Ta'if (Arabic: الطائف) is the capital city, largest city and emirate in the Arab Confederation. The city contains the city's most fertile soil, and is the centre of an agricultural area known for its grapes, pomegranate, figs, roses and honey. It is located along the slopes of the Sarawat Mountains. The Saudi city of Mecca and the Yemeni city of Sana'a are within range of Ta'if.
In its history, Ta'if was one of the places that experienced beginning of Islam as a result of Muhammad's ministry. It was later Ottoman territory, British territory and existed as a city in Saudi Arabia's Mecca Province for a good few decades.
Al-Waleed bin Talal, the richest member of the Ibn Saud family bought the land and separated it from Saudi control and he currently rules over the place.
Ta'if is well known for its nightlife (despite Islamic laws), and various tourist attractions. Mountain climbing is particularly popular in the Sarawat Mountains.