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Supreme Court of the United States (President Infinity Alternate Elections)

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The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest institution of the American judiciary. Among its most important powers is judicial review, which allows the Court to strike down laws or parts of laws in cases, and the Court can take direct appeals from government officials to solve governmental conflicts under Constitutional law.

The Court holds five seats. One belongs to the Chief Justice appointed every term, and Associate Justices fill the other four. Each serves two terms with two seats being appointed concurrently. (In order to stagger the seats correctly, President George Washington appointed only two Associates to begin, so the inaugural court seated only three Justices). There is no restriction on how many times a Chief Justice can be re-nominated, but Associates must wait two terms before being eligible again. For an Associate to be promoted to the Chief seat, both Houses of Congress must approve, and a Congressional Selection Committee chooses the replacement to fulfill the reminder of the term, rather the President.

The informal, traditional naming convention is to refer to the Court by the name of the Administration that it served under. Like most federal elects and appointees, Justices are sworn in on the first of the new year after the election year and end on the last day of the next election year.

First Washington Court (1789-1792)

Seat Name Star Year End Year Home State President Terms on Court
Chief Thomas Jefferson 1789 1792 Virginia Washington 1
Associate 1 William Paterson 1789 1796 New Jersey 1
Associate 2 James Iredell Maryland

Significant Events

  • North-South Precedent: With two Associates being appointed each term, Washington decided to ensure that the North and South each got a seat on the Court every term. This precedent would be adhered to throughout the five-member era.

Second Washington Court (1793-1796)

Seat Name Start Year End Year Home State President Terms on Court
Chief John Adams 1793 1796 Massachusetts Washington 1
Associate 1 William Paterson 1789 1796 New Jersey 2
Associate 2 James Iredell North Carolina
Associate 3 Richard Law 1793 1800 Connecticut 1
Associate 4 Nathaniel Pendleton Georgia

Significant Events

Third Washington Court (1797-1800)

Seat Name Start Year End Year Home State President Terms on Court
Chief John Adams 1797 1800 Massachusetts Washington 2
Associate 1 Elijah Paine 1797 1804 Vermont 1
Associate 2 John McNairy Tennessee
Associate 3 Richard Law 1793 1800 Connecticut 2
Associate 4 Nathaniel Pendleton Georgia

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