The Republic of Tamil Nadu is a successor state to the old Republic of India. One of the first states to leave the republic in the chaos, it is a dictatorship despite all of its claims to the contrary. It has the largest population and strongest military of all the remnants outside of the UIP, and also has close ties to the SAC.
Tamil Nadu's history dates back to pre-historic times - archaeological evidence points to the area as being one of the longest continually inhabited spots in India.
The Chola Empire was very active in the area from the 3rd century BC, until its fall to the Pandyan Dynasty in 1279. Prior to their fall, however, they had at times ruled areas as disparate and large in size as Southern India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, and the Indonesian Archipelago, among other territories. The Pandyans, while equally long-lived as a ruling house, and centuries before having dominated the region before the rise of the Cholas after a Pandyan dispute with a neighbor left them an opening to power - which they took - in the 9th century. The second zenith of the Pandyans lasted only 70 years before being destroyed by the Madurai Sultanate. The Sultanate would fall to the Vijayanagara Empire within a few short decades. Vijayanagara would come to control the entire region for most of the next 300 years, before devolving into many separate kingdoms. In the early 18th century, the eastern parts of Tamil Nadu came under the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of the Carnatic, supported by the English and French, respectively. In the late 18th century, the western parts of Tamil Nadu came to be under Mysore, following their victory in the Second Anglo-Mysore War.
Around 1609, the Dutch and Danish established settlements in the area. In 1639, the British, under the British East India Company, established a settlement further south of Pulicat, in present day Chennai. The French followed at Pondicherry in 1674. In the late 18th century, the British fought and reduced the French dominions in India to Pondicherry, and in the process gained tax revenue collection rights in Hyderabad and Carnatic for defeating the Kingdom of Mysore. After winning the Polygar wars, the East India Company consolidated most of southern India into the Madras Presidency coterminous with the dominions of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
When India became independent in 1947, Madras Presidency became Madras State, comprising present day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh up to Ganjam district in Orissa, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic line, and in 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning "Tamil country."
The entirety of India was spared the direct effects of Doomsday. However, the indirect impact of those events, while not felt immediately, were eventually disastrous.
After Doomsday, as India took a turn for the worse, nationalists in Tamil Nadu saw their chance and broke away from India a few weeks after the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984. The new country was not in the best of positions as food imports dropped off with most of the outside world in chaos, but they tried to make do anyway.
Although Tamil Nadu was mainly an agriculturial state, as food imports dropped and fertilizer ran out, it found it could not support its vast population amidst the fighting. Starvation began to set in many parts of the new country. Civil unrest swiftly followed, but all attempts to revolt were violently put down by the new government.
In 1987, a short rebellion actually suceeded in sacking parts of Chennai, but were fought off before the could enter the coastal regions, and the city was only mildly damaged in the process. The destroyed portions were rebuilt with aid from South America in the late 1990s.
The population began to decline as people died in the desperate times that followed. For the first two years, the population plummeted, decreasing by a bit more than eight million people. The population then grew by practically nothing for the next few years, until around 1989, when imports of fertilizers, medicines, and foodstuffs reached a level high enough to make a difference, and the conflicts began to die down.
At the same time, on the island of Sri Lanka the Tamil state of Tamil Eelam was attacked by a newly empowered nationalist Sri Lankan government, from which it had won its independence in 1985. The Eelam government, hard pressed and losing, appealed to Chennai for aid. While Tamil Nadu did not have much to spare, by this time they did have a large body of troops organized to maintain order. Shuffling several thousand of them to the island, they turned back the tide against the Sri Lankan government, forcing them to sue for peace in early 1990, gaining some reparations payments.
By 1990, most of the troubles plaguing the country had been ameliorated, and slowly industry began to develop once again. The population started to grow faster and faster, but the destruction of infrastructure still caused major issues. Slowly, they began to evolve into the most powerful Indian remnant outside of some of the future member states of the UIP over the next decade.
1993 saw another rebellion erupt in rural parts of the state, in the northwest. As with the one in 1987, it too was put down. Much easier, and with less damage, as well.
By 2003, despite its weakness overall, Tamil Nadu had grown to be one of the strongest remnants of the former nation of India - and probably the strongest in the south.
However, in that year, the overall picture changed when many of the other remnants of former India joined together to form the Union Interim Parliament, otherwise referred to as the "UIP." The Great Leader, with support from a vast majority of the population of Tamil Nadu, refused to attend the conferences that established the union. As a result, in very short order, the state went from being one of the strongest remnants, to by far the number two in the new pecking order - even in the south.
Following the establishment of the UIP, and their actions towards claiming all of India, by conquest if necessary, Tamil Nadu has expended a lot of effort on arming itself. In many ways, this has been successful, as they have yet to be attacked or pressured, and indeed are considered to be rather low on the UIP's list of priorities.
