Alternate History

Syria (No 602 War)

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Syriac Republic
ܩܘܛܢܝܘܬܐ ܫܐܡܝܬܐ
800px-Flag of the Syriac-Aramaic People.png
CapitalAntioch ( ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ )
Largest city Aleppo
Official languages Syriac
Recognised regional languages Kurdish, Greek, Arabic, Armenian

Syria is a country in Asia bordering Cilicia to the north, Assyria to the east, Chaldea to the southeast, Bedouin State to the south, Israel and Phoenicia to the the southwest and the Mediterranean sea to the west.


Syria has never fallen to islamic armies. The country gained its independence from Romania in the 14th Century, but already in the 16th century it is reconquered  by the Romanic armies.

The major ally of the Syriacs was France. In 1792 the Levantine war broke out, with Syriac insurgents taking control of remote locations such as place in the Syrina desert or in the mountains. They were helped by Napoleons expedition, defeating the Eastern Roman empire and becoming a French protectorate with a large autonomy up until the First World War.

The French evacuated Syria in 1915 since their forces were badly needed elsewhere. Therefore,  when the Roman forces attacked Syria in 1917 they met little resistance.

Following the French defeat in the First World war, The Roman Empire  acquired Syria and held it firmly until 1955.

In 1955, following the independence of Rum, the Roman exarchate in Syria (incorporating also Phoenicia and Cilicia at the time) remained unconnected with the rest of the empire.  An independence movement  began in March, seizing most of the country except the Orontes valley within three months.

In September 1955, the Syriacs seized Antioch ,Damascus and a peace treaty was signed, delimitating the current borders.

However already in 1963 tensions began in Cilicia.The Armenians in the highlands sponsored by Syria  rebelled against the Greeks controlling the lowlands. Fighting continued for four years, without clear results. France and England asked for a ceasefire and a referendum.Despite chaos and mismanagement, the local population was against Syriac aspirations and opted for independence.

In 1976 Syria fought intervened in the Cilician civil war, hoping to annex the region, unsuccessfully.


The population of Syria numbers 19 975 000 people, mostly Syriacs (82%), followed by Kurds (8%) and Arabs (5%). The rest is mostly Armenians, Greeks and Phoenicians. A small number of French and Italians is also present The largest religion is Christianity(90%), followed by Yazdanism (5%) Islam (3) and Zoroastrism (2%). The Christians are headed bythe Patriarch of Antioch, being head of the Syriac Church. However a small number of people are Latin-Rite (2%), Greek Rite (1%) and Jerusalem Rite (2%) The official language is Syriac a Semitic tongue descending from Aramaic, spoken by about 83% of the population.  The remaining minority languages are Western Kurdish, Bedawi Arabic and Levantine Greek. the most frequently learned foreign language is French

Administrative divisions

Syria is divided into the following provinces:

  1. Antioch
  2. Aleppo
  3. Kallinikos (OTL ar-Raqqa)
  4. Dair
  5. Hamath
  6. Emessa (Koms)
  7. Damascus
  8. Antep (OTL Gaziantep)

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