The Teien was first constructed in 1932 and finished in 1933 after the creation of the office of President of the Republic in 1931. Initially, the Akasaka Palace was served to be the official presidential office of Japan, as it was already used as official residence for Nagayama Yoshida since he taken his office as the Political Commander of the Japanese Armed Forces in 1919. However, after Nagayama Yoshida taken office as the President of the Republic in 1931, President Nagayama considered for the construction of more modest, but more modern residence outside Chiyoda District of Tokyo, the political centre of Japan. The official presidential office then finally moved to the Teien in 1934 and the Akasaka Palace was designated as the official government office instead.
Governmental meetings, such as cabinet meeting or the deliberation of war council, usually took hold in the Akasaka Palace. However, there were rare occurrences where the meetings held in the Teien, such as the meeting discussing a war with China between President Nagayama Yoshida, Vice-President Kita Ikki, Prime Minister Nakano Seigo, Foreign Minister Hirota Koki, and Extraordinary War Minister Marshal Matsutaka Imada in 1931 and the extraordinary war meeting between President Nagayama Yoshida, Vice-President Kita Ikki, Prime Minister Nakano Seigo, Foreign Minister Konoe Fumimaro, War Minister Marshal Matsutaka Imada and Supreme Allied Commander in the Southwest Pacific Area General Joseph Stilwell in 1944.