The Summer Olympics are an international athletic event hosted every four years at a new venue. The games' location is determined seven years in advance by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), a governing body that regulates the games. The games have been held since the first Olympiad in 1902 - in 2002, with the Bogota Games, the Olympics celebrated 100 years of athletic success.
I Olympic Games - Paris 1902
The I Olympiad was held in Paris in 1902 as part of Louis II's effort to draw international attention to his newly redesigned Paris, and to distract from his ongoing Purges of eastern Europe. The Olympics were considered a major success as the nations of the world came together to compete in a variety of athletic events.
II Olympic Games - Berlin 1906
The Games were at the time considered a largely Imperial operation - the success of the Paris games four years prior encouraged the German industrial elite to play host to the games, and it was an opportunity to remodel the city to their needs.
III Olympic Games - Copenhagen 1910
The first Olympic Games held outside of the French Empire, the Copenhagen Games were a financial failure and almost torpedoed the still-young Olympic tradition.
IV Olympic Games - Chicago 1914
The Chicago games were the first Olympiad hosted outside of Europe - they were considered an achievement and a signal of America's emergence as a world power in the 20th century. The Imperial response was somewhat tepid, and many Imperial athletes refused to attend.
V Olympic Games - London 1918
England's new government put in a convincing bid to host the games, but they were a financial and athletic failure. The challenge proved too much for the fledgling government, and soon thereafter the Socialist Revolution would topple the English Republic.
VI Olympic Games - Rome 1922
The failure of the London games proved that governance of the games should return to the Empire. The Empire set the games in the Papal States, but it was Imperial businessmen who ran the games.
VII Olympic Games - Dublin 1930
After the 1926 games were cancelled in lieu of the Pacific War, Dublin played host to the 1930 games, as they had planned all along. It was a chance to showcase the growth of the Irish Republic and the French Empire lent enormous assistance to the success of the games in their ally's capital. The games were a tremendous success and helped Dublin emerge as a world city in the booming 1930's, even through the Irish War that same decade.
VIII Olympic Games - Los Angeles 1934
The Los Angeles Olympic Games were held as the second Olympiad on US soil, and helped establish Los Angeles as one of America's major cities, which it had slowly been developing into over the past few decades.
IX Olympic Games - Paris 1946
A twelve-year hiatus of Olympics was caused by the violent French Civil War, and the reliance of the Games on Imperial support and funds created a lack of ability for the competition to occur. However, the new Emperor Sebastien threw together a haphazard Olympiad in 1946 in order to attempt to showcase his power and legitimacy in the Empire. It was also an opportunity to remodel and rebuild the war-torn country; in one of the Olympics' most uplifting moments, the 1946 Olympiad helped bring the ravaged Empire back together. There was enormous controversy initially, as London had for several years been the assumptive Olympic host - however, the assassination of Winston Churchill threw the games into question and while there was initially the fear of two competing Olympiads, Socialist England eventually acquiesced, not having nearly the funds to put on such Games.
X Olympic Games - Edo 1950
Japan's emergence as a world power was never on display more than in 1950, when one of the most profitable Olympic Games in history was held. It was the first Olympiad to be broadcast on television in the United States. The Edo Games would lead in the enormous financial success in Japan for the next twenty years.
XI Olympic Games - Addis 1954
Africa's strongest nation, and a moderate regional power in the mid-20th century, held the 1954 Games. Despite enormous foreign investment, the Addis Games failed to match the high expectations fostered by Edo four years previous and lost a significant amount of money. It was the first Olympiad to feature the growing international sports of soccer and baseball, and in a huge upset, the hosting Ethiopia soccer team won a massive victory over favored Argentina to earn a silver medal.
XII Olympic Games - Copenhagen 1958
The Olympics went to Denmark in 1958, being held once again in Copenhagen instead of the preferred location of Christiania. The Olympiad were a triumph for Denmark, showing the regrowth of the country since its devastation in the French Civil War. The Copenhagen Games were boycotted by Turkey and England due to the ongoing Black Sea War, and the United States nearly boycotted the Olympics as well before deciding it would set a poor precedent.
XIII Olympic Games - Mexico City 1962
The 1962 Olympic Games in Mexico City were an opportunity for Mexico to flaunt its emergence as a regional economic power, and the success of the XIII Olympiad directly led to Mexico's successful bid to host the 1968 World Cup.
