Tanzania, formally referred to as the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is a Marxist state in east Africa. It shares borders with Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and the Congo.
In the late 1800s, Imperial Germany conquered Tanzania (minus Zanzibar) and incorporated it into their East African colony. After the end of World War I, however, the nation was handed over to the United Kingdom, except for the Kionga Triangle, which was incorporated into the Portuguese colony in East Africa. Tanzania was very important in World War II as the nation produced a large amount of food. In 1954, Julius Nyerere created the Tanganyika National Union, which hoped to achieve sovereignty for the colony. Within a year, it had become the leading political organization in the nation. Nyerere became Minister of British Tanganyika and became prime minister of the independent nation in 1961.
A few years after independence, the Zanzibar Revolution overthrew the monarchy in the neighboring Zanzibar Islands, which had gained independence themselves in 1963. The nation fused with mainland Tanganyika to create Tanzania. In 1967 Nyerere's presidency took a turn to the left with the signing of the Arusha Declaration, which advocated socialism. The nation also had an alliance with China.
In 1992, the nation gained a constitution which allowed multiple parties. The Tanzania Labour Party was one of these; a left-wing party which clearly advocated for socialism. Other communist governments in Africa such as Mozambique and Angola secretly sent troops into the region and decided to aid militants from the labour party. They ousted the government under President Mwinyi and put in Augustino Lyatonga Mrema, leader of the Labour Party.
Despite not participating in the Second Congo War, the nation played a major part in the war. The nation accepted refugees from Rwanda and Burundi, but in the process the western parts of the nation became a hotbed for terrorism. Militants from Rwanda and Burundi stormed into the nation and launched numerous attacks on western cities. The conflict got so intense, troops from Europe were sent to help with the militants. Modern-day Tanzania has a medium-sized economy, and has good relationships with China, Cuba, and most other African Communist nations.
Despite officially being a Marxist-Leninist single-party state, the nation does have multiple political parties, but none have much influence in the nation. Most of them have resorted to militarism, but the nation's militants aren't very powerful unlike those in Angola.