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The Republic of China (Mandarin Chinese: 中華民國, Zhōnghuá Mínguó), abbreviated as the R.O.C. and commonly called Taiwan, is an island nation located in Eastern Asia. Prior to the communist control of the mainland, the Republic of China governed all of China. During the Civil War, the ROC government fled to the island of Taiwan, and has remained there since. While it was initially recognized as the official government of China, it has since been granted to the People's Republic of China on the mainland.