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Tang dynasty
Timeline: Saracen Jihad
OTL equivalent: Tang dynasty
618 -
Tang Dynasty circa 700 CE.png
China under the Tang dynasty circa 700 AD
Official languages Middle Chinese
Religion Chinese Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
Government Monarchy
 -  Emperor Emperor Gaozu
 -  Established June 18, 618 
 -  Usurpation of Wu Zetian 8 October 690 – 3 March 705 
 -  715 est. 5,400,000 km2 
2,084,952 sq mi 
 -  7th century estimate 50,000,000 
Currency Chinese coin, Chinese cash

The Tang dynasty (Chinese: 唐朝; pinyin: Táng Cháo; Jyutping: tong4 ciu4; IPA: [tʰɑ̌ŋ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ]; Middle Chinese: Dâng) (618 – AD) was an imperial dynasty of China that followed the Sui dynasty (581–618). The Tang Dynasty was founded by the Li family (李), who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire. The dynasty would continue to rule China for several centuries, briefly interrupted from 8 October 690 to 3 March 705 when Empress Wu Zetian seized the throne and proclaimed the Second Zhou dynasty and becoming China's only empress regnant.

The rule of the Tang Dynasty is commonly referred to as a golden age of Chinese civilization, and its capital at Chang'an (present-day Xi'an), at the time the world's most populous city, is generally regarded as a symbol of cosmopolitan culture.