Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Mínguó
Flag of the Republic of China National Emblem of the Republic of China
Flag National Emblem
Largest city
New Taipei
Demonym Taiwanese
and / or Chinese
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
- Ma Ying-jeou
- Wu Den-yih
- Mao Chi-kuo
President of the Legislative Yuan
- Wang Jin-pyng
President of the Judicial Yuan
- Rai Hau-min
President of the Examination Yuan
- Wu Jin-lin
President of the Control Yuan
- Chang Po-ya
Legislature Legislative Yuan
- 2014 Will be writing soon
- 2013 estimate 1,245,309,878
Currency New Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zone National Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
(CE; CE+2697)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code TW
Internet TLD .tw

Taiwan (Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a sovereign state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the seat of the central government. New Taipei City, encompassing the metropolitan area surrounding Taipei proper, is the most populous city.

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