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Syracuse (Athenian Legacy)

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Syracuse
Timeline: Athenian Legacy
00046r00
Flag of Syracuse
Sicily map
Sicily in the Classical Era
Capital
(and largest city)
Syracuse
Language Greek
Religion Greek Pantheon
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Greek
  others Etruscan
Legislature Tyrant
Area
  main
 
204.1 km²
  water (%) Mediterranean
Established 734 BCE
Annexation to Athens
  date 338 BCE
Syracuse was an ancient Greek City-State that existed in the south-eastern section of Sicily. It was originally founded by Corinthian colonists in 734 BCE, who positioned the city on a extremely fertile plot of land. The city grew enormasely, apparently laying claim as one of the most powerful Greek City State of its time. Following a series of wars and political changes, Syracuse came to incorporate citizens from all across the island, especially from Gela, Kamarina and Megera. In the 400s BCE, Syracuse became a thriving democracy, until it was overthrown by a series of Tyrants who re-organized the city to allow it to function as a super-state. Following a series of wars, Syracuse reached its height during the late 400s, when it successfully defeated a Athenian invasion of Sicily in the Peloponnesian War. However, Syracuse began its decline after it was defeated by a series of Athenian colonies in the First Syracusan War. Despite this loss, Syracuse continued to expand for another half-century, until it was annexed for the last time in the much smaller, Second Syracusan War.

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