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Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochromatic (shades of grey) or colored. Images are usually accompanied by sound. "Television" may also refer specifically to a television set, television programming, television transmission. The etymology of the word is derived from mixed Latin and Greek origin, meaning "far sight": Greek tele (τῆλε), far, and Latin visio, sight (from video, vis- to see, or to view in the first person. Commercially available since the late 1920s, the television set has become commonplace in homes, businesses and institutions, particularly as a source of entertainment and news. Since the 1970s the availability of video cassettes, laserdiscs, DVDs, and now HD-DVD Discs, have resulted in the television set frequently being used for viewing recorded as well as broadcast material. In recent years Internet television has seen the rise of television available via the Internet, e.g. iPlayer and Hulu. Although other forms such as closed-circuit television (CCTV) are in use, the most common usage of the medium is for broadcast television, which was modeled on the existing radio broadcasting systems developed in the 1920s, and uses high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the television signal to individual TV receivers. Broadcast TV is typically disseminated via radio transmissions on designated channels in the 54–890 MHz frequency band. Signals are now often transmitted with stereo and/or surround sound in many countries. Until the 2000s broadcast TV programs were generally transmitted as an analogue television signal, but in recent years public and commercial broadcasters have been progressively introducing digital television broadcasting technology. A standard television set comprises multiple internal electronic circuits, including those for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is properly called a monitor, rather than a television. A television system may use different technical standards such as digital television (DTV) and high-definition television (HDTV). Television systems are also used for surveillance, industrial process control, and guiding of weapons, in places where direct observation is difficult or dangerous. Amateur television (ham TV or ATV) is also used for experimentation, pleasure and public service events by amateur radio operators. Ham TV stations were on the air in many cities before commercial TV stations came on the air.
Television in Germany
Television in the United Kingdom
Television in the United States
Digital Video Recorders
A number of DVRs are available around the world, with TiVo and ZuneBox (formerly Windows Media Center) being the two biggest. TiVo allows the user to record video to a hard drive, as well as access internet video from Netflix or Youtube. ZuneBox uses Microsoft's Zune service to allow users to stream any purchased video to their ZuneBox, as well as purchase new music, TV, Movies, or music videos, play from their Zunes, or play media from their home PCs.