Terra Nova and Labrador
Terra Nova e Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador
Talamh an Éisc
(Terranovan Irish)

— Province of Canada
Timeline: Parallel Brazil

OTL equivalent: Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador Coat of Arms of Newfoundland and Labrador
Flag Coat of Arms
Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada
Location of Terra Nova and Labrador
Anthem "O Canada"
Capital Aquilon
Ethnic group White - 87%
(English, Brazilian, French, Irish and other Europeans descent)
Amerindian - 4,6%
(Inuit and North American Indians)
Black - 4,2%
(Afro-Brazilian and African descent)
Asian - 3%
(Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, other)
Métis - 1,2%
Demonym Terranovan, Labradorian, Newfoundlander
Government Province of Canada
  legislature Magisterium of Terra Nova and Labrador
GDP (Nominal) Total - C$ 287.1 billion
(US$ 221.9 billion)

per capita - C$ 63,614
(US$ 49,168)

Area 405,212 km2 
Population Total - 4,624,521 inhabitants

Density - 11.14/km2 

Established COU's colonization
Cession to Britain
Confederation with Canada
Currency Canadian Dollar (C$)
Terra Nova and Labrador is the most easterly province of Canada. Situated in the country's Atlantic region, it comprises the island of Terra Nova (Newfoundland) and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). In 2015, the province's population was estimated at 4,624,521. About 70% of the province's population lives on the island of Terra Nova (and its neighbouring smaller islands). It is Canada's only Portuguese-speaking province, with 83% of residents (about 3,838,300 people) reporting Portuguese as their mother tongue in the 2015 census. About 92% of its population speaks Portuguese as first or second language and 99% speaks English (Newfoundland English).

Historically, Terra Nova was also home to unique varieties of French and Irish, as well as the extinct Beothuk language. In Labrador, local dialects of Innu-aimun and Inuktitut are also spoken.

Terra Nova and Labrador's capital and largest city, Aquilon, is Canada's 4th largest metropolitan area (with 2,031,213 inhabitants in 2011), and is home to half of the province's population. Aquilon is the seat of government, home to the Magisterium of Terra Nova and Labrador and to the highest court in the jurisdiction, the Terra Nova and Labrador Court of Appeal.

A former colony of the Brazilian Overseas Trading Company (COU) , it was populated by Brazilians until 1793, when the COU ceded it to Great Britain by the Treaty of Plymouth. The treaty also forced the British to sign the Terranovan Act, recognizing Portuguese language and Brazilian culture in the province, commiting to never diminish of persecute the Brazilians in Terra Nova and Labrador, similar to the Quebec Act, which recognized French culture in Quebec.

After being colony and then dominion of the United Kingdom, Terra Nova and Labrador became the tenth province to enter the Canadian Confederation on March 31, 1949, as "Newfoundland", its English name. On December 6, 1971, an amendment was made to the Constitution of Canada to change the province's official name to Terra Nova and Labrador. In day-to-day conversation, however, non-Terranovan Canadians generally still refer to the province itself as Newfoundland and that part of it on the Canadian mainland as Labrador.

As the core of the Portuguese-speaking population in Canada (77% of the Brazilian Canadian Lusophone population of 4,984,873 people, 14,2% of the Canadian population), Terra Nova and Labrador fought since its admission to the Confederation to have Portuguese as equal status as English and French. Finally, in April 7, 1975, after two decades of the campaign "We Speak Canadian to", the Canadian Parliament enacted the Third Language Act, turning Portuguese the third Canadian official language.

Terranova and Labrador is one of the richest and most developed Canadian provinces, with the 4th highest nominal GDP and 6th highest nominal GDP per capita.


The English name "Newfoundland" is a translation of the Portuguese "Terra Nova" which means New Land, that is also reflected in the French name for the Province's island part (Terre-Neuve). The influence of early Portuguese exploration and Brazilian colonization is also reflected in the name of Labrador, which derives from the surname of the Portuguese navigator João Fernandes Lavrador.

Until 1991, the province's official English name was "Newfoundland and Labrador", but after the Our Identity, our name campaign, its official English name was changed to "Terra Nova and Labrador", even if Newfoundland is stil used by the English-speaking population.





Terranovan separatism






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