Border conflicts with Israel (Golan Heights) and Turkey were reported around 2012-2013.
In late August 2013, a chemical attack occurred in Ghouta. The U.S., the UK, and France were to intervene but was pressured by Moscow after a deal was made to destroy Syria's chemical weapons. The U.S. then shifted to training moderate Syrian rebels via a CIA-funded program in nearby Jordan.
From December 2013-June 2014, ISIL forces were able to take large swaths of territory in both Iraq and Syria. This was countered by a U.S.-led intervention in Iraq in June and Syria in September.
Russia intervened in Syria in September 2015, a year after the United States led-coalition.
In November 2015, a Turkish Air Force F-16 shot down a Russian Air Force SU-24 after it violated Turkey's airspace.
It has seen many changes, including the rise of ISIL and Kurdistan, the latter through the Erbil Conference. The new independent nations have joined in the fight against ISIL,with Scotland joiniing the CJTF-OIR with humanitarian aid a d Padania has announced there intentions in joining the RSSI Coaliation with military support, particular in Syria against both the rebels and ISIL. Italy has sent military support for the Syrian Republic. The war saw a great change of direction with the Siege of Mosul, which saw a major gain of Kurdistan against ISIL, starting the move against ISIL. The war have caused a exodus of Syrian and Iraqi refugees to the most near nations, as well as Europe. The 27 March of the 2016 the Syrian Arab Army, Hezbollah, the National Defence Front, the Russian Air Force and the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution have liberated the city of Palmyra. This have give more popularity at the Syrian Armed Forces, at the Russian Armed Forces and at the others allies of the Syria.
From April 2016, a peacekeeping force was set up in Syria, as well as Kurdistan and Iraq, setting up areas to defend against ISIL.
In late 2016, Turkey began their own military intervention in Syria.