Texas. The newly-formed states of Santa Fe and Albuquerque were lost, annexed by Misuri, while the State of El Paso and the Territory West of the Pecos were annexed by Mexico. The states of Red River, Sabine-du-Nord, Sabine-du-Sur , Nacogdoches, and Angelina, as well as parts of the states of Neches and Houston were annexed by Arkansas.

Second Kingdom of Texas

After Texas' disastrous defeat in the Third Global War, the United Texan States began to falter. The government was overthrown in 1902, and a Restored Kingdom was declared. As king, one Henri ???? was chosen, being crowned Henri II.

Union with Mexico

In 1927, the Empire of Mexico invaded. Emperor Salvador of Mexico proclaimed himself King Salvador of Texas. By 1930, most of the resistance was crushed, and Texas was fully incorporated into the Empire of Mexico. Those provinces lost to Mexico were restored to the puppet kingdom.

Restoration

The Texans were never content under Mexican rule, and in 1955, Louis, former Crown Prince of Texas, was crowned by rebels as King of Texas in opposition to Salvador. This began the Third Texan War as the League of North American States aided the rebels against Mexico. Mexico was forced in 1957 to renounce their claims to Texas. Those territories formerly lost to Misuri and Arkansas were restored to Texas.

The restored kingdom did not last long. In 1961, King Louis stepped down, ceding power to a democratically elected congress, initiating the Fourth Republic, which soon gave way to the Federation

Fourth Republic

The Fourth Republic was initiated under the presidency of ????. It proved fragile, as the Anglo and Hispanic minorities demanded greater autonomy. In 1970, the Republic was dissolved and the present Federation was proclaimed. The Republic was divided into three ethnic states, Rio Grande (Hispanic), Nouvelle-Louisianne (French) and Anglo-Texas (Anglo), later renamed Houston. The capital area became a distinct Federal District

Federation

The Federation has proved a fairly stable governmental form, despite attempts by Mexico to induce Rio Grande to secede from the Federation and merge with the Empire.

From its creation, it was a decentralized entity. This grew increasingly so during the 70's and early 80's while, at the same time, the League of North American States was growing more powerful. The federal government was thus losing authority in two directions, devolving to the states and ceding to the League. By 1985, many were beginning to speak ironically of the Holy Texan Empire, comparing it with the former Holy Roman Empire as a similarly disorganized entity. In that year, a new political party was formed in all three states, the Centralists. This movement took control of the Presidency after the 1988 election of President ??? ??? from Nouvelle-Louisianne. It had already taken control of the Congress in 1986. A series of amendments were passed granting greater strength to the federal government, culminating in 1990 with the Presidency Reform amendment, which eliminated the three-man presidency, replacing it with a single president, elected for a 5-year term with the possibility of re-election. In 1992, the 11th presidency was abolished, and the first pan-Texan Presidential Election was held.

This first wave of centralization lost momentum after the presidential reform.

After the election of Jean-Pierre Dubois in 1997 (he was subsequently re-elected in 2002) as President of the Federation, a second period of centralization began. Another set of amendments were passed in 1999-2003 further strengthening the central government. A proposal to dissolve the state governments was passed by Congress but rejected by the people. This ended the second centralization era.

Today, a decentralization movement is gaining ground, believing that the centralists went too far. The state governments have regained some lost power, but only in a few relatively minor areas.

Government

Executive Branch

The Federation is governed by an Executive Council of three Presidents, one elected from each ethnic state. Each President serves a six-year term. The Presidencies are staggered, so that every two years, one of the states elects a new president. Upon the creation of the Federation, it was agreed that the Président de la Nouvelle-Louisianne would serve a full 6 years, the President from Anglo-Texas's term would expire in 1972, while the Presidente del Rio Grande's term would expire in 1972. If a president dies or is otherwise removed from office before his term is up, the head of the state Senatorial delegation serves as temporary president until a special election is held to choose a replacement to serve out the rest of the former president's term. No president may be re-elected. Each trio is collectively referred to as a Presidency and numbered from the 1st Presidency elected in 1970. Thus, the current Presidency, formed with the election of ??? as President from Houston in 2004, is the 18th Presidency.

Legislative Branch

The Congress is bicameral, consisting of a Sénat/Senate/Senado with 40 senators from each state and a Chambre des Représentants/House of Representatives/Cámara de Representantes with representatives from each province in proportion to the population thereof.

Judicial Branch

The federal judicial branch is limited to cases arising from Constitutional disputes. Disputes between states are handled by the Congress and the Presidency.

State Powers

The Constitution of the Federation of Texas grants broad authority to the state governments, even extending to the right of secession. All powers not explicitely delegated to the federal government are delegated to the state governments. Every state is required to be democratic and to extend equal rights to citizens of the other states, and to grant a number of rights, such as the religious freedom and free speech. Nouvelle-Louisianne is currently contemplating becoming a constitional monarchy with Queen Marie II of Arkansas as Queen, which the Supreme Court ruled in 1997 did not conflict with the constition's democratic guarantees, provided the monarch's powers were sufficiently limited and subject to popular oversight.

Geography

Texas borders the Empire of Mexico, Misuri and Arkansas

Texas is divided first into three ethnic states plus the federal district, and then the states are divided into 27 provinces.

Divisions

Estado del Rio Grande

  • El Paso
  • Las Cruces
  • Nueces
  • San Saba

État de la Nouvelle-Louisianne

  • Albuquerque (Japanese-speaking minority)
  • Anahuac
  • Angelina
  • Guadalupe
  • Louisville
  • Lower Brazos
  • Matagorda
  • Nacogdoches
  • Navasota
  • Neches
  • Red River
  • Sabine-du-nord
  • Sabine-du-sur
  • Santa Fe (Japanese-speaking minority)
  • Trinité

State of Houston

  • Bexar
  • Brazos
  • Colorado
  • Houston
  • Odessa
  • Pecos
  • San Angelo
  • San Patricio

Federal District

  • San Antonio

List of Rulers of Texas

First Republic

Presidents of the Republic

Province of Texas

Governors-General

  • 1842-1846

Second Republic

Presidents of the Republic

  • 1846-1849
  • 1849-1852
  • 1852-1853

First Kingdom

Third Republic

Presidents of the Republic

  • 1860-1863 Sam Houston
  • 1863-1867
  • 1867-1871
  • 1871-1875
  • 1875-1879

United Texan States

Presidents of the National Congress

  • 1879-1883
  • 1883-1887
  • 1887-1891
  • 1891-1895
  • 1895-1899
  • 1899-1902
  • 1902

Second Kingdom

 ?? Dynasty

Iturbide Dynasty

  • 1927-1957 Salvador (Emperor of Mexico, 1915-1965)

 ?? Dynasty Restored

Fourth Republic

  • 1961-1966
  • 1966-1970

Federation

Collective Presidencies

With the exception of the 1st Presidency, only the new member is listed

  • 1970-1972 1st Presidency:
  • 1972-1974 2nd Presidency: (Rio Grande)
  • 1974-1976 3rd Presidency: (Anglo-Texas)
  • 1976-1978 4th Presidency: (Nouvelle-Louisianne)
  • 1978-1980 5th Presidency: (Rio Grande)
  • 1980-1982 6th Presidency: (Houston)
  • 1982-1984 7th Presidency: Georges-Herman Dubois (Nouvelle-Louisianne)
  • 1984-1986 8th Presidency: (Rio Grande)
  • 1986-1988 9th Presidency: (Houston)
  • 1988-1990 10th Presidency: (Nouvelle-Louisianne)
  • 1990-1992 11th Presidency: (Rio Grande)

Unitary Presidents

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