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Swiss Confederacy
Eidgenossenschaft
Timeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Old Swiss Confederacy
Early Swiss cross.svg XXI Cantone coa Nic.png
Flag Coat of arms
Map of Switzerland Nic PMIV 2.png
CapitalNone
Largest City Zürich
Official languages Eidgenösserisch
Regional Languages Romand
Alemannic
Lombard
Romansch
Arabic
Demonym Swiss
Religion Roman Catholic
Islam
Eastern Orthodoxy
Judaism
Government Confederation
Legislature Tagsatzung
History
 -  Pact of Brunnen 1315 
 -  Pact of Lucerne 1400 
 -  Pact of Sion 1831 
Population
 -  1842 census 1,984,156 
Currency Various Cantonal Francs (Konkordatsbatzen)
The Swiss Confederacy (Eidgenossenisch: Eidgenossenschaft) is a confederal state in Europe consisting of twenty-one autonomous cantons: Schaffhausen, Thurgau, St. Gallen, Appenzell, Graubünden, Zürich, Leventinen, Uri, Glarus, Schwyz, Zug, Luzern, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Basel, Solothurn, Wallis, Bern, Freiburg, Neuenburg, and Biel. Each canton is largely self-governing and primarily through elected councils. The cantons unite primarily to uphold shared freedoms, particularly in the face of foreign aggression. As of 1400, under the Pact of Lucerne, the cantons have shared a legislature, the Tagsatzung, which makes decisions on areas of national interest, such as foreign policy, financial policy, armed forces, and education.

History

Establishment

Islamic Influences

In 1706, Swiss Explorers went to North Africa and the Middle East, bringing back various Islamic Sciences and the religion itself. The Academy of Islamic Mathematics and Art was opened up in Zurich by one of the explorers who had actually converted to Islam. They created a small commune known as Schveis Mekka or Swiss Mecca.

University Building

In 1706, the Tagastzung decided to initiate a new education program where off-duty diplomats, soldiers, and merchants would teach children about regional politics, Swiss Democracy, and a variety of other subjects about the world. This was aimed at creating a new generation of crafty Swiss who have very good social skills. Universities made so far include: Radical Syndicalist University, Linguistic University, Islamic Culture University, Belkan Culture University, Burgundian Culture University, Islamic Engineering University, and European Engineering University.

Syndicalist Movement

The Syndicalist movement is one of the first counter-culture movements known, and was born originally in democratic Swiss universities. Its adherents quickly grew to a group of radical intellectuals, militant peasants, and the urban lower class. They possess a faction which focuses on purely philosophy in the cities and a larger, more militant faction in the frontiers. They have become a growing nuisance to traders and the states bordering the confederacy.

Politics

Cantons

CoA Canton Capital
Wappen Schaffhausen matt Schaffhausen Schaffhausen
Wappen Thurgau matt Thurgau Frauenfeld
Wappen St. Gallen matt St. Gallen St. Gallen
Wappen Appenzell Innerrhoden matt Appenzell Herisau
Wappen Graubünden matt Graubünden Chur
Wappen Zürich matt Zürich Zürich
Leventina-coat of arms Leventinen Leventinen
Uri-coat of arms Uri Altdorf
Glaris-coat of arms Glarus Glarus
Wappen des Kantons Schwyz Schwyz Schwyz
Zug-coat of arms Zug Zug
Lucerne-coat of arms Luzern Luzern
Wappen Obwalden matt Obwalden Sarnen
Wappen Nidwalden matt Nidwalden Stans
Wappen Basel-Landschaft matt Basel Liestal
Wappen Solothurn matt Solothurn Solothurn
Valais coa old Wallis Sion
Berne-coat of arms Bern Bern
Wappen Freiburg matt Freiburg Freiburg
Wappen Neuenburg Neuenburg Neuenburg
Biel-coat of arms Biel Biel

Military

Swiss Armed Forces

Historically, the cantonal forces of Swiss Confederacy received relatively high independence and were controlled by the cantons themselves. This changed in 1830 with the signing of the Pact of Sion which declared a united armed forces under a single institution called the Swiss Armed Forces. The army can only be called by the Tagsatzung, and contains two percent of the population of each canton. This means the maximum land forces (in 1830) raised would be around 32,000 men.

Swiss Mercenary Corps

Formerly an actual mercenary corps, the Swiss Mercenary Corps are a special elite division of the Swiss Armed Forces. There are approximately one thousand men and women inside this force, who have received special education and training. The majority of the force has studied in the art of guns, war, and machinery at Swiss univiserties. In the past, when they were an actual mercenary force, they participated in wars in Aragon, the Rasidun Caliphate, the Belkan Empire, and British Arcardia among many others. This discipline has been passed down, making it one of the most disciplined forces in Europe, with them following a military-focused society.

Economy

Currency

Culture

Unified Swiss Language

In 1706, Swiss Linguist and Nationalist Hans Zuremburg set about creating a unified Swiss language to be used in Swiss schools and to eventually replace the common languages used in the region. His work was funded by the Tagastzung legislature. He is set to finish it by 1710