Spoken in Sweden, parts of Finland, Singapore and Cuba
Ethnicity Swedes, Finland Swedes
Language family
  • Germanic
    • North Germanic
      • Swedish
Writing system Latin script (Swedish alphabet)
Swedish Braille
Official status
Official language in Flag of Swedish MSE (IM) Swedish MSE
Flag of the Shugarhai Union Shugarhai Union
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Swedish (svenska) is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by nearly 61 million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish (see the section "Classification"). Along with the other North Germanic languages, Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by number of speakers. Standard Swedish, spoken by most Swedes, is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized.

Swedish is also the official language in Singapore and Cuba, since there were formally Swedish colonies.