XIV Olympic Games - St. Petersburg 1966
Once more a platform for Sebastien to show off to the world, the Games were held in the Eastern Department for the first time, as part of the Empire's efforts to show the growth and power of their effective half-state. The games were considered an enormous success for the Russian people, and was the most financially successful Olympiad held in the Empire to date.
XV Olympic Games - Peking 1970
A financial and strategic disaster, the Peking Games fell apart as the world watched in stunned amusement at Chinese ineptitude. The entire episode was enormously embarrassing for the Chinese Empire and China, despite enormous economic success in subsequent years, has yet to host an Olympic games since.
XVI Olympic Games - San Diego 1974
In charge of hosting the first Olympiad on American soil in forty years, the San Diego Olympic Committee ran the Games like dictators, trying desperately to avoid the problems that had plagued Peking. They succeeded; the San Diego games were financially successful and featured one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history, when the Colombian national baseball team bested America for the gold at Padre Stadium. The game devastated American athletic morale for years to come in the Olympics, and is considered a nationally significant moment in Colombia.
XVII Olympic Games - Istanbul 1978
Turkey hosted its first Olympiad in 1978, capping its remarkable growth in the 1970's as a regional economic and political power. The games were notable for the total domination of Irish wrestler Jim McDonough, who had one of the most impressive Olympics by a single athlete in history.
XVIII Olympic Games - Kialgory 1982
The Kialgory Games were a huge success for Alaska, despite a rushed schedule on construction of infrastructure and rampant charges of corruption and illegal procedures throughout the Games in a notoriously corrupt country. There was a notable incident in which a Moroccan sprinter who had failed to win a medal committed suicide by jumping off of a high rise, which cast a pallor over the Games and turned the closing ceremony into a muted memorial service.
XIX Olympic Games - Cairo 1986
The Cairo Games were epic; several world records that stand today were set, the Egyptian soccer team defeated their hated enemies the Ethiopians in the semifinals before advancing to take gold, and the English baseball team beat the Americans in extra innings to win gold as well. Cairo also experienced a boost of revenue thanks to the successful games.
XX Olympic Games - Hanseong 1990
The Hanseong games were considered Korea's coming out party, and while not the enormous success of Edo '50, they were not the stunning failure of Peking '70. Having now staged the Games in a major Asian capital in twenty year increments, the "Asian Three" had bragging rights over successful Olympiads.
XXI Olympic Games - Dallas 1994
Dallas, which had beaten out Los Angeles as its main bidding competitor, staged a very successful and applauded Olympiad which featured the American baseball team's first gold since 1970, a major event in a country at the time wreaked by recession.
XXII Olympic Games - Dresden 1998
Germany's second Olympics, and the first Olympics held in the Empire since the 1960's, was a financial and commercial success; no Olympics had ever been watched by as many people worldwide before. It was also hailed as a welcome into the new millennium.
XXIII Olympic Games - Bogota 2002
The first Olympiad held in South America burned out into an epic failure; facilities were unfinished, cheating scandals emerged, and an Alaskan soccer player was attacked and nearly murdered. The failure of the Bogota Games would affect internal Colombian politics and raise questions about the viability of the Games in the 21st century.
XXIV Olympic Games - Vancouver 2006
America hosted a successful Olympics once more, and all the troubles of Bogota were quickly forgotten. Much like San Diego '74, Vancouver '06 was a chance to reinvent the Games and reaffirm their greatness.
XXV Olympic Games - Athens 2010
The first Olympiad held in Greece, the Athens Olympics were one of the biggest marketing and sporting successes in modern history, and reaffirmed Turkey's place as a world power.
XXVI Olympic Games - Melbourne 2014
Chosen over Edo and Dublin, the Melbourne Games will be the first Olympics ever held in the Southern Hemisphere, the first Olympics hosted by the Empire of Oceania and the first Games held on the continent of Australia.
XXVII - Edo 2018
Potential Sites for 2022 Olympics
Having lost in their 2006 bid for the Games, East Prussian authorities have maintained that they intend to put forth a strong bid for the 2022 Summer Olympiad, and are at this point considered the prohibitive frontrunner almost four years prior to the selection of the host site.