Sultanate of Yemen
سلطنة اليمن (Arabic)
Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958) Coats of arms of the Kingdom of Egypt and Sudan
Flag Coat of Arms

"Allāh, al-Waṭan, al-Waḥdah" (Arabic)
(""God, Country, Unity"")

Capital Sana'a
Largest city Sana'a
Other cities Asmara, Ta'izz
Language Arabic
  others Christianity
Ethnic Groups
Yemeni Arabs
  others Tigrinya, Somali
Demonym Yemeni
Government Absolute Hereditary Monarchy
Sultan Ahmad bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
  Royal house: Fadhle Dynasty
Population 1,300,000 (1590) 
Established 1040 (Sulayhid Empire)
1174 (Ayyubid Yemen)
1229 (Rasulid Caliphate)
1415 (Mamluk Empire)
1440 (Sultanate of Yemen)
1562 (Reign of Terror)
1574 (Restoration of Sultanate of Yemen)
 The Sultanate of Yemen is a sovereign Islamic hereditary monarchy in the Arabian Peninsula which has existed for thousands of years under the rule of various dynasties and major Empires including the Persian, Rashidun, Mamluk, Abbasid and most recently, the Rasulid Empire. Following the collapse of the Rasulid Empire, the Sultanate of Yemen and Caliphate of Mecca came into being, thus creating a modern Yemeni state for the first time during which Yemen was rebuilt and the Sultanate tried its very best to bring back Yemen to its height. The Sultanate was after a century of peace; struck by rebellion led by a False Prophet who was able to overthrow the Sultanate and establish himself as a cruel tyrant sending Yemen into chaos before his death during the Invasion of Mecca. After consulting many people, an old cleric was proclaimed the new Sultan of Yemen and peace was brought back to Yemen and the House of Fadhle begun its rule over Yemen. Since then Yemen has followed a policy of peace, only keen on spreading its influence to nearby African Kingdoms and protecting the Muslim world from foreign powers


Before 1400

Yemen was ruled by the Rasulid Empire whichnurtured Yemen's commercial links with India and Far East. The economy also boomed due to the agricultural development programs instituted by the kings who promoted massive cultivation of palms. It was during this period that coffee became a lucrative cash crop in Yemen. The Rasulid sultans built numerous Madrasas in order to solidify the Shafi'i school of thought amongst Yemenis. Under their rule, Ta'izz and Sana'a became major international centers of Islamic learning.The Kings themselves were learned men in their own right who not only had important libraries but who also wrote treatises on a wide array of subjects, ranging from astrology and medicine to agriculture and genealogy.

After 1400


The reign of the House of Rasulid brought prosperity and peace to the kingdom, but the Kingdom eventually fell in the chaos that arose following a rebellion by many disgruntled family members to take control. In the end however, the land fell victim to Mamluk warriors who then ruled the land with an iron first for 25 years before being ousted in the aftermath of a rebellion. The Tahiride Sultanate soon took over to bring back Yemen from the state it had fallen to and under the Tahirides, Yemen was able to achieve stability. It was during this period that the Christian Kingdom of Alexandria was able to achieve total domination over the Straits of Mandeb and Gulf of Aden by using Yemeni weakness to their advantage and capturing strategically located parts of Yemen


Peace and stability continued until a group of Munafiq led by a Fake Prophet led a major rebellion against the Tahiride Sultanate. Initially considered a minor threat, the Fake Prophet was able to soon however defeat the Yemeni military at the Battle of Harbazl and finally in the Siege of Sana'a, the once powerful Tahiride Sultanate fell into the claws of the Fake Prophet. On his orders, the entire House of Tahiride was massacred. The Fake Prophet continued his tyrannical rule over Yemen for 12 years and during this period, he had many people executed or had their tongues pull out merely because he did not like their name or their appearance. Under his orders, Yemen invaded Mecca but by the Grace of Allah, the Fake Prophet and his army were defeated and in the battle that ensued, he was killed. When news reached Yemen, the people celebrated for the tyranny had finally come to an end. The secret police of the Fake Prophet was disbanded and Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle, an old Cleric was elected the new Monarch. The 71-year-old ruled over Yemen for 4 years, trying his best to bring back peace to the land before he finally died; allowing his eldest son, Ahmad bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle to take the Crown. During this period, Yemen was able to flourish and the living standards of the people increased. The military was equipped with modern firearms and Yemen was able to vassalize the Sultanate of Iritriya and the Emirate of al-Somal whilst establishing ideal relationships with the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia and the once hostile, Sultanate of Damascus and Mansurriyya. 


For other uses, see List of rulers of Yemen

The Yemeni government is in its essence an absolute hereditary monarchy, however, it still retains the Majlis e Shura a parliament consisting of 40 Muslim clerics. The Majlis e Shura, however, has little influence over the Sultan's actions unless the action performed by the Sultan contradicts with Islam. 

Administrative Divisions 

The Sultanate of Yemen itself is divided into Twelve Administrative Governorates called Muhafazah and Eleven Governors from the Royal House of Fadhle have been appointed to administer their respective governorates for life, unless stripped of the position by the Sultan. The first governorate is controlled by the Sultan himself thus bestowing him the Title of the the First Governor

Yemen Administrative Div
Territory Capital Muhafiz Flag
Sana'a Ahmad bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of the Pan Islamic Federation
Ta'izz Umer bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Zinjibar Imran bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of the Ottoman Caliphate (1844–1923)
Al Mukalla Usamah bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of Algeria
Sa'dah Faiz bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of Islamic State of Indonesia
Al'Jawf Saleem bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of Arabia (Caesar of Rome)
Hajjah Fahd bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Ottoman Caliphate Flag
Al Mahwit
Al Hudaydah Lovro Iločki
Flag of Pakistan
Al Mahrah
Al Ghaydah Jafar bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Shabwah Attaq Ahmad bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Federation of The Arabian Peninsula
Asmara Mustafa bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Proposed flag of Iraq (Coalition Provisional Authority, 2004)
Berbera Hamza bin Usman al Mahri bin Fadhle
Flag of al-Qaeda in Iraq

Foreign Relations

Screenshot 3

Official Allies

Unofficial Allies

Hostile States

                                                                          Nations not mentioned do not have significant relations with the Sultanate of Yemen