Tâi-oân Kiōng-hô-kok (in Min Nan)
Republic of Taiwan
Flag of Taiwan proposed 1996
Location of Taiwan Map Taiwan (VegWorld)
Official language None. (Taiwanese Aboriginal languages and Chinese languages are spoken.)
Capital Taibei (台北, "Tâi-pak" in Hokkien, "Táiběi" in Mandarin)
Largest City Taibei (台北)
Gaoxiong (高雄)
Population 6,800,000
HDI 0.928
Republic formed 1952
Currency Taiwan Dollar (TWD)
Our Timeline Equivalent Republic of China

The Republic of Taiwan, known by various names in the Aboriginal languages and Chinese languages, is a multicultural country in East Asia. Most of its landmass is the island of Taiwan, but it owns some much smaller islands, as well. Taiwan has a mix of Aboriginal Taiwanese and Chinese. The relatively flat western area of Taiwan is split into counties, while the mountainous east is split into semi-autonomous tribal areas. (It should be noted that most Aboriginals live in cities outside of tribal areas.) Recently, Taiwan has been considering joining the Chinese Union. However, as the majority of Taiwanese aren't Chinese and even some ethnic Chinese disapprove of joining, only a minority currently supports the union. (Some Aboriginals prefer a union with Luzon, instead.) However, Taiwan is still integrated into the Chinese Union in many ways, and is often called the "Plus One" in the "Chinese Union Plus One" (CUPO) semi-union. A more popular future for Taiwan (rather than full integration into the Chinese Union) is to jointly create the "Chinese Union and Taiwan" confederation.

On June 27th, 2007, Taiwan became the third nation (after Sundarapore and India to institute a meat ban, which impacts the whole nation except for some specific instances in some aboriginal groups that rely on hunting and gathering.

TWN Grand Hotel Taibei (VegWorld)

The Grand Hotel (Taibei City), completed in 1973


Taiwan Aboriginals (VegWorld)

Aboriginal semi-autonomous regions

TWN Taibei101 at Christmas (VegWorld)

Taibei 101, the tallest builiding in the world, lit up at Christmas


Taiwan has one of the highest percentages of vegetarians in the world. This is mainly due to Buddhism, Hokkien and Hakka vegetarian practices, and a respect for nature that many of the Aboriginals have long held. Even the relatively few unsettled Aboriginals tend to just be "gatherers" instead of "hunter-gatherers". On June 27th, 2007, Taiwan completely initiated its meat ban.

97% Vegetarian (100% inside Taiwan)
03% Non-Vegetarian (0% inside Taiwan)

Ethnic Groups

52% Aboriginal Taiwanese
10% Atayal Aboriginals
08% Amis Aboriginals
06% Paiwan Aboriginals
05% Bunun Aboriginals
29% other Aboriginals
47% Han Chinese
21% Hokkien Chinese
14% Hakka Chinese
10% Mandarin Chinese
02% other Chinese
01% others (chiefly Chinese minority groups and Japanese)


37% Buddhist*
35% Freethinker
21% atheist
14% agnostic
12% Daoist*
10% Aboriginal religions (most influenced by Buddhism)
04% Jain
02% other (chiefly Hindu and Christian)
(*Buddhism and Daoism are practiced together by many people. Also, even atheists and agnostics sometimes take part in some religious rituals, even if they aren't religious.)