In this, they have been greatly aided by the nations of South America, since 2004 joined loosely together in the South American Confederation. While the SAC has aided them to such an extent largely for their own interests in opposition to the ANZC, that is not to say that the aid has not been humanitarian in nature as well.
This larger amount of aid proved very useful when in 2005, several neighborhoods in Pondicherry erupted into rebellion. Over a hard-fought week-long battle, the Tamil forces routed the rebels, razing these neighborhoods to the ground. The city, previously allowed to maintain something like its special status under the Indian government, lost its position as a result, and a clique of extreme Tamils was put in charge, quickly renaming the city to "Puducherry."
With the new agreements observed between the UIP and Siberia, elements of the government have grown worried, as what has previously held the UIP back - the SAC threat to cease sending them any aid - seems like it will vanish shortly. The government, however, remains confident that the UIP will think twice before planning any invasion of Tamil Nadu.
The country is still ruled by the nationalists who first declared independence in 1984. It can only be described as a dictatorship, despite their claims to the contrary. There are no actual elections, as the country has been in a state of 'emergency' due to the constant presence of the UIP, and before that, the states it formed out of, since its formation.
All officials are appointed by the self proclaimed 'Great Leader' and on his command can also be removed from their positions.
Tamil Nadu has the strongest military of all the remnants outside of the UIP because of its ties with the SAC, and size. Its military is made up of three branches - the Army, the Navy and the Air Force - with the army being by far the largest of the three.
With crucial backing from the SAC, the army numbers around 500,000 soldiers. It also has another 600,000 or so in its reserves and militias.
The Tamil navy has around 5,000 personnel actively serving in the navy. Its navy is mainly composed of old patrol boats, and a very small number of larger ships. Most of these are captured vessels which used to be under the control of India.
The Tamil air force is perhaps the weakest section of the Tamil armed forces. It has around 8,000 personnel serving in various roles, from aircraft maintenance to helicopter training. It is mainly composed of around 50 aging MiG-21s and five MiG-23s.
After Doomsday, Tamil Nadu's economy plummeted as imports of food dropped of and fertilizer ran out. Only after outside contact and continuous SAC aid in fertilizer did an economy resurface.
The fairly new country has a small economy which has picked up the pace in recent years. It is heavily based on the production of fertilizer to sell and for use on its fields of agricultural crops and their export to gain revenue. It also has a small amount of industry, which mainly manufactures cotton and other similar goods.
Doubts have been cast over the economic situation of Tamil Nadu and many suspect that its economy could completely collapse if SAC was to ever withdraw its chain of continuous aid. However, the SAC has shown no intentions of doing so.
Tamil Nadu has very good relations with the SAC, who is also their chief donor of military equipment and aid in general. Their aid has helped to provide fertilizer to Tamilian farms and arms for the national armed forces. This has led Tamil Nadu to become heavily reliant on their aid.
Relations with the ANZC, in light of their alliance with the UIP, are very frosty. The ANZC government, however, does send them a small amount of aid.
Tamil Nadu also has good relations with Tamil Eelam, on the island of Sri Lanka, whom they helped maintain their independence in the Second Tamil War of 1989-1990. They are currently trading partners. Tamil Nadu also has had good relations with Sri Lanka in the past, but ever since 1990, their relations have been damaged and the two parties almost never speak to each other as a result.
Relations with the UIP are hostile, as should be expected. However, there are elements among the non-Tamil populace in general that demand reunion with the UIP, and these have rebelled periodically. However, their small size has meant that they have been easily crushed each time. This has also led a greater percentage of the Tamil populace to oppose unification and although no rebellions have occurred in a long time, there are rumours of a huge rebellion being planned, which has made some of the majority Tamils somewhat fearful. The general populace, however, is as a whole not very concerned.
The Tamilian government encourages sport in its country as they see it as a way to unite the Tamilian populace against the UIP. There is mainly an emphasis on two types of sports: Cricket and Field Hockey. However, football, basketball and other types of sports are also played, but are in the minority.
Cricket, along with Field Hockey, is given a special emphasis. Tamil Nadu has a national cricket team which has played international teams in many matches. It is also big domestically and all districts house a cricket team of their own. There is a competition for the trophy of the Tamilian Cricket League every year in which all district teams participate.
Its team usually plays matches against its Andhra and Rayala counterparts and can said to be the better team out of the three.
Field Hockey is the other sport which is given special emphasis by the Tamilian government. Tamil Nadu has a national hockey team as well, and is ranked one of the best in the sub-continent and possibly the world.
Tollywood, in Chennai, is the location of Tamil Nadu's main film industry.